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Unit 3 THE GLOBAL LINGUISTIC MOSAIC
Chapters 8, 9, 10, 31
Means of communicating using signs, gestures or sounds
Variants of standard language
A group of languages that are thought to have descended from a single, common ancestral tongue
The languages commonality is more definite
People who speak their language but cannot write it
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
Languages spoken by about half the world's peoples
Union of languages
Break up of languages
Modification of a language by stronger cultures
Tracing language change
Process of finding a vocab of a distinct language and then going backwards.
Origin of Indo-European
Pre-Proto Indo-European language
2nd oldest, 2nd largest, less widely spread family
Oldest, largest and most widely spread distributed family
Speakers of this language arrived to North America last
Proto Indo-European started in a farming community (Anatolia)
Proto Indo-European began in the empire-building Kurgan culture (Ukraine)
The study of place names
Multilingual countries select a language to enhance communication
Countries in which only one language is spoken
Countries in which more than one language is in use.
A common language between 2 different language speakers
Combining parts of 2 or more languages
A pidgin that has become the native language of a group of people
An effort to create a world language
Belief that one race is more superior to another one
socially recognized cultural differences that set groups apart from each other
a society in which several ethnic groupings coexist, each living in communities or regions variously separate from the others
a small ethnic area in the rural countryside; sometimes called a folk island.
a culturally shared trait that gives an ethnic group a strengthened sense of awareness and self-identity
The regeneration of a long - dormant culture through internal renewal and external infusion.
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