Military alliances, once designed to maintain a balance of power in Europe, became more a tool of potential intimidation and actually encouraged potential conflict.
The British, French, and Russians established the Triple Entente as a counter to the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, which had formed to protect each from the potential threat of either Great Britain, France, or Russia.
The Triple Alliance treaty called for secrecy, voiding the deterrent that a defensive alliance should produce.
Both alliances discussed potential gains should a war break out in Europe
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons Colonial economies were based partly on export of primary resources to the colonizing country or other foreign states. These raw commodities included, depending on the colony, cocoa, bananas, palm oil, rubber, copper, gold, or tin. In return, the colonies were obliged to import relatively expensive manufactured goods, such as textiles and housewares. Colonizing governments discouraged industrialization in their colonies to avoid competition with homeland manufacturing. * On becoming independent some ex-colonies started out already burdened by debt. In the 1970s those countries often took on more debt by accepting loans from the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund. The debt of non-oil producing countries increased fivefold between 1973 and 1982.
* Many developing countries could not keep up with loan repayments. This led international lenders to impose structural adjustments on debtor countries.
* This meant that debtor states had to reduce spending on other things, such as food subsidies, education, public health, and development projects.
*To attract foreign investment, poor countries often felt that they were forced to enter a race over which of them could provide the fewest regulations on foreign firms, the lowest wages, and the cheapest resources.
While development loans have in individual cases been helpful to low-income nations, structural adjustments have resulted in continued indebtedness, lack of resources for development, and a worsening of poverty.
* Beginning in the 1980s, citizens' groups, churches, some governments, and international organizations have led campaigns to cancel or at least reduce the poorest countries' debt obligations because repayments were crippling their economies. Appeals for debt relief have continued. They have achieved some, though mostly limited success.