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Here are names and descriptions of people to remember for American history during the 1800's.

Thomas Jefferson

Principal author of the Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States

Meriweather Lewis

Thomas Jefferson's friend and secretary who was commissioned by Jefferson in 1803 to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase

William Clark

Co-captain of the expedition to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase


Shoshone woman who translated for Lewis and Clark

Napoleon Bonaparte

Emperor of France who conquered most of Europe

Horatio Nelson

British Admiral who established Britain's naval supremacy, which lasted throughout the 1800's

James Madison

Fourth President of the United States (1809 - 1817). He was the principal author of the Constitution of the United States.

Francis Scott Key

Author of "The Star Spangled Banner"

Eli Whitney

American inventor who invented the cotton gin

Robert Fulton

American engineer and inventor who developed the first commercially successful steamboat

Andrew Jackson

Seventh President of the United States

Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901

Prince Albert

Husband of Queen Victoria

William Wilberforce

Leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade in Britain

De Witt Clinton

Governor of New York who advocated building the Erie Canal

Samuel F. B. Morse

Inventor and painter who built the first American telegraph around 1835

William Travis

Commanded the Texans who died defending the Alamo

Jim Bowie

Inventor of a hunting knife which was called the Bowie Knife. He died defending the Alamo.

Davy Crockett

Frontiersman from Tennessee and member of the U.S. House of Representatives who died fighting for Texas' independence at the Alamo

Sam Houston

Politician and military leader whose army won a battle against Mexican forces and gained independence for Texas

Florence Nightingale

English nurse during the Crimean War who helped improve nursing practices and the condition of hospitals

Karl Marx

Author of the Communist Manifesto

Charles Darwin

English biologist who developed the theory of evolution and wrote The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

Harriet Tubman

Former slave who helped hundreds of slaves escape slavery

Sojourner Truth

Former slave who spoke out against slavery and for women's rights

Amelia Bloomer

Advocate of women's rights who became famous in 1851 for her "bloomers"

Levi Strauss

Founded Levi Strauss & Co, the first company to manufacture blue jeans, in 1853 in San Francisco, California

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, a novel which changed how many Americans viewed slavery

Frederick Douglas

Former slave who became a leader of the abolitionist movement

Abraham Lincoln

The sixteenth president of the United States

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States during the Civil War

Ulysses S. Grant

Union general of the Civil War and 18th President of the United States

Robert E. Lee

Commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War

William T. Sherman

General in the Union Army of the Civil War who captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea

Stonewall Jackson

Confederate general of the Civil War

John Wilkes Booth

Actor who shot and killed President Lincoln

Clara Barton

Civil War nurse who established the American Red Cross

Louis Pasteur

French biologist and chemist who invented pasteurization and created the first vaccine for rabies and anthrax

Joseph Lister

British surgeon who promoted the use of antiseptics to sterilize instruments used in surgery and to clean wounds

David Livingston

Scottish explorer of Africa

Alexander Graham Bell

Inventor of the telephone

Thomas Edison

Inventor of the incandescent electric light bulb , the phonograph, and the motion picture camera

General George Custer

American Civil War general who was defeated and at the Battle of Little Bighorn

Sitting Bull

Sioux war chief who defeated Custer's troops at the Battle of the Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876

Chief Joseph

Leader of the Nez Perce tribe who fought for the freedom of his people to keep their home

Buffalo Bill Cody

American showman who was famous for his Wild West Show

Annie Oakley

American sharpshooter who was featured in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show

Jesse James

Famous American outlaw who robbed banks, stagecoaches, and trains

Helen Keller

American author and political activist who was deaf and blind from early childhood

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