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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. Cefepime (Maxipime)
  2. Amoxicillin (Amoxil)
  3. Tetracyclines
  4. Aminoglycoside
  1. a Penicillin
  2. b The class of antibiotics is usually reserved for urinary tract infections and have serious adverse effects on hearing and kidney function.
  3. c Cephalosporin
  4. d Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, flatulence,
    diarrhea, mild phototoxicity, rash, dizziness,
    stinging/burning with topical applications
    **Anaphylaxis, secondary infections, hepatotoxicity,
    exfoliative dermatitis

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The drug of choice for the treatment of M. tuberculosis.
  2. The aminoglycosides are narrow-spectrum drugs, most commonly prescribed for infections by aerobic, gram-negative bacteria. They have the potential to cause serious adverse effects such as ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and neuromuscular blockade.
  3. Bacteria are described by their shape (bacilli, cocci, or spirilla), their ability to utilize oxygen (aerobic or anaerobic), and by their staining characteristics (gram positive or gram negative).
  4. as effective as vancomycin against MRSA
  5. The antibiotic that is known as the "last chance" drug, for treatment of resistant infections.

5 True/False questions

  1. They kill the infectious agent.The action of bacteriocidal drugs.


  2. host floraNormal microorganisms that inhabit the skin and the upper respiratory, genitourinary, and intestinal tracts.


  3. Penicillins•Most effective against gram-positive bacteria
    •Kill bacteria by disrupting cell wall with beta-lactam ring
    •Beta-lactamase or penicillinase is enzyme allowing bacteria to be resistant
    •New penicillins are penicillinase-resistant
    -Examples: oxacillin and cloxacillin
    •Combination drugs with beta-lactamase inhibitors
    -Examples: clavulanate, sulbactam, tazobactam
    •Penicillin—Adverse Effects
    •One of safest classes of antibiotic
    •Allergy most common adverse effect
    •If client allergic to penicillin, avoid cephalosporins
    -Possibility of cross-hypersensitivity
    •Other adverse effects
    -Skin rash; decreased RBC, WBC, or platelet counts


  4. Erythromycin (E-mycin)Macrolide


  5. superinfectionsOccurs secondarily to anti-infective therapy.