1. Cosimo's grandson Lorenzo, known as the "the Magnificent," was also a generous patron, or financial supporter, of the arts.
2. At Lorenzo's invitation, poets, and philosophers frequently visited the Medici palace. Artists learned their craft by sketching ancient Roman statues displayed in the Medici gardens.
3. The Medicis' great wealth and influence transformed Florence. It came to symbolize the energy and brilliance of the Italian Renaissance. It produced a dazzling number of gifted poets, artists, architects, scholars, and scientists in a relatively short span of time
1. Artist Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) had an endless curiosity that fed a genius for invention.
2. He made sketches of nature and of models in his studio, and dissected corpses to learn how bones and muscles work. As a result, his paintings gripped people with realism, like in The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
3. He thought of himself as an artist and yet his talents and accomplishments ranged over many areas, including botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture, and engineering. He made sketches for flying machines and undersea boats centuries before the first airplane or submarine was actually built. Though most of his paintings are lost today, his many notebooks survive as a testament to his genius and creatvity
1. A few years younger than Michelangelo, Raphael (1483-1520)was widely admired both for his artistic talent and "his sweet and gracious nature."
2. he studied the works of the great masters but developed his own style of painting that blended Christian and classical styles. He is best known for his tender portrayals of the Madonna, the mother of Jesus. In The School of Athens, Raphael pictured an imaginary gathering of great thinkers and scientists, including Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and the Arab philosopher Averroes.
3. With typical Renaissance self-confidence, Raphael included the faces of Michelangelo, Leonardo, and himself
1. He was born in Eisleben, HRE in 1483. He grew up in a strict, middle class household. In 1501, he attended the University of Erfurt where he earns a bachelors degree, and the moves on to attain a law degree.
2. On July 2, 1505, he has a conversion while riding back to university when he gets stuck in a thunderstorm. he then immediately drops out of law school to become an Augustinian monk. Then he lives an extremely deprived, spiritual life, but he finds no consolation.
To stop his introspection, his superiors sent him to Wittenberg to earn his doctorate in theology and to teach. 3. At Wittenberg is where Luther lashed out against the corruption of the Church, especially with the selling of indulgences by writing the 95 Theses.
1. During the Renaissance Church, most of the clergy, including the popes, neglected their vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience
2. To pay for their wars, art, and lifestyle, popes begim to increase Church fees for the sacraments. They also begin the sale of indulgences, or a papal decree which lessons a soul's time in Purgatory.
3. An indulgence is theologically correct, but it was not unti Julius II that they were sold for profit. Pope Leo X began a large push for indulgence selling to complete the dome on St. Peter's Basilica