the text observes that we remain hopeful about family commitment because
families are central to society as an institution and to our everyday lives
traditionally both law and social science specified that the family consisted of people related by
blood marriage, or adoption
The U.S. census bureau defines a family as
two or more persons sharing a household and who are related by blood marriage, or adoption
Throughout much of the twentieth century in America, the __________ family has been considered the traditional family.
As families have become less traditional, the legal definition of a family has
become much more flexible
the text concludes that the best way to make decisions about our personal lives is to make them
Theoretical perspectives or theories can increase our ____ families and family life
The climate, soil, plants, and animals are all part of the _____ environment
Which of the following theoretical perspectives is directly concerned with the influence of family policy
The sequence of single hood, marriage, parenthood, grand parenthood, and widowhood, are a focus of which of the following perspectives?
The view that the family is an enduring social institution because of the important tasks it performs for society-reproduction, emotional support, socialization of children is the ____ perspective
The ____ perspective looks at the family as a whole; for change to occur, the family system as a whole must change.
The ___ perspective argues that hums evolutionary biology affects much of human behavior and, more specifically, many family-related behaviors.
Representative samples are important to family survey research because they are most likely to
produce the most generalizable figures
The ____ perspective sees sex as a focus of norms designed to regulate sexuality so that it facilitates responsible reproduction
From a ____ perspective, we consider that humans are designed for the purpose of transmitting their genes to the next generation
The interactionist perspective emphasizes the interpersonal negotiation of relationships in the context of
According to one model (troiden), the process of homosexual constructing their sexual identities occurs in stages. Which of the following is NOT one of these?
David and Susan have been married for 20 years. Both are less interested in sex than they were at the beginning of their marriage, and their sexual frequency has declined over this period of time. David and Susan's circumstances reflect what the text refers to as
______ theory posits that during infancy and childhood individuals develop a general style of bonding with others.
____ refers to male or female anatomy and physiology and includes the different chromosomal, hormonal, and anatomical components of males and females that are present at birth
Which of the following is NOT an example given by the text of women in nontraditional roles?
Consider the statement: "Due to social pressures, firms frequently have to hire under qualified women." This illustrates ____ sexism
According to the text, more and more women are entering nontraditional occupations such as
Our culture has formed a "_____" message, according to which a good wife and/or mother also efficiently attains career success and/or supports children by herself.
The process by which society influences members to internalize attitudes and expectations is called
The text observers that children imitate models for behavior and re rewarded by parents and others for whatever is perceived as sex-appropriate behavior. This reflects which theory of socialization?
Some psychologists think that what comes first is not rules about what boys and girls should do, but rather the child's awareness of being a boy or a girl. This thinking reflects which theory of socialization?
when both spouses come from a divorced family, the probability of their own divorce is higher. Family scholars refer to this phenomenon as the ____ risk.
inter generational transmission of divorce
in terms of mate selection patterns, the US is an example of what cross-cultural researchers call a ____ culture.
the ideas of bargaining, market and resources used to describe relationships such as marriage come to us from ____ theory.
Americans tend to marry people of similar race, age, education, religious background, and social class. This behavior reflects
Researchers have found it discouraging that about ____ of abusive datingrelationships continue rather than being broken off.
Psychologist Lawrence Kurdek has applied ____ theory to whether couple relationships continue.
The text points our that in American society, having children is taken for granted, whereas not having children seems to need a justification. This reflects a
An estimate of the cost of raising a child born in 2001 to the age of 18 for middle-income families was
What percent of US women surveyed in 2001 said "no" to the question of whether a "woman needs the experience of motherhood to have a complete life?"
of any industrialized country, which nation has by far the highest teen pregnancy, abortion, and birthrates
the United Sates
The pronounced tendency for men and women to be employed in different types of jobs is termed
Sociologist Jessie Bernard asserted that the ____ role for men emerged in the US during the 1830s
______ involves the necessary tasks f attending both the emotional needs of all family members and the practical needs of dependent members, as well as maintaining the family domicile
Unpaid family work
University of Michigan researchers cited in the text use the term "____" in nothing that, as men and women are both putting in more hours of employment, the total amount of time a couple spends on housework has declined.
____ involves providing assistance with daily lining activities to an elderly relative who chronically frail, ill, disabled, or just in need of assistance
____ involves an employee being able to take extended period of time from work, either paid or unpaid, for maternity, paternity, ill-child and elder-care purposes.
Alice Rossi has observed that transition to parenthood is more difficult than the transition to other adult roles for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of these?
Unlike other adult roles, the transition to parent hood is extremely gradual
An opposite image from "good" father are "____," who "are eschewing even minimal responsibility for their children."
According to the text, spanking refers to
hitting a child with a open hand without causing physical injury.
The _____ census was the first to offer citizens the option of identifying themselves as more than one race.
It is estimated that ___ children under age eighteen are ling in a grandparent's household.
more than 3.6 million