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Terms in this set (67)
When speaking about the "Holocaust," what time period are we referring to?
How many Jews were murdered during the Holocaust?
How many non-jews were murdered during the Holocaust?
Which Jewish Communities suffered during the Holocaust?
Every European Country
What were the countries where most Jews were murdered?
Austria, Italy, Belgium, Latvia, Bohemia
What is a death camp? How many were there?
A death camp is a concentraiton camp designed for systematic murder. SIX: Auschwitz, Belzec, Chelmno, Majdenk, Sobior, Treblinka
What is the "final solution"?
Germany's plan to murder all of the Jews of Europe
When did the final solution begin?
June 1941, after Germany invaded the Soviet Union
How did the German define who was Jewish?
Anyone who had 2 Jewish Grandparents
How did the Germans treat those with Jewish Blood but weren't considered fully jewish?
Those with one jewish grandparent were drafted into war, but could not rise in status.
What were the first measures taken by the Nazi's against the jews?
Nuremburg laws: seperate streets, seperate schools, jewish star.
Did the Nazi's plan to murder the Jews at the head of their regime?
Yes, it wasn't until the Wannasee conference where they decided how to systematically murder them.
What was the first concentration camp/ who were the inmates?
Dauchu was opened the day after Hitler took office, the first inmates where those who were politically against him.
Which group of people in Germany were considered enemies of the state by Nazi's and were prosecuted?
Jews, Gypsies, people that opposed Nazi's, Jehovah's witness, homosexuals, mentally & physically disabled
What was the difference between the persecution of the jews from the persecuation of the other groups?
Jews were the only group singled out for systemic murder.
Why were the Jews singled out for extermination?
They were considered an obstruction to the Aryan Race. They were considered a race whose goal was world domination.
What did people in Germany know about the persecution of Jews?
The people of Germany were fully aware of the Nuremburg Laws. They fully knew of the camps; many disagreed but there were no major revolts.
Did all Germans support Hitler?
No not everyone agreed with Hitler, though there is no evidence of any large revolt against his killings.
Did the people of occupied Europe know about the Nazi Plans for the Jews? What was their attitude? Did they cooperate with the Nazi's against the jews?
The locals of the areas were in different about the camps, yet they did not speak out. A small group of those people actually helped carry out the killings.
Did the allies know about the events going on in Europe?
It was reported about the final solution because of the time period it was hard to filter out the information and severity to the west.
What was the response of the Allies to the persecution of the Jews? Could they of helped?
The were uncertain of the functions of the camps and had to see it for themselves before carrying out an attack.
Who are the Righteous among the nations?
The non-jews who aided Jews during the Holocaust
Were jews in the free world aware of the happenings?
Yes they were aware and planning to stop antisymetictism, yet they could not land on a goal.
Did the jews know what was going to happen to them?
No, they were told that they were going to re resettled.
How many Jews were able to escape from Europe?
What efforts were made to save the jews before WWII?
Countries listed out Visas, refugee work, etc.
Why were few jews able to escape prior to WWII?
What was Hilter's goal for WWII?
To establish the Aryan Race and its areas.
Was there any opposition to the Nazi's within Germany?
There were few groups who engaged in resistance.
Did the Jews try to fight against the Nazis? To what extent were such efforts successful?
Yes, Warsaw Ghetto revolt was successful with armed Jewish revolt.
What was a Judenrat?
The council of jews appointed by the Nazis.
US, great britian, France, Australia
annexation of Austria
the pure Germanic race, used by the Nazis to suggest a superior non-Jewish Caucasian typified by height, blonde hair, blue eyes
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II
Germany, Italy, Japan
Prime Minister of Great Britain from -1940. Famous for appeasing Hitler at the Munich Conference.
Prime Minister of Great Britain. Fearless against Germany.
In charge of transportation of Jews and extermination. Fled to Argentina then later brought to Isreal to be tried and executed. Only person to be executed by Isreal.
mobile killing squads
Nazi camps equipped with gassing facilities for mass murder of Jews
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
(1940-1946) Nazi administrative head of the General Government, 1939-1945. Tried and executed as a war criminal in Nuremberg.
Mass Murder of a particular race, ethnic group, relgion
Krackow, Warsaw, Lodz
German politician in Nazi Germany who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war (1893-1946)
Deputy to Hitler in the Nazi party person who dictated Mein Kampf
head of the Reich Security Service and administrator of the concentration camps.
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
jewish council formed by Germans as a way to issue orders to Jews and administer Jewish affairs
a Jewish prisoner in charge of other prisoners
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
a large city of central Poland
This death camp was the first liberated by the Allies.
Book written by Hitler while he was exiled, my struggle.
Known as the Angel of Death, was a Nazi German SS officer and a physician in Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp.
excluded german jews from reich citizenship and prohibited them from marrying or having sexual relations with germans
A concentration camp in POland known for the great escape
special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925
SS St. Louis
ship whose asylum seeking jews were not allowed to disembark in Cuba or the US and were forced to return to Germany
one of the death camps
A meeting in which the "Final solution" and use of concentration camps were decided in 1942, Heydrich was the chief executor of the "Final Solution". Held in Wannsee, Berlin
Saved more jews in schlinder, gave jews fake passports
An area of Warsaw sealed off by the Nazis to confine the Jewish population, forcing them into poor, unsanitary conditions
Famous nazi hunter. Survivor of concentration camps. After war he stated an organazation to track down nazis and dedicated his life to it. Most famous nazi he tracked down was Adolf Eichmann.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Vocab Unit 9-Pre-AP
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