People to Remember from American History - the 1800's

Here are names and descriptions of people to remember for American history during the 1800's.
Thomas Jefferson
Principal author of the Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States
Meriweather Lewis
Thomas Jefferson's friend and secretary who was commissioned by Jefferson in 1803 to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase
William Clark
Co-captain of the expedition to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase
Shoshone woman who translated for Lewis and Clark
Napoleon Bonaparte
Emperor of France who conquered most of Europe
Horatio Nelson
British Admiral who established Britain's naval supremacy, which lasted throughout the 1800's
James Madison
Fourth President of the United States (1809 - 1817). He was the principal author of the Constitution of the United States.
Francis Scott Key
Author of "The Star Spangled Banner"
Eli Whitney
American inventor who invented the cotton gin
Robert Fulton
American engineer and inventor who developed the first commercially successful steamboat
Andrew Jackson
Seventh President of the United States
Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901
Prince Albert
Husband of Queen Victoria
William Wilberforce
Leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade in Britain
De Witt Clinton
Governor of New York who advocated building the Erie Canal
Samuel F. B. Morse
Inventor and painter who built the first American telegraph around 1835
William Travis
Commanded the Texans who died defending the Alamo
Jim Bowie
Inventor of a hunting knife which was called the Bowie Knife. He died defending the Alamo.
Davy Crockett
Frontiersman from Tennessee and member of the U.S. House of Representatives who died fighting for Texas' independence at the Alamo
Sam Houston
Politician and military leader whose army won a battle against Mexican forces and gained independence for Texas
Florence Nightingale
English nurse during the Crimean War who helped improve nursing practices and the condition of hospitals
Karl Marx
Author of the Communist Manifesto
Charles Darwin
English biologist who developed the theory of evolution and wrote The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
Harriet Tubman
Former slave who helped hundreds of slaves escape slavery
Sojourner Truth
Former slave who spoke out against slavery and for women's rights
Amelia Bloomer
Advocate of women's rights who became famous in 1851 for her "bloomers"
Levi Strauss
Founded Levi Strauss & Co, the first company to manufacture blue jeans, in 1853 in San Francisco, California
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, a novel which changed how many Americans viewed slavery
Frederick Douglas
Former slave who became a leader of the abolitionist movement
Abraham Lincoln
The sixteenth president of the United States
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States during the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant
Union general of the Civil War and 18th President of the United States
Robert E. Lee
Commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War
William T. Sherman
General in the Union Army of the Civil War who captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea
Stonewall Jackson
Confederate general of the Civil War
John Wilkes Booth
Actor who shot and killed President Lincoln
Clara Barton
Civil War nurse who established the American Red Cross
Louis Pasteur
French biologist and chemist who invented pasteurization and created the first vaccine for rabies and anthrax
Joseph Lister
British surgeon who promoted the use of antiseptics to sterilize instruments used in surgery and to clean wounds
David Livingston
Scottish explorer of Africa
Alexander Graham Bell
Inventor of the telephone
Thomas Edison
Inventor of the incandescent electric light bulb , the phonograph, and the motion picture camera
General George Custer
American Civil War general who was defeated and at the Battle of Little Bighorn
Sitting Bull
Sioux war chief who defeated Custer's troops at the Battle of the Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876
Chief Joseph
Leader of the Nez Perce tribe who fought for the freedom of his people to keep their home
Buffalo Bill Cody
American showman who was famous for his Wild West Show
Annie Oakley
American sharpshooter who was featured in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
Jesse James
Famous American outlaw who robbed banks, stagecoaches, and trains
Helen Keller
American author and political activist who was deaf and blind from early childhood