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Terms in this set (10)
An ideology developed by those who supported the status quo and were resistan to change. Desire to conserve power, status, aristocracy. Prefer the familiar to the unknown, fact to mystery, actual to possible, reality to illusion.
Conservatives don't believe that human nature can be perfected. Inherent flaws and limitations in human nature make it reckless to undergo social transformation.
Edmund Buque (1727- 1797)
The Father of Conservatism. Argued against dramatic break with customs. Said French revolution, it would only lead to chaos.
Society needed a greater order of structure, being part of the whole would provide individuals with more happiness and ensure they knew their place in society. Before everything was about the individual, he talks importance of the social group as opposed to the individual. Society needs ppl to know their limitations and understand their role in the big pic.
The idea of prejudice - judging by previous experiences.
Conservatism and change
If its not broken, don't fix it. Historically conservatives have been very fond of the state. Sceptical of change. But agree technological innovations were necessary as long as the good things don't change and as long as change is gradual.
Conservatism and the state
The state was necessary to achieve and maintain social order. Believed in hierarchy of crown, nobility and the church.
The idea that those who have higher rank and wealth should contribute to those who are less fortunate. Better approach than the liberals and less extreme than redistribution of wealth (socialist)
Conservatives with a conscience.
While maintaining many conservative principles, upheld some liberal and socialist policies. Takes proactive approach to implement social security legislation.
Similar to the liberals (Adam Smith)- believe that the free market has the inherent ability to balance and restore itself.
Europe vs Britain conservatism
Europe- nostalgic for the ideal of Europe pre French Rev.
Limited acceptance of welfare state
British- emerged as a reaction to radical change of French rev. Already had a parliamentary system. Did not destroy the welfare state, it slow it down. The preservation of the church
Rise of neoconservatism in 80s & 90s in US. During Bush senior and jr, invasion to Iraq. Use of government power to promote domestic and foreign conservatism and democracy. American neo-conservatives advocate for the preservation of customs and laissez-faire economics (from liberalism). Promote government intervention in the private lives of citizens (the patriot act)
Preserve the status quo, supportive of the traditional family.
Promote reduced social spending and downsizing of government activities.
Deregulation of business
Equality of right (classical liberal)
See the government as the protector of morality and social responsibility.
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