12 terms

ISS 202 Exam 1

A key element in the sociological imagination is the ability to view ones own society as an...
Ethnocentrism is the tendency to assume that ones own culture and way of life represent the norm or the superior to all other. Therefore, ethnocentrism fosters cohesion in a group. This observation would best reflect this sociological perspective?
Functionalist perspective
Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that nonverbal communication, such as the frequency of individuals touching each other during a conversation, varies from one culture to another?
interactionist perspective
The self is the...
distinct identity that sets us apart from others
The looking glass self is the...
phrase used by Charles Horton Cooley to emphasize that the self is the product of our social interactions with others
What is the first part of Charles Horton Cooley's "looking-glass self" is...
imagining how we present ourselves to others
The 'taken for granted' aspect of culture is most representative of which sociological perspective?
interactionist perspective
Charles Horton Cooley is responsible for developing the concept of...
the looking-glass self
According to Charles Horton Cooley's concept of the looking-glass self, development of one's self-identity based on misperceptions may lead to...
a negative self-identity
"A static phenomenon, continually developing and changing, learned" is what?
According to George Herbert Meads stages of the self, the preparatory stage occurs...
when children imitate the people around them, particularly family members
A U.S. sociologist receives a grant to study racial and religious prejudice among the people of southeast asia. The sociologist makes a serious and unbiased effort to evaluate the norms, values, and customs of these groups in light of the distinctive culture of which they are a part. This is an example of...
Cultural relativism