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28 terms

The Science of Life

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hypothesis
an explanation based on experimentation that is the best science has to offer
form a new hypothesis
if a hypothesis isn't supported, a scientist should...
logical reasoning and interpretation
...are needed for scientific study
experimental
to test the effect of a certain vitamin on dogs, which group would get the vitamin?
resolution
the ability of a microscope to show details clearly is called
fine adjustment knob
to bring an image or specimen into clear, sharp focus, a student would use the...
homeostasis
the stable level of internal conditions in organisms
controlled experiment
an experiment in which all factors are the same except the one being tested
organizing data
constructing a graph is an example of this
function
in biology, structure is always related to
observations
all scientific knowledge is based on this
parents to offspring
reproduction involves the transfer of genetic information from...
4x
when placing a microscope slide in place for viewing, which objective lens should be in place?
reproduction
a mother guppy gives birth to twelve baby fish
energy use
a lioness hunts, kills, and consumes an antelope
response
a snake locates prey and strikes using heat sensors
organization
humans are composed of four major types of tissues
cells
amoebas are single-celled white jellyfish that are multicellular
response
a turtle retreats into its shell when startled
growth
a caterpillar transforms into a butterfly through metamorphosis
energy use
plants make glucose from sunlight and water
homeostasis
a polar bear's body temperature is constant, even in the arctic
growth
a 2000 year old sequoia tree was once a seedling
coarse adjustment knob
moves the body tube up and down to focus
diaphragm
controls the light entering the microscope
coarse adjustment knob
brings the object or slide into view
fine adjustment knob
brings the object into clear, sharp focus
stage
where you would place the slide on the microscope