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World History Final Exam
Terms in this set (46)
What are the contributing factors that led to the fall of the Roman Empire
Political, social, economic, and military let to the civil war.
After the Roman Empire fell, how was the world divided?
East and West.
Describe the major differences between the east and the west after the fall of the Roman Empire.
East:Kept all of the ancient Roman traditions, and was going up.
West:Fell apart, became isolated, and became Christian, they were also going down.
What happened to the population to bring on the dark ages?
They went from cities, to small cars, and became isolated.
What are the 3 stages of the middle ages?
Who were the barbarians?
people who don't speak latin
What was the center of life in the middle ages?
List levels of authority in a feudal society.
4: Sufs/ Peasants
What is feudalism?
Granting land for any type of service.
What was a manor?
A mansion or noble.
What was life like for the Peasants and the Surfs in the middle ages?
Hard, they died early.
What was the code of Justinian?
A code of laws during that time period.
What was a knight?
Someone who protects people, like a soldier.
What was life like for Knights in the middle ages?
Fair, but not always fair.
How did someone become a knight? and what were the requirements?
trained, male at age 21 or up
What were towns like in the middle ages?
They were very small, dirty, crowded, and there were human wastes on the streets.
What are some of the signs and symptoms of the Black Death?
Boils, Fever, weak, Death.
How did the black death affect Feudalism?
Most of the peasants died, so there were less people to work for you.
How did the black death spread?
From fleas onto rats, onto ships, into the cities, onto people, and food.
What was the main reason of the crusades?
To get the Holy Land.
Who was fighting for the Holy Land?
How many crusades were there?
What was the outcome of the crusades?
New ideas. Ended Feudalism.
What does "Renaissance" mean?
Why did the renaissance begin in Italy?
The crusaders had to go through Italy to get to the Holy Land.
Italian City-States provided transportation and trade.
Someone who had deep knowledge.
Who was the renaissance man?
Leonardo Da Vinchi
What was humanism?
A new approach to learning, writing, (and being able to look through your own eyes and see the world?)
What was the purpose of Martin Luther's 95 theses?
To be able to understand the words of the bible.
What were some of the effects of the reformation?
People stopped following the church.
How are the Renaissance and Reformation are related
People started thinking for themselves.
What were the affects of the protestant reformation in Europe?
all Christians were roman catholic to get rid of the corruption and restore peoples faith.
How did the protestant reformation change the lives of those living in Europe?
the Christians split up
What was the diet of worms?
A group of men from all different places in Germany.
What was the printing press?
Who invented it?
How did it contribute to the Reformation?
A machine to copy things, and print.
To be able to understand the bible.
What were the indulgences, and why were they created?
pardons issued by the pope
Where was the Reconquista fought, and who were the 3 groups involved?
Iberian peninsula. Jews Muslims Christians
Who were the Moors?
Muslims from Morocco and Algeria.
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin, and what was it?
The time people move forward, used machines, and factories, not hand made anymore.
Describe the spinning Jenny.
How did it improve life?
Who invented it?
A machine that wove cloth.
It saved time.
Describe the cotton gin.
How did it make life worse for slaves?
Who invented it?
It separated the seeds from the cotton.
It increased demand for slaves.
What was life like for the people working in the factories?
Very hard, they had to work all day long, it was very unsanitary.
What was urbanization and why did it happen?
Everyone was moving, and thats where jobs were.
What is enclosure, and how did it improve life?
One farmer had a lot of land, instead of many people having very little land.
What was the benefit of the steam engine?
Transportation and mining.
Why was child labor used during the Industrial revolution?
They worked for very little money, and they were able to fit into small spaces, and clean it, where adults can't.
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