101 terms

Football Lingo


Terms in this set (...)

All-Purpose Yardage
All the combined yardage a player or team compiles in a game, whether it be from rushing or receiving
When a quarterback changes the play at the line of scrimmage before the snap based on something he saw with the defense
Refers to skill players behind the line of scrimmage, namely running backs. The defensive secondary can also be called the defensive backfield
Reverse player
Ball Control
A philosophy of offense that stresses low-risk play that results in very few turnovers.
Black Monday
The Monday following the last regular season game of the year, where coaches' jobs are on the line.
To prevent a defensive player from getting to the ball-carrier.
When linebackers or defensive backs unexpectedly dart in to attack the quarterback instead of falling back into their positions.
A last-ditch effort at the end of a half or a game when a quarterback heaves a long pass into the end zone. Or simply a long pass.
When a quarterback fakes a handoff to a running back and takes it outside either to pass it or run it himself.
Bump and Run
Checkdown Pass
Chip Shot
Comeback Route
Dime Back
Down By Contact
Draw Play
Drop Kick
Eligible Receiver
End Zone
Extra Point
Fair Catch
False Start
Field Position
Forward Progress
Game Manager
Goal-Line Stand
Hail Mary
Hands Team
Hard Count
Hash Marks
Horse Collar
Hurry-Up Offense
Intentional Grounding
When the defense catches a pass from an opposing quarterback.
Kick Off
When team kicks the ball away following a score or to begin a half.
Late Hit
When a player hits another player after the play is considered to be over.
A legal lateral is when a player passes the ball parallel or behind him to another player
Line Of Scrimmage
Where the play begins. The line that crosses a football across the field
Live Ball
A ball that is still considered in-play
Man Coverage
When a defense has specific players who cover all the eligible pass catchers on an offense.
Muffed Punt
When a punt returner fails to cleanly field the incoming kick
Neutral Zone
The area between the line of scrimmage
Nickel Back
A 5th defensive back
When the defense moves and crosses the line of scrimmage before the ball is snapped
Onside Kick
When a team wants to get the ball back, they will use an onside kick--a short and difficult kick to field that can be recovered after it travels at least ten yards.
Pass Interference
When a team wants to get the ball back, they will use an onside kick--a short and difficult kick to field that can be recovered after it travels at least ten yards.
Pass Protection
The offensive's ability to keep defenders away from the quarterback on a pass attempt.
Pass Rush
When the defense sends players with the sole intent of disturbing or sacking the quarterback.
Personal Foul
A foul a player can get for unsportsmanlike behavior
Term used for an interception
Term used to describe when a defender intercepts a pass and returns it for a touchdown
Place Kick
A kick where the ball is placed still on the ground
Play Action
A play that begins with a fake, either a pass or handoff to throw off the defense.
The area between the tackles on the offensive part of the field.
Pooch Kick
A deliberately poorly-kicked ball, used to limit the return
Post Pattern
When a receiver sprints out a short distance and looks back at the quarterback as if a pass is coming, only to start running again deep toward the middle of the field.
Prevent Defense
A form of defense that theoretically allows short plays, but is supposed to specifically stop big plays. Used by teams with a good lead in the score.
When an offensive lineman, instead of blocking the man in front of him, shoots down the line to block another defender.
When a kicker drops the ball and kicks it before it hits the ground
15 minutes of football. Each football game has 4 quarters
Quarterback Sneak
When the quarterback unexpectedly runs the ball
Red Shirt
When a college player doesn't play so he doesn't waste a year of eligibility
Red Zone
When an offense is 20 yards or closer to the end zone, they are considered to be in the "red zone."
Running Out the Clock
When the offense deliberately maximizes how much time they take off the clock to maintain a lead and give the opposing offense little or no time to win the game.
Running up the Score
When a team that has the game in hand continues to attack offensively. For example, a team that completes a 75-yard touchdown pass in the 4th quarter while leading 48-0 would be accused of running up the score.
Term used to refer to a run, as in "he rushed for 140 yards." Also used to describe defenders who attempt to get to the quarterback.
When a defender tackles the quarterback behind the line of scrimmage.
A defensive player in the secondary or when the defense tackles an offensive player in the end zone, which results in two points.
When a quarterback moves around to avoid the pass rush.
A short pass play where the receiver has a series of blockers ahead of him.
A formation when a quarterbacks stands a distance behind the center, who hikes it to the quarterback from a distance.
When the center hikes the ball to signify the beginning of an offensive play
Special Teams
Refers to the group of players who play on kickoffs, punts, free kicks, and field goals
Where a ball is marked on the field by the officials.
Squib Kick
A low-kicked ball on a kickoff used to limit the returning team's ability to make a good return.
Refers to the down markers. A first down results in "moving the sticks."
Straight/Stiff Arm
When a ball carrier uses the arm he's not using to carry the ball to fend off defenders.
When defensive linemen switch positions late to throw off the blockers
When an offense fails to get a first down and must punt on 4th down after just three offensive plays on a drive
When a pass is touched.
When a player downs the ball in their own end zone, resulting in the ball being placed at the 20-yard line.
Turning the Ball Over on Downs
When a 4th down fails to result in a first down or a score, the opposing offense takes over the ball on downs
When a defensive player intercepts a ball or recovers a fumble.
Two Point Conversion
Following a touchdown, a team can kick an extra point or attempt a two-point conversion by getting the ball in the end zone from the 2-yard line.
The area past the defensive line, but in front of the linebackers and secondary
The side of the offensive line that has the fewest players, particularly on teams that use one tight end.
An offense that is positioned so that either the quarterback or the running back can take the center's shotgun snap.
An offensive position where a trip of backs shaped like a "Y" are behind the quarterback
Yards after catch