CEN Signs

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Ballance Sign
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Terms in this set (36)
Eisenmenger's syndromeventricular septal defect with pulmonary HTN and cyanosis due to right-to-left shunt.Grey-Turnersbruising of the flank area (seen in pancreatitis and severe ABD injury)Halstead's Signmarbled appearance of the ABDHill's Signdisproportionate femoral systolic hypertensionJaneway's lesionspetechial lesions (not painful) on the hands and feet (endocarditis)Kehr's Signreferred left shoulder pain (spleen)Kernig's Signcontraction & pain of hamstring muscles occurs after flexion & extension of leg (meningitis)Kussmaul Signa paradoxic JVP increase during inspiration (seen in constrictive pericarditis and severe right-sided heart failure)Levine's SignClenching of fist to chest during anginaMarkle's Signhave pt stand on tiptoes the let body weight fall quickly onto the heels. Positive if abdominal pain increases (peritoneal inflammation)McBurney's Pointfound in RLQ between umbilicus and right iliac crest (appendicitis)Murphy's Signinability to take deep breaths during palpation beneath right costal arch below hepatic margin (cholecystitis)OpisthotonoSAn ominous neurological sign of abnormal posturing characterized by rigidity and severe arching of the back, with the head thrown backwards (more in infants & pedi: occurs in meningitis, especially in infants; also seen in severe brain & spine injuries)Osler's nodespainful raised lesions to finger tips (endocarditis)Prehn's signis used to discriminate between bacterial epididymitis and testicular torsion. Scrotal elevation relieves pain in epididymitis.Quincke Signalternating blanching & flushing of the nail bed with each pulseRoth's spotswhite spots on retina (endocarditis)Rovsing's SignLLQ pressure with intensify RLQ pain (appendicitis)Saegesser's Signneck pain related to phrenic nerve irritationSplinter HemmorhagesSeen on nail beds in endocarditisStellwag'sinfrequent or incomplete clinking (graves disease)Trousseau's Signcarpal spasms after BP cuff inflated on arm (tetany)Virchow's triadStasis of blood (damage to vessel, change in flow, hypercoagulation; venous thrombosis)Beck's TriadJVD, Decreased BP, distant heart sounds (traumatic injuries to the heart; cardiac tamponade)Cushing's Responsea compensatory response to provide adequate CPP: 1. A rising SBP 2. Widening pulse pressure 3. Bradycardia An early sign of ICPCushing's TriadSigns of late brainstem dysfunction: 1. Hypertension (with a wide pulse pressure) 2. bradycardia 3. Abnormal respiratory pattern