15 terms

Global Politics AOS1 - Global Actors

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Multilateralism
System of coordinating relations and actions between three or more states, usually in pursuit of objectives in particular areas
Nation
Groups of people claiming common bonds based on culture, language and history. Some nations have their own state (Japan) whilst others want their own state (Tibet)
State
Traditionally the central actor in international relations, states possess a permanent population, defined territory, and recognised sovereignty. States are not necessarily culturally homogenous
Public Opinion
The collective opinion of many people on an issue or problem. Public opinion turning against many leaders in the Arab world led to the 'Arab Spring' uprisings
Global Governance
Institutions, rules, norms and legal arrangements that seek to facilitate cooperation, and manage relations between states. Governance is carried out by both governmental organisations such as the United Nations and nongovernmental organisations such as the International Criminal Court
Globalisation
Acceleration and intensification of exchanges of goods, services, labour, and capitol which promote global interdependence. These have been facilitated by rapid changes in communication and technology. Has widespread impacts on social, political, economic and cultural life
Power
The ability of one global actor to influence the actions of another global actor. Power can be exercised in a range of types and forms
Sovereignty
Legitimate or widely recognised ability to exercise effective control of a territory within recognised borders. Primary organising principle of global politics which proves states with the authority to represent their territorial entity within the international community
Two aims of the UN
1. Maintenance of international peace and security
2. To work together to help people live better lives
Two aims of the WTO
1. To liberalise world trade
2. Promote economic growth and stability
Two aims of a TNC
1. Maximise profits
2. Minimise costs
Two aims of the ICC
1. Ensure the worst perpetrators are held accountable for their crimes
2. Help promote international peace and security by deterring would be perpetrators
Two aims of the IMF
1. Assist with poverty reduction
2. Provide resources to help members in balance of payment difficulties
Two aims of ISIS
1. To establish a salafist-orientated caliphate in the region of Iraq and Syria and other parts of the Levant
2. To enforce Sharia law
Two aims of Amnesty International
1. For every person to enjoy all rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards
2. Pressuring governments to uphold their responsibilities
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