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Seven Kinds of Pronouns
personal, demonstrative, interrogative, indefinite, reflexive, intensive, and relative.
Uses of Pronouns
subject, predicate nominative, pronoun of direct address, object of preposition, direct object, indirect object, adjective, or pronoun in apposition.
Pronoun Use and Case must agree
nominative - S, PN, PDA, ProApp
objective - OP, DO, IO, ProApp
Possessive - ADJ, [S,PN]
used to designate or to point out some definite person, place, or object and may be used to avoid repetition of a noun.
Gender of demonstrative pronouns
determinied by its antecedent, but if it is used as an adjective, it takes the gender of the noun it modifies.
appear in place of unnamed people, places, or objects and are used in asking questions. Used as nouns or adjectives.
Gender of Interrogative Pronouns
determined by its antecedent, but if it is used as an adjective, it takes the gender of the noun it modifies.
Steps to choose between "who" and "whom"
1. Change the question to a statement.
i.e. (Who, Whom) did Mr. Wims choose?
change to" Mr. Wims did choose he or him?
2. If "he" fits, choose who, which is in the nominative case.
3. If "him" fits, choose whom, which is in the objective case.
used as pronouns in apposition. They intensify the noun or pronoun that immediately preceds them. Renames the subject and may appear at the end of the sentence.
used as objects and always refer to the subject. May be used as a predicate nominative.
To determine if the pronoun is a reflexive or intensive pronoun.....
move the pronoun ending in -self next to the word it emplasizes and say the two words together. If the pronoun containing -self does not make sense or changes the meaning of the sentence in that position, it is reflexive. (i.e. She is not herself today. Change to "She herself is not today. The second example does not make sense; therefore, herself is reflexive). If it does make sense, the prnoun is intensive.
essential to the sentence. required for sentence clarity and is not set off by commas.
not essential to the sentence and is not required to make the meaning of the sentence clear. It is set off by a comma or commas.
Indefinite Singular Pronouns
anyone, anybody, anything, someone, somebody, something, everyone, everybody, everything, no one, nobody, nothing, each, either, neither, one, every, much
Can WHOSE, MINE, OURS, AND HIS, be used as the subject of a sentence even though the subject is a nominative case use?
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