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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. culture and sensitivity testing
  2. Key concept
  3. penicillin-binding protein
  4. Chlamydia
  5. Oxazolidinones: linezolid (Zyvox)
  1. a Many bacterial cell walls contain this substance, that serves as a receptor for penicillin.
  2. b The process of growing out the pathogen and identifying the most effective antibiotic.
  3. c The aminoglycosides are narrow-spectrum drugs, most commonly prescribed for infections by aerobic, gram-negative bacteria. They have the potential to cause serious adverse effects such as ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and neuromuscular blockade.
  4. d as effective as vancomycin against MRSA
  5. e Veneral disease, endometriosis

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Some of broadest spectrums of any antibiotic class
    Large number of resistant bacterial strains
    •Drugs of choice for only a few diseases
    -Rocky Mountain spotted fever
    -Typhus, cholera, Lyme disease
    -Peptic ulcers caused by H. pylori
    -Chlamydial infections
    •Inhibit bacterial protein synthesis with bacteriostatic effect
    Tetracyclines—Adverse Effects
    •Bind with calcium and iron to decrease absorption by up to 50%
    -Do not take with milk.
    •Photosensitivity
    •Permanent yellow-brown tooth discoloration in children
    •Risk for superinfection is high
  2. Aminoglycoside
  3. The antibiotic that is known as the "last chance" drug, for treatment of resistant infections.
  4. Medications that treat by killing bacteria.
  5. The class of antibiotics is usually reserved for urinary tract infections and have serious adverse effects on hearing and kidney function.

5 True/False questions

  1. Key conceptAn organism that can cause disease.

          

  2. broad-spectrum antibioticsThe type of antibiotics that are more likely to cause superinfections.

          

  3. It is effective against a large number of organisms.Drugs that are effective against many different species of pathogens.

          

  4. anaerobicBacteria that grow best without oxygen.

          

  5. Miscellaneous—new•Cyclic lipopeptides: daptomycin (Cubicin)—used to treat serious skin infections
    •Carbapenems: imipenem (Primaxin) have some of the broadest spectrums
    •Carbapenems: imipenem (Primaxin) have some of the broadest spectrums
    •Ketolides: telithromycin (Ketek)—used for respiratory infections
    •Glycylcyclines:tigecycline (Tygacil)—used for drug-resistant abdominal infections and complicated skin infections