18 terms

Grammer Terms

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clause
a group of related words containing one subject/ verb relationship
What are the two types of clauses?
independent and subordinate (dependent)
subordinate clause
subject/ verb relationship; cannot stand by itself, but depends on an independent clause to complete the thought
fragment
a dependent clause used alone
independent
a complete thought and can stand alone as a complete sentence
simple sentence
one independent clause
compound sentence
2 or more independent clauses
complex sentence
one independent clause plus one or more subordinate clauses
nostos
homecoming
hubris
putting yourself on a level of a god
xenia
guest/host relationship
in medias res
in the middle of
epithets
short, descriptive phrases used with a characters name
alliteration
the repetition of beginning consonant sounds
Example: The big black bear bit the big black bug.
personification
attributing human characteristic to things that are not human
Example: The sun stood tiptoe on the mountaintop.
parallelism
the repetition of similarly constructed phrases, clauses, verse lines, or sentences suggesting some correspondence between them
Example: He ran out the room, up the steps, and down the hall. (Prep phrases)
simile
comparing two unlike things by using "like" or "as"
Example: Her smile is like a ray of sunshine.
metaphor
comparing two unlike things by saying that one thing is another
Example: She was swayed and tossed on the stormy seas of love.