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8th grade-Easton

popular sovereignty

the idea that the authority of government comes from the people

legislative branch

lawmaking part of government, called legislature

executive branch

the part of government that 'executes' (carries out) the law

judicial branch

part of government consisting of Supreme Court and lower federal courts that intereprets the laws

judicial review

the power to decide whether the laws and actions by the legislative and executive brnaches conflict with the constitution

checks and balances

system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches

inerstate commerce

trade and other buisiness dealings that cross state lines


constitutional system that shares power between the national and state government

majority rule

when most poeple vote on the same law

interest group

an organized group that actively promotes the views of some part of the public on specific issues

the length of term of office for US House of Rep and Senate

two years for House of Rep and 6 years for Senators

The age you have to be, to be elected House of Rep or Senator

25 years for House, 30 for Senate

has to the power to to propose a tax law

Congress has this power

has the power to declare law

Congress has this power

the length of term of office for the President

four years

powers of the President

nominate ambassadors, Supreme Court justices, and US officials

commander in chief of the military


requirements to become elected President

must be born in US, have to live fourteen years in US

length of term of office for Supreme Court justices

for life

if a crime was committed in a specific state, where would the trial would be

state court

court that deal with issues between two states


court that deals with the ambassador

Supreme Court

who approves the President's appointments

Senate has this power

approves treaties with foreign countries


power to decide whether the laws are unconstitutional

judicial branch

propose amendments to the constitution

either the congress or the states have this power

approves the amendments to the constitution

legislatures have this power

law of the land


full faith and credit clause

honor the laws in other states and make them legal

regulates the interstate commerce

national government has this power

prints and coins money

national government has this power

"we the people"

constitution bases its authority on the people

"form a more perfect union"

build a nation that would take advantage of the strengths from states working together

"establish justice"

to be ruled by laws, not a king. and to have these rules be applied to everyone

"insure domestic tranquility"

keep peace inside the country

"provide for the common defense"

stating the national government would protect Americans from foreign invaders

"promote the general welfare"

support and economy and society on which people could prosper

"secure the blessings of liberty"

enjoy freedom now, and in the future

number of members in the House, and Senate

House: 435 Senate:100

head of executive branch


number of members of Supreme Court

nine justices

serve for 'good behavior', interprets the laws, protects the constitution, uses judicial review

judicial branch

why did framers make it possible to change the constitution but difficult to do so?

times were changing so the constitution would have to change too, but they still wanted a stable government

how can an amendment be proposed and ratified

proposed by 2/3 vote of each House of Congress, ratified by 3/4 vote of state legislatures

why did framers establish a federal system of government for the US

wanted to keep ... powers while still having a stong national government

regulate trades and dealings that crosses state lines

commerce clause has this power

advantages of having a common market

-goods and services would flow more easily across the country
-easier to develop businesses that crossed state lines
-create a single economy nation

principle of majority rule

make sure government is rules how the the majority of people want

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