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chapter 5


Two house, as in a legislature with two houses


To reject, as in to reject a bill

Delegated Powers

The powers given to Congress rather than to the states


Changes to the constitution


The division of power between the states and the federal, or national government

Concurrent Powers

The powers shared by the federal and state governments

Reserved Powers

Those powers that the Constitution neither gives to Congress nor denies to the states

Checks and Balances

The system that gives each of the three branches of government ways to limit the powers of the other two


To accuse the President or other high government official of serious wrongdoing

Elastic Clause

Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution known also as the "necessary and proper" clause that allows Congress to extend its delegated powers


The beginning of the U.S. Constitution, which describes its purposes

Popular Sovereignty

Government by consent of the governed


An opponent of the Constitution who urged its rejection in 1787


A rule of conduct enforced by government

Majority Rule

A system in which the decision of more than half the people is accepted by all

Limited Government

A system in which government powers are carefully spelled out to prevent government from becoming too powerful


A from of government in which the people of a nation either rule directly or through elected representatives

Judicial Branch

The branch of government that interprets the laws and punishes lawbreakers

Executive Branch

The branch of government that carries out the laws


A supporter of the Constitution who urged its adoption in 1787


To cancel or revoke

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