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38 terms

Chapter 2 AP Psych

STUDY
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phrenology
The 19th century theory that bumps on the skull reveal a person's abilities and traits is called
biological psychology
Professor Vescovo conducts research on the relationship between the limbic system and sexual motivation. Her research interests best represents the psychological specialty known as
neurons
dendrites are branching extensions of
axon
The extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body
Dendrites to the cell body to the axon
In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the __________ of a single neuron
Myelin sheath
The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)
action potential
A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the
synapse
Junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron
neurotransmitters
The chemical messengers released into the spatial junctions between neurons are called
muscular paralysis
When the release of ACh is blocked, the result is
endorphins
Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as
nervous system
The body's speedy, electrochemical information system is called the
interneurons
Information travels from the spinal cord to the brain via
Interneurons/ Cerebellum/ Motor neurons/ Reticular formation
In order for you to be able to run, __________ must relay messages from your central nervous system to your leg muscles
Limbic system/ Central nervous system/ Sympathetic nervous system/ Somatic nervous system
In order for you to experience the pain of a sprained ankle, __________ must first relay messages from your ankle to your central nervous system
spinal cord
The knee-jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons is the
neural networks
Interconnected clusters of neurons in the central nervous system
endocrine system
Hormones are the chemical messengers of the
pituitary
Which endocrine gland regulates body growth
lesion
Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n)
Brainstem/ Amygdala/ Hippocampus/ Corpus callosum
If your __________ is destroyed, the left side of your brain could not control the movement of your right hand
Reticular Formation
Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name?
playing the guitar
After Gary's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum Gary is most likely to have difficulty
Hypothalamus
The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the
seeing; hearing
The occipital lobes are to __________ as the temporal lobes are to __________
associative areas
The most extensive regions of the brain, which enable learning and memory, are called the
plasticity
After Jim lost a finger in an industrial accident, the area of his sensory cortex devoted to receiving input from that finger gradually became very responsive to sensory input from his adjacent fingers. This best illustrates
Epileptic seizures
Neurosurgeons have severed the corpus callosum in human patients in order to reduce
Corpus callosum
Information is most quickly transmitted from one cerebral hemisphere to the other by the
true
The right and left brains are specialized to handle different kinds of information, true or false
Wernicke's area
The brain structure that controls the ability to understand speech
Speaking
If you experience damage to Broca's area, you can expect to have difficulty
Limbic system
Which of the following brain structures is most closely associated with the regulation of emotion
stress
The sympathetic nervous system operated (or is in primary control) during periods of
sympathetic arousal
Bill, who is anticipating an exam he will take within the hour and for which he is unprepared, will experience high levels of what?
spinal cord
You touch a hot stove and pull your hand back. This reflexive action was most likely the result of activity in your
relieve pain
Opiate drugs bind onto the same receptor sites as the body's own endorphins
agonist
A chemical substance that mimics the action of a neurotransmitter is known as an