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chapter 2 history
Terms in this set (46)
around 2340 BC the Sumerian city-states were conquered by the Akkadians under their leader ________.
Hittite kingdom ended and Egypt weakened
small kingdoms and city-states in western Asia emerged when ______
enabled civilization to emerge
farming in ancient Mesopotamia resulted in an abundance of food which _______
the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom
Modern historians have divided Egyptian history into three major period, known as
the sundial, a math system based on units of 40, and the wagon wheel
the sumerians invented all of the following technology
the mesopotamian religion, which identified nearly three thousand gods and goddesses, can be described as
Osiris is an important figure in Egyptian religion who symbolizes
road systems and way stations
contributed to the efficient system of communication that was crucial to sustainging the Persian empire.
basis for English alphabet
importance of the Phoenician alphabet?
the development of the Egyptian civilization was influenced most closely by
sun and moon
the Egyptians developed an accurate 365-day calendar by basing their year on
the invention of cuneiform is credited to
Nile River flooded
the history of Egypt begins around 3100 BC when the
taught humans had free choice, Ahuramazda was the supreme God, Ahriman was the evil spirit
known for his law code, a collection of 282 laws
The religion of Judaism differed from the other religions of the time in that it was
a distinct group that was organized in tribes who established a united kingdom
Ancient Israel was at the height of its power under this king
Hittite Empire was destroyed by
restraint and wisdom
When Cyrus the great captured Babylon, he showed
the king of the Chaldeans who rebuilt Babylon
Which leader of the Persian Empire extended it to become the largest empire the world had seen yet?
The jews believed that God made a contract with the people called a
Epic of Gilgamesh
the most famous piece of Mesopotamian literature
the first empire in world history was the ______ Empire.
especially known for committing atrocities on their captives
overran the Sumerian city-states and set up the 1st empire in world history
Around 2340 BC Sargon, leader of the Akkadians, _____________.
everyone accepted him as a ruler
Cyrus the Great showed such wisdom and compassion when he conquered Babylon that
scattered Israelite tribes
What are the "Ten Lost Tribes"?
a large political unit or state, usually under a single leader, controlling many peoples and territories is
a simplifies version of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing; used for business transactions, record keeping, and the general needs of daily life
By the time of ______, the Persion kings had created a standing army known as the Immortals because their numbers were never allowed to fall under 10,000.
a government ruled in which leaders rule by divine authority
"wedge shaped" system pf writing developed by the Sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge shaped impressions on a clay tablet
"protector of the Kingdom"; the governor of a province of the Persian empire under Darius
"priest carvings" or "sacred writings"; a complex system of writing that used both pictures and more abstract forms; used by Egyptians and the Mayans
having many gods
the most common of the various titles for ancient Egyptian monarchs
one of the 20 provinces into which Darius divided the Persian empire
dominated by men
having one god
a person who domesticated animals for food and clothing and moves along regular migratory routes to provide a steady source of nourishment for those animals.
a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family
government by a sovereign ruler such as a king or queen
a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
an administrative organization that relies on non-elective officials and regular procedures
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Matemáticas / Sumas / Problemas 6
Chapter 5 World History
Bill of Rights, THE BILL OF RIGHTS
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