Canada Citizenship - People
Some names compiled from Discover Canada guide to help remember who they were known for. Hope this is helpful to future citizens!
Terms in this set (66)
The 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, was a popular Governor General of Canada (1935-1940). 15th Governor General.
Olympian of Nova-Scotia is a descendant of black Loyalists, who in the 1780s fled to Canada from America, where slavery remained legal until 1863.
An italian immigrant to England, was the first to map Canada;s Atlantic shore in 1497 and claiming New Found Land for England.
The first european to explore St. Lawrence River (1534-1542) and to set eye on present-day Quebec City and Montreal. Claiming land for King Frances I of France.
Built a French empire in North America that reached from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico
Brigadier James Wolfe
Marquis de Montcalm
The commanders of British and French armies during France-British battle for North in 1759. Both were killed leading their troops in battle.
Pierre Le Moyne (Sieur d'iberville)
Was a great hero of New France winning many victories over the English in te late 17th and early 18th centuries.
Sir Guy Carleton (Lord Dorchester)
As a Governor of Quebec, defended the rights of the Canadiens. Defeated an American military invasion of Quebec in 1775 and supervised the Loyalist migration to Nova Scotia and Quebec in 1782-83
Haida artist Bill Reid carves a totem pole (picture)
Lieutenant-Colonel John Graves Simcoe
Upper Canada's first Lieutenant Governor and founder of the City of York (now Toronto). Simcoe also made Upper Canada the first province in the British Empire to abolish slavery.
Mary Ann Shadd Cary
an outspoken activist in the movement to abolish slavery in the U.S.A. In 1853 she became the first woman publisher in Canada, helping to found and edit The Provincial Freeman weekly newspaper.
Major-General Sir Isaac Brock and Chief Tecumseh
Together, British troops, First Nations and Canadian volunteers defeated an American invasion in 1812-14
In 1813 made a dangerous 19-mile (30-km) journey on foot to warn Lieutenant James FitzGibbon of a planned American attack. (heroine)
Major-General Robert Ross
In retaliation in 1814, led an expedition from Nova Scotia that burned down the White House and other public buildings in Washington, D.C.
Was sent to report on the 1837-38 rebellions, recommended that Upper and Lower Canada be merged and given responsible government.
Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché
Sir George-Étienne Cartier (from Quebec)
Sir John A. Macdonald (from Upper Canada)
Became Fathers of Confederation
Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine
Worked with British governors toward responsible government.
To protect Metis rights, he led an armed uprising and seized Fort Garry, the territorial capital (1969). Manitoba province was estbalished. A second rebellion in 1885 in present-day Saskatchewan led to Riel's trial and execution for high treason, a decision that was strongly opposed in Quebec. Seen by many as hero.
Major-General Sir Sam Steele
A great frontier hero, Mounted Policeman and soldier of the Queen
Was the Métis' greatest military leader (during years of Metis resistance)
Donald Smith (Lord Strathcona)
Scottish-born director of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), drove the last spike. 1985
Sir Wilfrid Laurier
became the first French-Canadian prime minister since Confederation and encouraged immigration to the West. His portrait is on the $5 bill.
Sergeant, Fort Garry Horse
Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1916 (WW1)
Sir Arthur Currie
A reserve officer, became Canada's greatest soldier. Under the command of General Sir Arthur Currie, the Canadian Corps advanced alongside the French and British Empire troops in the last hundred days. (WW1)
A farmer and teacher, became the first woman MP in 1921
Dr. Emily Stowe
The founder of women's suffrage movement in Canada, she was the first Canadian woman to practise medicine in Canada.
In 1921 Agnes Macphail, a farmer and teacher, became the first woman MP.
Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae
Composed the poem "In Flanders Fields" in 1915; it is often recited on Remembrance Day.
Was a Canadian track and field champion. Born in British Guiana, he won bronze medals for Canada in the 1928, 1932 and 1936 Olympics, then graduated from McGill University Medical School. He served as a captain in the Canadian Army during the Second World War.
Sir Charles G.D. Roberts
Some of Men and women of letters
Sir Ernest MacMillan and Healey Willan
Musicians, who won renown in Canada and abroad
"Writers, who have diversified Canada's literary experience.
painted the forests and Aboriginal artifacts of the West Coast
Les Automatistes of Quebec were pioneers of modern abstract art in the 1950s, most notably him.
From Quebec, was a celebrated sculptor of historical figures.
pioneered modern Inuit art with etchings, prints and soapstone sculptures
His films have been popular in Quebec and across the country, and have won international awards.
Norman Jewison and Atom Egoyan
Other noteworthy Canadian filmmakers.
In 1996 at the Olympic Summer Games, he became a world record sprinter and double Olympic gold medallist.
became a world Champion wheelchair racer and Paralympic gold medalist.
One of the greatest hockey players of all time, Wayne Gretzky, played for the Edmonton Oilers from 1979 to 1988.
In 1985, fellow British Columbian Rick Hansen circled the globe in a wheelchair to raise funds for spinal cord research.
Gerhard Herzberg(a refugee from Nazi Germany)
Richard E. Taylor
Nobel prize winners.
Olympic gold medallist and prominent activist for gay and lesbian Canadians
In 1972, Paul Henderson scored the winning goal for Canada in the Canada-Soviet Summit Series. This goal is often referred to as "the goal heard around the world" and is still remembered today as an important event in both sports and cultural history
Catriona Le May Doan
won a gold medal in speed skating at the 2002 Olympic Winter Games
the Governor General, in 1909, donated Grey Cup for Canadian Football League (CFL)
Alexander Graham Bell
hit on the idea of the telephone at his summer house in Canada.
invented the snowmobile, a light-weight winter vehicle
Sir Sandford Fleming
invented the worldwide system of standard time zones.
Matthew Evans and Henry Woodward
together invented the first electric light bulb and later sold the patent to Thomas Edison
contributed to the invention of radio, sending the first wireless voice message in the world.
Dr. Wilder Penfield
was a pioneering brain surgeon at McGill University in Montreal, and was known as "the greatest living Canadian."
Dr. John A. Hopps
invented the first cardiac pacemaker, used today to save the lives of people with heart disorders.
SPAR Aerospace / National Research Council
invented the Canadarm, a robotic arm used in outer space.
Mike Lazaridis and Jim Balsillie
of Research in Motion (RIM) — a wireless communications company known for its most famous invention: the BlackBerry.
Sir Frederick Banting and Charles Best
discovered insulin, a hormone to treat diabetes that has saved 16 million lives worldwide
28th Governor General since Confederation
The Clarkson Cup, established in 2005 by Adrienne Clarkson, the 26th Governor General (and the first of Asian origin), is awarded for women's hockey
Jazz pianist; receives the Order of Canada from Roland Michener, the 20th Governor General, in 1973.
Lieutenant Alexander Roberts Dunn
served in the British Army in the Charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava (1854) in the Crimean War, and was the first Canadian to be awarded the Victoria Cross.
Able Seaman William Hall
of Horton, Nova Scotia, whose parents were American slaves, was the first black man to be awarded the V.C. for his role in the Siege of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Corporal Filip Konowal
born in Ukraine, showed exceptional courage in the Battle of Hill 70 in 1917, and became the first member of the Canadian Corps not born in the British Empire to be awarded the V.C.
Flying ace Captain Billy Bishop
earned the V.C. in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War, and was later an honorary Air Marshal of the Royal Canadian Air Force.
Captain Paul Triquet
earned the V.C. leading his men and a handful of tanks in the attack on Casa Berardi in Italy in 1943 during the Second World War, and was later a Brigadier.
Lieutenant Robert Hampton Gray
was killed while bombing and sinking a Japanese warship in August 1945, a few days before the end of the Second World War, and was the last Canadian to receive the V.C. to date.
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