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coxofemoral joint

(hip joint) is found between the pelvis and the femur

iliofemoral ligament

Prevents hyperextension of the hip joint during standing by screwing the femoral head into the acetabulum

pubofemoral ligament

Located inferior to iliofemoral ligament; Also reinforces the anterior capsule


limits extension and medial rotation (posteriorly)

inguinal ligament

ligament extending from pubic bone to anterior superior iliac spine, forming lower border of abdomen

femoral triangle

adductor longus,sartorius and inguinal ligament. Also houses femoral n., v., a.

trochanteric bursa

separates gluteus maximus and ITB from greater trochanter, common site for friction bursitis

gluteofemoral bursa

lies between the gluteus maximus & the vastus lateralis.

ischial bursa

Seperates inferior part of gluteus maximus from ishial tuberosity; often absent

iliopsoas bursa

positioned between iliopsoas and the articular capsule, serving to reduce the friction between these structures.

Lumbral and sacral plexus


hip flexors and knee extensor

femoral nerve motor

hip add. and obturator externus

obturator nerve motor

piriformis, obturator internus, gemellis, quadratus femoris

nerve named by muscle

glut minimus/medius

superior gluteal nerve motor

gluteus max

inferior gluteal nerve

female triad

disordered eating, amenorrhea, osteoporosis

Sports hernia

increase pain with bowel movement or coughing and anterior pain ininguinal region presents a _____ _______

Gluteus medius involvment

lateral hip pain, pain during loading response and midstance

gluteus maximus/hamstrings

posterior pain with pushing off during spring


angle>20 degrees: results of internal femoral rotation, squinting patella, and toed in gait


angle of torsion < 15 degrees: results in external femoral rotation, toed out gait

hip pointers

iliac crest contusions

hip pointers management

removal from competition, stretching as tolerated; pad injured area

muscle strains

usually secondary to overloading during eccentric muscle contraction

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