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Sociology Quiz 2

STUDY
PLAY
When parents remind their children that they should not chew with their mouths open, the parents are engaging in:
a. evolution
b. socialization
c. cognition
d. social reproduction
e. none of the above
socialization
Although social scientists have developed alternative theories of child development, all theories share a common understanding of the:
a. importance of human contact
b. significance of symbolic interactionism
c. priority of the preoperational stage
d. tendency of adults to ignore their children's ongoing socialization
e. all of the above
importance of human contact
Which of the following best describes the process of socialization?
a. learning only takes place within schools
b. older people are not influenced by the behavior of those around them
c. behavioral patterns are fixed and permanent once people reach adolescence
d. learning occurs throughout the entire life course
e. only young people are capable of learning and following orders
Learning occurs throughout the entire life course
According to Jean Piaget children deveop their way of thinking based on the:
a. emergence of a sense of self-awareness
b. stages of cognitive development
c. importance of sociobiology
d. need for social reproduction
e. physical growth of children in school
stages of cognitive development
According to Jean Piaget, the ability to understand and perform simple intellectual tasks involving visible objects does not take place until the:
a. preoperational stage
b. concrete operational stage
c. formal operational stage
d. generalized other stage
e. self-consciousness stage
concrete operational stage
Which of the following describes behavior associated with Jean Piaget's sensorimotor stage?
a. a baby senses that his/her beliefs vary from what other people believe
b. a bay learns that he/she should wave at a person who says "bye, bye"
c. a baby's motor skills are independent of cognitive development
d. a baby learns about his/her parents because they are human beings
e. a baby learns about his/her world by handling different objects in his/her crib
a baby learns about his/her world by handling different objects in his/her crib
Why does the family have such a powerful impact as an agent of socialization?
a. respect for parents is one of teh key values of modern society
b. no matter what stage of life we are in, families play an important role in our everyday lives
c. in recent years, the famiyl has begun to take on greater responsibilities
d. families begin the socialization process before there are any other competing influences
e.
Families begin the socialization process before there are any other competing influences
According to Merry White, while there are many similarities between Japanese and American teenagers, which of the following illustrates a difference between the two groups?
a. Japanese teenages attain greater academic achievement
b. American teenagers put sex at the bottom of their priorities
c. Japanese teenagers are less likely to separate passion, marriage, and romance
d. American teenagers are less likely to conform to wider cultural ideas
e. American and Japanese teenagers are always the same, there are no differences
Japanese teenages attain greater academic achievement
Which of the following norms for young peole were especially strong in pre-modern Japan?
a. duties of children toward their parents
b. teh need for experimentation during the teenage years
c. sexual promiscuity
d. marriage based on love
e. lack of information about sex
duties of children toward their parents
Which of the following describes behavior associated with Lawrence Kohlberg and children learning to understand right and wrong according to preconventional morality?
a. a child who eats everyday properly all the meals because he/she like what is served
b. a child who is expecting to be punished because parents are mean
c. a child who brushes his/her teeth because wants to have a clean mouth
d. a child who lies to parents because he/she has something to hide
e. a child who goes to bed because he/she likes to sleep
a child who brushes his/her teeth because wants to have a clean mouth
The process of self-developmet through which an individual formulates a unique sense of self and his or her relationshp to the rest of the world is called:
a. socialization
b. social-identity
c. self-identity
d. the "I"
e. the ego
self-identity
Which of the following statements about the nature/nurture debate would Anthony Giddens see as the most accurate?
a. While nature sets limits, socialization plays a large role in determining who we are
b. human behavior cannot be explained in teh same terms used to explain animal behavior
c. nature sets limits on development that socialization can hardly influence
d. neither nature nor nurture play much of a role in determining who we are
e. we only receive information from our own culture, other cultures do not influence us
While nature sets limits, socialization plays a large role in determining who we are
Which of the following most accurately describes the relationship between nature and nurture?
a. a man's interest in having sexual relations with multiple partners is biologically programmed into his DNA
b. Both the hormonal changes of pregnancy and the cultural norms of motherhood influence a woman's care of her newborn baby
c. women are more interested in low-carbohydrate diets and men are more interested in low-fat diets because of the different metabolic rates of the two groups
d. men are genetically programmed to never ask fro directions but the DNA of women leads them to ask direction rather than be lost
e. all of the above
Both the hormonal changes of pregnancy and the cultural norms of motherhood influence a woman's care of her newborn baby
Arthur is playing with his toys and is pretending that he is his father. According to George Heert Mead, by seeing himself from his father's point of view, Arthur is:
a. internalizing his father's values and attitudes
b. developing an Oedipus Rex complex
c. learning to reject his parent's lifestyle
d. learning how to play more complex games
e. all of the above
internalizing his father's values and attitudes
Humor makes us laugh, because almost all jokes contain:
a. racial or ethnic slurs
b. references to people's poor role performances in their everyday lives
c. an incongruity between a conventional reality and a subversive one.
d. a common definition of the situation which is always trivial and conventional
e. a front stage role of our learned behavior
an incongruity between a conventional reality and a subversive one.
John tells all his family and friends that life on Mars does exist. Sociologist would suggest that John's reality can be explained by the:
a. Thomas Theorem
b. Looking Glass Theorem
c. Functional Theory
d. Dramaturgy Theorem
e. Humorology theory
Thomas Theorem
Ethnomethodology is:
a. the process by which we act and react to those around us
b. the study of human behavior in the context of face-to-face interactions among different languages we have
c. communication between individuals based on facial expressions, emotions, even through the Internet
d. the study of how people make sense of what others say and do in the course of day-to-day social interaction
e. teh study of communication when we translate literarily from other languages
the study of how people make sense of what others say and do in the course of day-to-day social interaction
Two people waslking on a city sidewalk quickly glance at eachother and then look away as they pass. Erving Goffman would call this type of interaction:
a. uncivil behavior
b. the glance
c. civil inattention
d. the look
e. violated norms
civil inattention
According to Edward T. Hall, spacing for encounters with friends an dclose acquaintances is the:
a. public distance zone. The way we talk to people when we are riding the train
b. social distance zone. This is the zone we usually maintained among friends in parties and classes in college
c. personal distance zone. There can be some intimacy of contact permitted but it is limited.
d. intimate distance zone. Int he U.S. we do not have this zone
e. all of the above
personal distance zone. There can be some intimacy of contact permitted but it is limited.
We develop competition in our oppositional interactions. Which is the best example of competition?
a. two close friends who are on the TCU swimming team
b. two close friends who live and are from different countries representing their swimming team in the Olympic games and used steroids in their competition
c. two opposing teams in different countries who do not follow the rules of the game
d. two former enemies who now belong to the same team and follow the rules
e. two opposing teams in different countries who followed the rules of the game accordingly
two opposing teams in different countries who followed the rules of the game accordingly
Keeping your many roles seperate is an example of:
a. audience segregation
b. self-fulfillinf prophecy
c. W.I. Thoma's theorem
d. ethnocentrism
e. ethnomethodology
audience segegation
The belief that individuals are permanently fixed within the social roles of their particular culture is mistaken because:
a. men and women are programmed to accept the norms of the dominant society
b. social roles are set by societal consensus
c. social roles are negotiated and dynamically constructed
d. each person determines his/her own norms and values
e. all of the above
social roles are negotiated and dynamically constructed
During the day, Thomas is a very good, serious college student. At night, he parties hard and engages in binge drinking. Sociologically, what Thomas is doing can be defined as:
a. risky behavior
b. audience segregation
c. self-fulfilling prophecy
d. self-fulfilling stereotype
e. unfocussed interaction
audience segreagation
An ethomethodologist would likely study:
a. the conversations among roommates in a college dormitory
b. the connection between American dependence o foreign oil and the war in Iraq
c. the voting patterns of urban and rural communities
d. the bureaucratic structure of the education system
e. the lack of funding for the arts in the U.S.
the conversations among roommates in a college dormitory
The process of developmental socialization takes place when we are already adults. Even young adults need to understand and take care of this process. Which is the best example of developmental socialization?
a. a student who while studying, concentrates in understanding the meanings we can have while we are socializing and followed them
b. a father who goes everyday to work in a routine way
c. a soldier who needs training to go to war as well as when he/she comes back
d. young students who want to become parents need to look for older friends in how they are educating their children
e. an architect who has practiced his/her profession and decides to take more courses to become a better and more competent architect
an architect who has practiced his/her profession and decides to take more courses to become a better and more competent architect
T/F Socialization is a process in which culture stamps people into molds, ultimately undermining their individuality and free will.
False
According to Jean Piaget, not all adults have accomplished the formal operational stage
true
According to George Herbert Mead, a distinct sense of self is developed in the play stage through the process of "Taking the role of the other" when young children learn the guidelines and expectations asociated with a variety of roles
true
In the US, the elderly are generally a homogeneous group with little variation in physical and mental ability, class, political values, and sexual preference
false
Sociology has developed a single comprehensive theory about how the self develops
false
Ageism in the US is no loner a problem in our society; it has always been socially acceptable
false
According to Sigmund Freud, the id or inbon drive in our personality is the drive that constantly advice our moral drive
false
In an exchange, a task can be adequately performed by only one of the parties.
false
It is impossible to show emotions through e-mail and chat room conversatios
false
According to the sociological definition of encounters, all of our encounters are face-to-face
true
A fther as a bread winner of the family can asked (sp) his children certain activities and chores to develop as members of the family. This type of supportive interaction is call:
directed cooperation
A doctor reprimands his patient because she is not taking the prescribed medicine. This type of interaction is call:
oppositional interactions
According to Sigmund Freud, the ____ is the part of the personality that is rational.
ego
_____ is an interaction in which two individuals or groups of individuals disregard any rules, each trying to achieve their own goal by defeating the other individual or group.
conflict
Body language is the use of body movements as a means of communication; also called
kinesics
The use of space when people are having a conversation is call:
proxemics
For _____ the study of day to day interactions in our lives is an important part of Sociology we need to understand.
Erving Goffman
Old people can expereience frustration when other people hae prejudice and discrimination toward them. We called this
ageism
_____ studied our emotions and believes that basic modes of emotional expression are the same in all cultures.
Paul Ekman
I am not able to stay longer than one o'clock in the party because my parents do not allowed me to stay longer than one oclock in any party. I know you are going to stay until you want to. According to Lawrence Kohlberg, this stage is call:
postconventional morality