20 terms

Egyptian, Greek, and Roman Art

Egyptian Tomb Art
5000 BC -300AD. Combines painting and relief sculptures. The subject matter is both religious and historical/storytelling. This examples shows Osiris guiding people in their journey to the underworld, where hopefully their "Ka" or spirit will unite with their mummified body.
Egyptian Relief Sculpture
1323-1295 B.C. This art piece is a sculpture(Relief Sculpture). The reason for this sculpture would be religion and history. This sculpture includes Akhenaten whom changed Egypts religion during his reign from polytheism to monotheism. In the sculpture it shows Akhenaten and his followers worshiping the sun God.
Bust of Queen Nefrititi
1345 B.C. a bust and this was a history and political art work. Nefrititi meaning "the beautiful one has come" was the 14th century B.C great, and royal wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaton. This is the only bust that is realistic.
Egyptian Jewelry
5000 B.C.-300 A.D., made of gold and silver, some were religious and others were just for vanity (aesthetic) they show us Egyptian style, much was made from lapis lazuli. The amount of jewelry owned also showed your wealth and social status. This example of jewelry includes the eye of Horus, the Egyptian god of the sky.
King Tut Funeral Mask
1341 B.C. - 1323 B.C. this is a sculpture and painting. The purpose would be religious, aesthetic, and storytelling. The death mask of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankamun is made of gold inlaid with colored glass and semiprecious stone. The mask comes from the innermost mummy case in the pharoah's tomb and stands 54 cm high.
Pyramids of Giza
2600-2480 B.C. this was architecture. The purpose was history. The pyramid of Giza stands on the Giza Plateau, on the outside of Cairo. The great pyramid of Giza (also called the Khufu's pyramid, pyramid of Khufu, pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest pyramid as well as the oldest of the 7 wonders of the world.
The Parthenon
447 to 438 B.C. This is a sculpture and archietecture. It was made with marble. The building was made for religous purposes for the god Athena. But later it was made into a christian church.They tried to reconstruct the building to look as close as they could make it.
Greek Column Orders
570-560 B.C this was architecture and history. The iconic columns normally stand on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the platform. It is a Greek architecture that symbolizes Greece's wealth and power.
Archaic Greek Statues
1200 BC this is a sculpture. The purpose of this sculpture is history and utilitarian. The arts of ancient Greece have exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries all over the world, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in Greco-Buddhist art, with ramifications as far as Japan.
Kritios Boy
around 480 B.C. He is a sculpture made with parian marble. This sculpture was made for aesthetic reasons to see the beautiful athletic body. This was made to show the beauty of the body in nude. It was important because it was the first free standing sculpture.
Nike of Samothrace
It is a 2nd century BC marble sculpture of the Greek goddess Nike. It is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world. It is estimated to have been created around 190 BC. Its purpose is storytelling. It was created not only to honor the goddess but to honor a sea battle. It conveys a sense of action and triumph as well as portraying artful flowing drapery through its features which Greeks considered ideal beauty. It is held to be one of the great surviving masterpieces of sculpture from the Hellenistic period.
Black Figured Greek Vase
This style of ceramic was popular between the 7th and 5th century BC. It was one of the most modern styles for adorning antique Greek vases. Figures were painted on using shapes and colors reminiscent of silhouettes. Black-figure painting on vases was the first art style to give rise to a significant number of identifiable artists. The purpose is utilitarian because the vases were used to carry water or food, it is also storytelling because it told stories of past events.
Red Figured Greek Vase
It is one of the most important styles of Greek vase painting. It developed in Athens around 530 BC. It replaced black figured style within a few decades. Its modern name is based on the figural depictions in red colour on a black background, in contrast to the preceding black-figure style with black figures on a red background. Red figure vases were exported throughout Greece and far beyond. The purpose is utilitarian as they were used to transport and store things.
The Colosseum
72 A.D. - 80 A.D. This is an amphitheatre located in Rome, Italy. It is the largest building ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. It was capable of seating 50,000 spectators and in the Roman era it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. The purpose is history.
The Pantheon
118-125 A.D Architecture and Religion. To Honor all gods and goddesses. The Pantheon had different stations for every god. there was a hole for light. It is a temple for all of the gods for ancient Rome, constructed By Publius Aelius Hadrianuss. It was also one of the first buildings with a dome in it.
Statue of Constantine
This was a colossal statue of the late Roman emperor Constantine the Great. The head, arms, and legs were carved from white marble while the rest of the body consisted of brick core and wooden framework. The purpose is political and history, the statue displayed Constantine's strength and power. It was constructed c. 312- 315 AD.
Bronze Statue of Marcus Aurelius
175 CE. This is a sculpture of Marcus Aurelius. This was made to tell a story of showing the emperor as victorious and all conquering. without weapons .This shows that Marcus Aurelius is more a bringer of peace rather than a military hero. This ancient Roman statue is made of bronze and stands 3.5 meters tall. The emperor is life size. Its original location is debated but it is now located in the Campidoglio, in Rome Italy.
Portrait Bust of Roman Man
Circa 50-120 AD, This sculpture is what the Romans believed as what was noble. The Romans wanted to portray realistic features and show how the object really looked. They believed that nobility was symbolized as a middle aged man with a stern, serious look responsible public bearing, and courageous endurance in the heat of battle.
Pompeii Fresco from Villa of the Mysteries
This fresco is depicting a Bacchian rite. It survives largely undamaged by the eruption of Vesuvius. It is located in a Roman villa which lies some 400 meters northwest of Pompeii. It had to have been constructed sometime before the year 79 AD. It is a fresco, a painting on wet plaster. Its purpose is aesthetic.
King Laocoon and his sons
c.a. 42-20 B.C., a Hellenistic greek sculpture made of marble, storytelling and religious, told Virgil's Aeneid (punished by gods for trying to warn about the Trojan Horse), it is beauty in a scene of death