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In the "anatomic position" the palms of the hands are facing:
a. Backward
b. Forward
c. Up
d. Down


A plane passing through the body parallel with the mid-sagittal plane is termed:
a. Coronal
b. Sagittal
c. Axial
d. Oblique


A plane passing vertically through the body from side to side is termed:
a. Oblique
b. Sagittal
c. Coronal
d. Horizontal


All of the following are located in the thoracic cavity. Except:
a. Trachea
b. Spleen
c. Lungs
d. Esophagus


The lower center region on the illustration in the figure above is the: (lowest middle region)
a. Epigastrium
b. Lumbar
c. Inguinal
d. Hypogastrium


Which one of the following is not one of the four types of body habitus?
a. Atrophic
b. Sthenic
c. Asthenic
d. Hypersthenic


The adult skeleton is composed of how many bones?
a. 185
b. 200
c. 206
d. 208

medullary cavity

Long bones have a central cylindrical cavity called the:
a. Meniscus
b. Periosteum
c. Medullary cavity
d. Spongy tissue


After birth, a separate bone begins to develop at the ends of long bones. Each end is called the:
a. diaphysis
b. epiphysis
c. epiphyseal line
d. epiphyseal plate


A hole in a bone for transmission of blood vessels and nerves is called a :
a. Groove
b. Foramen
c. Fissure
d. Facet


A term that means the same as anterior is:
a. Plantar
b. Distal
c. Dorsal
d. Ventral


The term that refers to parts away from the head of the body, or angling the central ray toward the feet is:
a. Caudad
b. Cephalad
c. Medial
d. Proximal


The term that refers to parts nearer the point of attachment, or origin, is:
a. Distal
b. Proximal
c. Caudad
d. Cephalad


The term used to describe the sole of the foot is:
a. Ventral
b. Posterior
c. Plantar
d. Dorsal

1 and 2

Which of the following terms are used to describe x-ray "projections"?
(1) AP
(2) PA axial
(3) Supine
a. 1 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 2 and3
d. 1, 2, and 3

1 and 3

Which of the following terms are used to describe "body position"?
(1) Upright
(2) Axial
(3) Prone
a. 1 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2, and 3


If the central ray enters the anterior body surface and exits the posterior body surface, the x-ray projection is termed:
a. PA
b. AP
c. Lateral
d. Axiolateral


The x-ray projection identified in the figure above is: (projection of the zygomatic arch. central ray skims surface of the skull.)
a. Tangential
b. PA axial oblique
c. Orbitoparietal
d. Parietoorbital


Which of the following terms is used to describe a patient placed "lying on the back"?
a. Supine
b. Prone
c. Lateral
d. Recumbent

right lateral recumbent

The patient in the figure above is placed in which of the following positions? (The patient is lying with their right side on the table)
a. Dorsal recumbent
b. Right lateral recumbent
c. Left lateral decubitus
d. Trendelenburg's

closest to the IR

Oblique positions are always named according to the side of the patient that is:
a. Closest to the x-ray tube
b. The source of pathology
c. Closest to the IR
d. Farthest from the IR


The patient in the figure above is placed in which of the following positions? (The patient is lying obliquely with their left side side closest to the IR. Patient is lying prone)
a. RPO
b. LPO
c. RAO
d. LAO

PA oblique

The body position depicted below results in which x-ray projection? (Patient is lying in the RAO position for chest x-ray)
a. PA oblique
b. AP oblique
c. Recumbent
d. Mediolateral


Forced or excessive extension of a limb or part is termed:
a. Eversion
b. Inversion
c. Hyperextension
d. Hyperflexion


If the foot is truned inward at the ankle joint, the body movement is termed:
a. Inversion
b. Eversion
c. Flexion
d. Extension


Turning the forearm so that the palm of the hand is up is termed:
a. Pronation
b. Supination
c. Abduction
d. Adduction


Which of the following planes divides the body into superior or inferior portions?
a. Horizontal
b. Oblique
c. Mid-sagittal
d. Mid-coronal


Which plane specifically divides the body into equal right and left halves?
a. Axial
b. Transverse
c. Mid-coronal
d. Mid-sagittal


The plane that divides the body into equal posterior and anterior halves is termed the:
a. Horizontal
b. Longitudinal
c. Mid-coronal
d. Mid-satittal


The longest lungs will be found in which type of body habitus?
a. Sthenic
b. Asthenic
c. Hyposthenic
d. Hypersthenic

epiphyseal line

The area of the bone indicated on the figure above is the:
a. Periosteum
b. Endosteum
c. Compact bone
d. Epiphyseal line

epiphyseal line

Near the age of 21, full ossification occurs between the ends and the central shaft of long bone that's a moderately visible area where the bones join is called the:
a. Epiphyseal line
b. Epiphyseal plate
c. Primary center of ossification
d. Secondary center of ossification

synovial joints

Which structural joint group contains joints that are all freely movable?
a. Hinge joints
b. Fibrous joints
c. Synovial joints
d. Cartilaginous joints


Tipping or slanting a body part slightly is termed:
a. Extension
b. Eversion
c. Tilting
d. Oblique

Left lower quadrant

The portion of the abdominal cavity labeled as D above is the: (quadrant at the bottom on the anatomical left)
a. Right upper quadrant
b. Left upper quadrant
c. Left upper quadrant
d. Left lower quadrant


The primary controlling factor of radiographic contrast is:
a. mA
b. time
c. kVp
d. SID

positioned towards the ceiling

Radiographs of the hands, wrist, feet and toes are routinely displayed on the illuminator with the digits:
a. Positioned towards the ceiling
b. Positioned towards the floor
c. Horizontal and pointed to the left
d. Horizontal and pointed to the right

Object-to-image receptor distance (OID) and source-to-image distance (SID)

The controlling factors for magnification are:
a. Density and contrast
b. Object-to-image receptor distance (OID) and source-to-image distance (SID)
c. Central ray angle and central ray alignment
d. Part/image receptor alignment and SID

1 and 2

Involuntary motion can be caused by which of the following?
(1) Peristalsis
(2) Spasm
(3) Breathing
a. 1 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2, and 3

1, 2, and 3

Federal guidelines require gonad shielding for which of the following:
(1) When the gonads lie in the primary beam
(2) If the clinical objective of the exam is not compromised
(3) When the patient has reasonable reproductive potential
a. 1 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2, and 3


Which of the following must be cleaned after every patient?
a. Collimator
b. Tabletop
c. Gonad shields
d. X-ray tube

1 ½ to 2 inches

How far above the shoulders should the IR be positioned for PA and lateral chest radiographs?
a. 1 inch
b. 2 inches
c. 3 inches
d. 1 ½ to 2 inches

back of the hands on the hips

Where are the hands placed for a PA projection of the chest?
a. Back of the hands on the hips
b. Palm of the hands on the hips
c. Back of the hands on the lateral thighs
d. Palm of the hands on the lateral thighs


What is the central-ray angle for a PA chest radiograph?
a. 5 degrees caudad
b. 5 degrees cephalad
c. 5 to 7 degrees caudad
d. Perpendicular

Full inspiration—second breath

What is the optimal respiration phase for a PA or lateral chest radiograph?
a. Full inspiration—first breath
b. Full expiration—first breath
c. Full inspiration—second breath
d. Full expiration—second breath


How many ribs should be visible above the diaphragm on a PA chest radiograph?
a. 9
b. 10
c. 11
d. 12

mid-sagittal plane

Which plane must be accurately parallel with the IR to prevent distortion of the thoracic structures during a lateral chest radiograph?
a. Coronal plane
b. Horizontal plane
c. Transverse plane
d. Mid-sagittal plane

1, 2, and 3

Which of the following are advantages of using an SID of 72 inches for chest radiography?
(1) Decreased magnification of the heart
(2) Sharper outlines of the delicate lung structures
(3) Greater penetration of the mediastinum
a. 1 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2, and 3

Patient's heart is closer to the IR

Why is the left lateral chest position the most commonly used for lateral radiographs of the chest?
a. Less chance of body rotation
b. Patient's heart is closer to the IR
c. There is greater magnification of the heart
d. Easier to visualize interlobar fissures

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