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total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group


a group that shares a geographic region, a sence of identity, and culture

ethnic group

a group that shares language, customs and a common heritage


taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need


spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior

cultural hearth

site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to many cultures


occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation


reflects changes in speech patterns related to class, regions, or other cultural changes


belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe

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