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Ch. 2: Cultural Diversity

STUDY
PLAY
Culture
may be defined as a shared system of beliefs, values, and behavioral expectations that provides social structure for daily living.
cultural diversity
people of varying cultures, racial and ethnic origin, religion, language, physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, socioeconomic status, occupational status, and geographic location.
subculture
a large group of people who are members of an even larger cultural group, but who have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics that are not common to the larger culture.
culture shock
feelings a person experiences when placed in a different culture perceived as strange.
ethnicity
a sense of identification with a collective cultural group, largely based on the group's common heritage.
d). Healthcare systems
Nursing is a subculture of which of the following larger cultures in our society? a). Healthcare providers. b). Organizations of Nurses. c) Institutions d). Healthcare systems
Culture
A shared system of beliefs, values, and behavioral expectations that provides social structure for daily living.
True. Language is the primary means of transmitting culture
True or false: Language is the primary means of transmitting culture
True.
True or false: Cultural practices and beliefs may evolve over time but they mainly remain constant as longs as they satisfy a group's needs
Subculture
A large group of people who are members of an even larger cultural group, but who have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics that are not common to the larger culture.
Dominant group
The group that has the most ability to control the values and sanctions of the society.
Cultural assimilation
When the values and cultural characteristics of a minority group are lost and replaced by those of the dominant group.
Culture shock
The feelings a person experiences when placed in a different culture perceived as strange. Usually some level of psychological discomfort.
Factors inhibiting sensitivity to diversity
1. stereotyping 2. cultural imposition 3. cultural blindness 4. cultural conflict.
Stereotyping
When one assumes that all members of a culture, ethnic group, or race act alike.
Cultural imposition
The belief that everyone should conform to your own belief system.
Cultural blindness
When one ignores cultural differences and proceeds as though they did not exist.
Ethnicity
A sense of identification with a collective cultural group, largely based on the group's common heritage.
Common health problems among American Indians
Heart disease, Cirrhosis, Diabetes mellitus, fetal alcohol syndrome.
Common health problems among African Americans
Hypertension, stroke, sickle cell anemia, lactose intolerance, keloids
Common health problems among Asian/Pacific Islanders
Hypertension, liver cancer, lactose intolerance, thalassemia
Common health problems among Hispanics
Diabetes mellitus, lactose intolerance
Common health problems among Whites
Breast cancer, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity
Cultural influences on Healthcare (9)
Physiology, Reactions to Pain, Mental Health norms, Gender Roles, Language, Orientation to space and time, Food/nutrition, family support, socioeconomic factors
Definition of providing culturally competent care
Care that is planned, and implemented in a way that is sensitive to the needs of individuals, families, and groups from diverse populations within society.
Ethnocentrism
tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups
False: conforming to the majority belief system is cultural imposition.
T or F: Cultural blindness is the belief that everyone should conform to the majority belief system.
False: this describes culture shock.
T or F: Stereotyping describes the feelings a person experiences when place in a different culture
True
T or F: Each culture defines food groups in a manner that is particular to that culture
False.
T or F: When providing care to people from different cultures, it is important to allow past experiences to guide solutions to all cultural situations
True
T or F: Culture is an important component of individuality that affects in individual's perception of pain
Ethnicity
_________is the sense of identification with a collective cultural group, largely based on the group's common heritage.
Space
Personal___________is the area around a person that is regarded as part of the person.
Assessment
The performance of a cultural_____________is an effective way to identify specific factors that influence a patient's behavior.
Dominant
The__________group is the group within a country or society that has the most authority to control values and sanctions.
Subculture
A large group of people who are members of a larger cultural group but have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics is known as a(n)____________.