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42 terms

People, Places, and Change Chapter3

Chapter 3 in People, Places, and Change (by Holt Publications)
STUDY
PLAY
culture
a learned system of shared beliefs and ways of doing things that guide a person's daily behavior
culture region
area of the world in which people share certain culture traits
culture traits
elements of culture such as dress, food, or religious beliefs
ethnic groups
cultural groups of people who share learned beliefs and practices
multicultural
a mixture of different cultures within the same country or community
race
a group of people who share inherited physical or biological traits
acculturation
the process of cultural changes that result from long-term contact with another society
symbol
a word, shape, color, flag, or other sign that stands for something else
ethnocentrism
seeing differences in another culture as inferior
domestication
the growing of a plant or taming of an animal by a people for their own use
subsistence agriculture
a type of farming in which farmers grow just enough food to provide for themselves and their own families
commercial agriculture
a type of farming in which farmers produce food for sale
civilization
a highly complex culture with growing cities and economic activity
GNP - gross national product
vaule of all goods and services that a country produces in one year within or outside the country
GDP - gross domestic product
value of all goods and services produced within a country
industrialized countries
countries that rely more on industry than agriculture
literacy rate
percent of people who can read and write
developing countries
countries in different stages of moving toward development
third-world countries
developing countries that lack economic opportunities
market economy
an economy in which business owners and consumers make decisions about what to make, sell, and buy (CAPITALISM - USA)
command economy
an economy in which the government owns most of the industries and makes most of the economic decisions (USSR)
tradition-based economy
exchange of goods or services based on custom and tradition
mixed economy
an exchange of goods and services based on at least two other types of economic systems
one-crop economy
economy based on a single crop, such as bananas, sugarcane, or cacao
exports
products a country sells to other countries
imports
products a country buys from other countries
interdependence
depending on another country for resources or goods and services
birthrate
number of births per 1,000 people in a year
death rate
number of deaths per 1,000 people in a year
population density
the average number of people living within a set area
overpopulation
more people than a region or country can self-support
migration
movement of people
emigrant
person who leaves one place for another
immigrant
person who arrives from another country
globalization
process in which connections around the world increase and cultures around the world share similar practices
popular culture
widely shared beliefs, tastes, goals, and practices
refugees
people who flee to another country, usually for economic or political reasons
famine
a great shortage of food
humanitarian aid
medicine, food, and shelter that international relief agencies give to people in need
drought
period when little rain falls and crops are damaged
Miami
This city is considered the gateway to Latin America
K-State
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