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42 terms

Chapter 5 AP Psych

STUDY
PLAY
sensation
The detection and encoding of stimulus energies by the nervous system is called:
perception
The process by which we select, organize, and interpret sensory information in order to recognize meaningful objects and events is called:
top down processing
The patient E.H. suffers from prosopagnosia and is unable to recognize her own face in a mirror. Her difficulty stems from a deficiency in:
signal detection theory
An exhausted forest ranger may notice the faintest scent of a forest fire , whereas much stronger but less important orders fail to catch her attention. This fact would be of greatest relevance to:
subliminal stimulation
Soothing musical audiotapes accompanied by faint and imperceptible verbal messages designed to increased a desire to lose weight best illustrate:
difference thresholds
Weber's law is relevant to an understanding of:
sensory adaptation
After listening to your high volume car stereo for 15 minutes, you fail to realize how loudly the music was blasting. This best illustrates:
sensory adaptation
Diminished sensitivity to an unchanging stimulus is known as:
transduction
The process by which our sensory systems convert stimulus energies into neural messages is called
Absolute threshold
Brightness
Hue
Difference threshold
The amplitude of electromagnetic waves determines the:
iris
The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by the
Accommodation
refers to the process by which the lens changes shape in order to focus images on the retina
pupil
The adjustable opening in the center of the eye is the:
iris
Dilation and constriction of the pupil are controlled by the:
retina
The light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the rods and cones, is the:
lens
As people grow older, they are most likely to need glass because the ______ loses its ability to change shape readily
parallel processing
The ability to simultaneously process the pitch, loudness, melody, and meaning of a song best illustrates:
Young-Helmholtz theory
Evidence that some cones are especially sensitive to red light, others to green light, and still others to blue light is most directly supportive of the
loudness
Brightness is to light as ___________ is to sound.
middle ear
Sound wave vibrations are transmitted by three tiny bones located in the:
cochlea
The coiled, fluid-filled tube in which sound waves trigger nerve impulses is called the:
location
Cocking your head would be most useful for detecting the ____________ of a sound.
middle ear
Sound wave vibrations are transmitted by three tiny bones located in the:
cochlea
The coiled, fluid-filled tube in which sound waves trigger nerve impulses is called the:
smell
Which of the following senses is best described as a chemical sense?
sensory interaction
A drink's strawberry odor enhances our perception of its sweetness. This best illustrates:
sensory compensation
Blind musicians are more likely than sighted ones to develop perfect pitch. This best illustrates:
color constancy
Even when seen through sunglasses, grass appears equally as green as it does without glasses. This best illustrates:
varies
The absolute threshold for any stimulus _________ somewhat
cones
What enables color vision, are highly concentrated in the foveal region of the retina, and have a higher absolute threshold for brightness than rods?
rod
The receptor of the eye that functions best in dim light is the:
The Young-Helmholtz theory
proposes that there are 3 different types of color sensitive cones
pressure
Of the 4 distinct skin senses, the only one that has definable receptors is:
large; close
According to the gate-control theory, a way to alleviate chronic pain would be to stimulate the ____ nerve fibers that _____ the spinal gate.
pain
What had no special receptors, no single stimulus, and is influenced by both physical and psychological phenomena?
Sweet, salty, unami
What are three basic tastes?
Signal detection theory
The impact of boredom and fatigue on people's absolute thresholds is highlighted by:
Sensory adaptation
If you move your watchband up your wrist an inch or so, you will feel it for only a few moments. This best illustrates:
Cornea, pupil, lens, retina
Which of the following is the correct order of the structures through which light passes after entering the eye?
nearsightedness
A condition in which the image falls in front of the retina is:
Phantom limb
The ____________ sensation indicated that the central nervous system plays only a minor role in the experience of pain
physiology, experiences and attention, and culture
Our experience of pain when we are injured depends on: