101 terms

Football Lingo

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Terms in this set (...)

All-Purpose Yardage
All the combined yardage a player or team compiles in a game, whether it be from rushing or receiving
Audible
When a quarterback changes the play at the line of scrimmage before the snap based on something he saw with the defense
Backfield
Refers to skill players behind the line of scrimmage, namely running backs. The defensive secondary can also be called the defensive backfield
Backup
Reverse player
Ball Control
A philosophy of offense that stresses low-risk play that results in very few turnovers.
Black Monday
The Monday following the last regular season game of the year, where coaches' jobs are on the line.
Block
To prevent a defensive player from getting to the ball-carrier.
Blitz
When linebackers or defensive backs unexpectedly dart in to attack the quarterback instead of falling back into their positions.
Bomb
A last-ditch effort at the end of a half or a game when a quarterback heaves a long pass into the end zone. Or simply a long pass.
Bootleg
When a quarterback fakes a handoff to a running back and takes it outside either to pass it or run it himself.
Broken-Play
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Bump and Run
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Bust
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Chains
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Checkdown Pass
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Chip Shot
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Comeback Route
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Dime Back
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Down
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Down By Contact
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Draw Play
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Drop Kick
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Eligible Receiver
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Encroachment
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End Zone
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Extra Point
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Fair Catch
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False Start
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Flag
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Field Position
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Forward Progress
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Fumble
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Game Manager
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Goal-Line Stand
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Gunslinger
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Hail Mary
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Hands Team
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Hard Count
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Hash Marks
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Holding
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Hole
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Horse Collar
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Hurry-Up Offense
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Icing
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Intentional Grounding
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Interception
When the defense catches a pass from an opposing quarterback.
Kick Off
When team kicks the ball away following a score or to begin a half.
Late Hit
When a player hits another player after the play is considered to be over.
Lateral
A legal lateral is when a player passes the ball parallel or behind him to another player
Line Of Scrimmage
Where the play begins. The line that crosses a football across the field
Live Ball
A ball that is still considered in-play
Man Coverage
When a defense has specific players who cover all the eligible pass catchers on an offense.
Muffed Punt
When a punt returner fails to cleanly field the incoming kick
Neutral Zone
The area between the line of scrimmage
Nickel Back
A 5th defensive back
Offsides
When the defense moves and crosses the line of scrimmage before the ball is snapped
Onside Kick
When a team wants to get the ball back, they will use an onside kick--a short and difficult kick to field that can be recovered after it travels at least ten yards.
Pass Interference
When a team wants to get the ball back, they will use an onside kick--a short and difficult kick to field that can be recovered after it travels at least ten yards.
Pass Protection
The offensive's ability to keep defenders away from the quarterback on a pass attempt.
Pass Rush
When the defense sends players with the sole intent of disturbing or sacking the quarterback.
Personal Foul
A foul a player can get for unsportsmanlike behavior
Pick
Term used for an interception
Pick-Six
Term used to describe when a defender intercepts a pass and returns it for a touchdown
Place Kick
A kick where the ball is placed still on the ground
Play Action
A play that begins with a fake, either a pass or handoff to throw off the defense.
Pocket
The area between the tackles on the offensive part of the field.
Pooch Kick
A deliberately poorly-kicked ball, used to limit the return
Post Pattern
When a receiver sprints out a short distance and looks back at the quarterback as if a pass is coming, only to start running again deep toward the middle of the field.
Prevent Defense
A form of defense that theoretically allows short plays, but is supposed to specifically stop big plays. Used by teams with a good lead in the score.
Pull
When an offensive lineman, instead of blocking the man in front of him, shoots down the line to block another defender.
Punt
When a kicker drops the ball and kicks it before it hits the ground
Quarter
15 minutes of football. Each football game has 4 quarters
Quarterback Sneak
When the quarterback unexpectedly runs the ball
Red Shirt
When a college player doesn't play so he doesn't waste a year of eligibility
Red Zone
When an offense is 20 yards or closer to the end zone, they are considered to be in the "red zone."
Running Out the Clock
When the offense deliberately maximizes how much time they take off the clock to maintain a lead and give the opposing offense little or no time to win the game.
Running up the Score
When a team that has the game in hand continues to attack offensively. For example, a team that completes a 75-yard touchdown pass in the 4th quarter while leading 48-0 would be accused of running up the score.
Rush
Term used to refer to a run, as in "he rushed for 140 yards." Also used to describe defenders who attempt to get to the quarterback.
Sack
When a defender tackles the quarterback behind the line of scrimmage.
Safety
A defensive player in the secondary or when the defense tackles an offensive player in the end zone, which results in two points.
Scramble
When a quarterback moves around to avoid the pass rush.
Screen
A short pass play where the receiver has a series of blockers ahead of him.
Shotgun
A formation when a quarterbacks stands a distance behind the center, who hikes it to the quarterback from a distance.
Snap
When the center hikes the ball to signify the beginning of an offensive play
Special Teams
Refers to the group of players who play on kickoffs, punts, free kicks, and field goals
Spot
Where a ball is marked on the field by the officials.
Squib Kick
A low-kicked ball on a kickoff used to limit the returning team's ability to make a good return.
Sticks
Refers to the down markers. A first down results in "moving the sticks."
Straight/Stiff Arm
When a ball carrier uses the arm he's not using to carry the ball to fend off defenders.
Stunt
When defensive linemen switch positions late to throw off the blockers
Three-And-Out
When an offense fails to get a first down and must punt on 4th down after just three offensive plays on a drive
Tip
When a pass is touched.
Touchback
When a player downs the ball in their own end zone, resulting in the ball being placed at the 20-yard line.
Turning the Ball Over on Downs
When a 4th down fails to result in a first down or a score, the opposing offense takes over the ball on downs
Turnover
When a defensive player intercepts a ball or recovers a fumble.
Two Point Conversion
Following a touchdown, a team can kick an extra point or attempt a two-point conversion by getting the ball in the end zone from the 2-yard line.
Underneath
The area past the defensive line, but in front of the linebackers and secondary
Weak-Side
The side of the offensive line that has the fewest players, particularly on teams that use one tight end.
Wildcat
An offense that is positioned so that either the quarterback or the running back can take the center's shotgun snap.
Wishbone
An offensive position where a trip of backs shaped like a "Y" are behind the quarterback
YAC
Yards after catch