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30 terms

Chapter 2

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Ireland
Nation where English Protestant rulers employed brutal tactics against
the local Catholic population
Roanoke Island
Island colony founded by Sir Walter Raleigh that mysteriously
disappeared in the 1580s
Spanish Armada
Naval invaders defeated by English "sea dogs" in 1588
joint-stock company
Forerunner of the modern corporation that enabled investors to pool
financial capital for colonial and commercial ventures
Anglo-Powhatan War
Name of two wars, fought in 1614 and 1644, between the English in
Jamestown and the nearby Indian leader
slave code
The harsh system of laws governing African labor, first developed in
Barbados and later officially adopted by South Carolina in 1696
House of Burgesses
The Virginia assembly that first established local representative self-
government for English settlers in North America
indentured servants
Penniless people obligated to engage in unpaid labor for a fixed
number of years, usually in exchange for passage to the New World or
other benefits
Roman Catholics
Persecuted English religious minority for whom colonial Maryland
was intended to be a refuge
squatters
Poor farmers in North Carolina and elsewhere who occupied land
and raised crops without gaining title to soil
Florida
Spain's North American colony from which Spanish intruders
periodically threatened English settlers in Georgia and the Carolinas
tobacco
The primary staple crop of early Virginia, Maryland and North
Carolina
South Carolina
The only Southern colony with a slave majority
rice
The primary plantation crop of South Carolina
Savannah
A melting-pot town in early colonial Georgia
Powhatan
Indian leader who ruled tribes in the James River area of
Virginia
Raleigh and Gilbert
Elizabethan courtiers who failed in their attempts to
found New World colonies.
Roanoke
The failed "lost colony" founded by Sir Walter Raleigh
John Smith
Virginia leader "saved" by Pocahantas
Virginia
Colony that established a House of Burgesses in 1619
Maryland
Founded as a haven for Roman Catholics
Lord De La War
Harsh military governor of Virginia who employed "Irish
tactics" against the Indians
John Wesley
British founder of Methodist Church who served for a time as a
missionary in colonial Georgia
Lord Baltimore
The Catholic aristocrat who sought to build a sanctuary
for his fellow believers
South Carolina
Colony that turned to disease-resistant African slaves for
labor in its extensive rice plantations.
North Carolina
Economically poorer colony that was called "a vale of humility
between two mountains of conceit
Georgia
Founded as a refuge for debtors by philanthropists
James Oglethorpe
Philanthropic soldier-statesman who founded the Georgia
colony.
Elizabeth I
The unmarried ruler who permanently established English
Protestantism and fought the Catholic Spanish
Jamestown
Riverbank site where Virginia Company settlers planted
the first permanent English colony