48 terms

Bar Exam

8th grade-Easton
popular sovereignty
the idea that the authority of government comes from the people
legislative branch
lawmaking part of government, called legislature
executive branch
the part of government that 'executes' (carries out) the law
judicial branch
part of government consisting of Supreme Court and lower federal courts that intereprets the laws
judicial review
the power to decide whether the laws and actions by the legislative and executive brnaches conflict with the constitution
checks and balances
system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches
inerstate commerce
trade and other buisiness dealings that cross state lines
constitutional system that shares power between the national and state government
majority rule
when most poeple vote on the same law
interest group
an organized group that actively promotes the views of some part of the public on specific issues
the length of term of office for US House of Rep and Senate
two years for House of Rep and 6 years for Senators
The age you have to be, to be elected House of Rep or Senator
25 years for House, 30 for Senate
has to the power to to propose a tax law
Congress has this power
has the power to declare law
Congress has this power
the length of term of office for the President
four years
powers of the President
nominate ambassadors, Supreme Court justices, and US officials
commander in chief of the military
requirements to become elected President
must be born in US, have to live fourteen years in US
length of term of office for Supreme Court justices
for life
if a crime was committed in a specific state, where would the trial would be
state court
court that deal with issues between two states
court that deals with the ambassador
Supreme Court
who approves the President's appointments
Senate has this power
approves treaties with foreign countries
power to decide whether the laws are unconstitutional
judicial branch
propose amendments to the constitution
either the congress or the states have this power
approves the amendments to the constitution
legislatures have this power
law of the land
full faith and credit clause
honor the laws in other states and make them legal
regulates the interstate commerce
national government has this power
prints and coins money
national government has this power
"we the people"
constitution bases its authority on the people
"form a more perfect union"
build a nation that would take advantage of the strengths from states working together
"establish justice"
to be ruled by laws, not a king. and to have these rules be applied to everyone
"insure domestic tranquility"
keep peace inside the country
"provide for the common defense"
stating the national government would protect Americans from foreign invaders
"promote the general welfare"
support and economy and society on which people could prosper
"secure the blessings of liberty"
enjoy freedom now, and in the future
number of members in the House, and Senate
House: 435 Senate:100
head of executive branch
number of members of Supreme Court
nine justices
serve for 'good behavior', interprets the laws, protects the constitution, uses judicial review
judicial branch
why did framers make it possible to change the constitution but difficult to do so?
times were changing so the constitution would have to change too, but they still wanted a stable government
how can an amendment be proposed and ratified
proposed by 2/3 vote of each House of Congress, ratified by 3/4 vote of state legislatures
why did framers establish a federal system of government for the US
wanted to keep ... powers while still having a stong national government
regulate trades and dealings that crosses state lines
commerce clause has this power
advantages of having a common market
-goods and services would flow more easily across the country
-easier to develop businesses that crossed state lines
-create a single economy nation
principle of majority rule
make sure government is rules how the the majority of people want