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455 terms

A&K Final

STUDY
PLAY
BASIC INFORMATION:
THE STUDY OF MOVEMENT
KINESIOLOGY
MECHANICAL PRINCIPLES THAT RELATE DIRECTLY TO THE HUMAN BODY
BIOMECHANICS
FORCES CAUSING MOVEMENT
KINETICS
THE TIME, SPACE, AND MASS ASPECTS OF A MOVING SYSTEM
KINEMATICS
ANTERIOR ASPECT OF BODY, PALMS NEUTRAL
FUNDAMENTAL POSITION
ANTERIOR ASPECT OF BODY, PALMS FORWARD
ANATOMICAL POSITION
WHEN VIEWING THE FUNDAMENTAL OR ANATOMICAL POSITION, YOU ARE OBSERVING WHAT SURFACE?
ANTERIOR/VENTRAL
IPSILATERAL
SAME SIDE
CONTRALATERAL
OPPOSITE SIDE
TIBIA LOCATION
MEDIAL BONE OF LOWER LEG
FIBULA LOCATION
LATERAL BONE OF LOWER LEG
RIBS IN RELATION TO SCAPULA, LOCATION
ANTERIOR
WHICH END IS ELBOW JOINT OF HUMERUS?
DISTAL
A MUSCLE THAT LIES UNDERNEATH ANOTHER IS CONSIDERED TO BE WHAT?
DEEP
HEAD IS ______ TO THE CHEST
SUPERIOR
THE _____ END OF THE TIBIA IS AT THE KNEE JOINT
PROXIMAL
THE GREAT TOE IS ON THE ______ SIDE OF THE FOOT
MEDIAL
THE EYES ARE ______ SUPERIOR AND _____ LATERAL TO THE MOUTH
SUPERIOR; LATERAL
THE RADIUS IS ON THE _____ SIDE OF THE FOREARM
LATERAL
THE ULNA IS ON THE _____ SIDE OF THE FOREARM
MEDIAL
THE SCAPULA IS ON THE _____ SIDE OF THE TRUNK
POSTERIOR
THE SHOULDER GIRDLE IS _____ TO THE PELVIC GIRDLE
SUPERIOR
SKIN IS _____ TO MUSCLE
SUPERFICIAL
HUMERUS, LOCATION
ARM
RADIUS, LOCATION
FOREARM
FINGERS, LOCATION
HAND
FEMUR, LOCATION
THIGH
TIBIA, LOCATION
LEG
TOES, LOCATION
FOOT
CHEST, LOCATION
THORAX
PELVIS, LOCATION
ABDOMEN
CERVICAL VERTEBRAE, LOCATION
NECK
NAME AND DESCRIBE THE 2 TYPES OF LINEAR MOTION
RECTILINEAR: STRAIGHT LINE
CURVILINEAR: CURVED PATH
IN WHICH TYPE OF MOTION DOES ALL THE PARTS MOVE THE SAME DISTANCE:
LINEAR
IN WHICH TYPE OF MOTION DOES ALL THE PARTS MOVE DIFFERENT DISTANCES:
ANGULAR
MOVING THE THIGH FORWARD AND UPWARD
FLEXION
THE POSITION OF THE KNEE IN STANDING
EXTENSION
SHOULDER MOTION DURING BOWLING BACKSWING
HYPEREXTENSION
MOVING YOUR ARM OUT TO THE SIDE
ABDUCTION
MOVING YOUR LEG TOWARD THE MIDLINE
ADDUCTION
THE POSITION OF THE FOREARM IN THE ANATOMICAL POSITION
SUPINATION
TURNING YOUR PALM POSTERIORLY
PRONATION
SYNONYMOUS WITH WRIST ADDUCTION
ULNAR DEVIATION
MOVING YOUR AND TOWARD THE THUMB SIDE
RADIAL DEVIATION
TURNING YOUR FOOT INWARD
INVERSION
MOVING YOUR FOOT OUTWARD
EVERSION
ROLLING YOUR ARM OUTWARD
LATERAL ROTATION
TURNING YOUR ARM INWARD
MEDIAL ROTATION
MOVING YOUR HAND DOWN THE SIDE OF YOUR LEG
LATERAL BENDING
MOVING THROUGH A CONE SHAPED ARC
CIRCUMDUCTION
MOVING YOUR ARM OUTWARD FROM 90 DEGREES SHOULDER ABDUCTION
HORIZONTAL ABDUCTION
MOVING YOUR ARM ACROSS THE BODY AT SHOULDER LEVEL
HORIZONTAL ADDUCTION
MOVING YOUR SCAPULA AWAY FROM MIDLINE
PROTRACTION
PULLING YOUR SCAPULAE TOGETHER
RETRACTION
SKELETAL SYSTEM:
5 FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
SUPPORT, PROTECTION, MOVEMENT, STORE CALCIUM, CREATE NEW BLOOD CELLS
AXIAL SKELETON INCLUDES:
HEAD, VERTEBRAE
APPENDICULAR SKELETON INCLUDES:
ARMS, LOWER EXTREMITY
DESCRIBE COMPACT BONE
MAKES UP A HARD, DENSE OUTER SHELL. COMPLETELY COVERS BONE, THICK ALONG SHAFT AND THIN AT ENDS
DESCRIBE CANCELLOUS BONE
POURUS AND SPONGY INSIDE PORTION, HIGH COLLAGEN LOW CALCIUM.
DESCRIBE TRABECULAE
PATTERNS IN CANCELLOUS BONE THAT RESPOND AND DEVELOP TO STRESS
WHAT IS LOCATED AT THE END OF LONG BONES?
PRESSURE EPIPHYSIS
WHAT COVERS MOST OF A BONE'S SURFACE, AND WHAT IS ITS PURPOSE?
PERIOSTEUM: CONTAINS NERVE AND BLOOD VESSELS THAT ARE IMPORTANT IN PROVIDING NOURISHMENT, PROMOTING GROWTH, AND REPAIRING BONE
WHERE DOES LONGITUDINAL BONE GROWTH OCCUR?
EPIPHYSIS
CANCELLOUS BONES
POROUS AND SPONGY, INSIDE PORTION OF BONE
COMPACT BONE
HARD AND DENSE, COVERS OUTSIDE OF BONE
LONG BONES
LONGER THAN THEY ARE WIDE, BULBOUS AT ENDS, TUBULAR IN SHAPE (FEMUR)
SHORT BONES
EQUAL DIMENSIONS OF HEIGHT, WIDTH, AND LENGTH. CUBICAL SHAPE (CARPALS)
FLAT BONES
VERY BROAD SURFACE, NOT VERY THICK (ILIUM, SCAPULA, SKULL)
IRREGULAR BONES
MIXED SHAPES (VERTEBRAE, FACIAL BONES, SACRUM)
SESAMOID BONES
SHAPED LIKE SESAME SEEDS. (PATELLA)
ARTICULATION:
ANOTHER NAME FOR SYNOVIAL JOINT
DIARTHRODIAL JOINT
PARTS OF A SYNOVIAL JOINT
LIGAMENT, BONE, JOINT SPACE, SYNOVIAL FLUID, SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE, ARTICULAR CARTILAGE, JOINT CAPSULE
TYPE OF JOINTS: FIBROUS PERIOSTEUM BETWEEN BONES
SYNARTHROSIS
TYPE OF JOINTS: LIGAMENTS JOIN THE BONES
SYNDEMOSIS
TYPE OF JOINTS: BOLTED TOGETHER
GOMPHOSIS
EXAMPLE OF SYNARTHROSIS JOINT
SUTURES OF SKULL
EXAMPLE OF SYNDESMOSIS JOINT
DISTAL TIBIOFIBULAR JOINT
EXAMPLE OF GOMPHOSIS JOINT
TOOTH IN DENTAL SOCKET
ENCLOSED CAVITY FILLED WITH FLUID
BURSA
STRONG CORD OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES A MUSCLE TO ANOTHER PART
TENDON
THE INSIDE LINING OF THE JOINT CAPSULE
SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE
STRONG, FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES BONE TO BONE
LIGAMENT
FLAT, THIN, FIBROUS SHEET OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES A MUSCLE TO ANOTHER PART
APONEUROSIS
FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT SURROUNDS A JOINT
JOINT CAPSULE
SHEATH OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT SURROUNDS A MUSCLE
FASCIA
FLUID SECRETED FROM INSIDE THE LINING OF THE JOINT CAPSULE THAT LUBRICATES THE JOINT
SYNOVIAL FLUID
SMOOTH COVERING OF BONE ENDS
ARTICULAR CARTILAGE
SAGITTAL PLANE/FRONTAL AXIS
RUNS THROUGH A JOINT FROM SIDE TO SIDE; FLEXION AND EXTENSION
FRONTAL PLANE/SAGITTAL AXIS
RUNS THROUGH A JOINT FROM FRONT TO BACK; ABDUCTION/ADDUCTION, RADIAL/ULNAR DEVIATION, EVERSION/INVERSION
TRANSVERSE PLANE/VERTICAL AXIS
ALSO CALLED LONGITUDINAL AXIS; RUNS THROUGH A JOINT FROM TOP TO BOTTOM; MEDIAL/LATERAL ROTATION, SUPINATION/PRONATION, HORIZONTAL ABDUCTION/ADDUCTION, RIGHT/LEFT ROTATION
PROJECTION ABOVE A CONDYLE
EPICONDYLE
ROUNDED PROJECTION AT EACH END OF A JOINT
CONDYLE
HOLE
FORAMEN
SPONGELIKE SPACE FILLED WITH AIR
SINUS
TUBE-SHAPED OPENING
MEATUS
ROUNDED PROJECTION BEYOND A NARROW NECK PORTION
HEAD
LESS PROMINENT RIDGE
LINE
LARGE, ROUNDED PROJECTION
TUBEROSITY
FLAT ARTICULAR SURFACE
FACET
VERY LARGE PROJECTION
TROCHANTER
LARGER DEPRESSION
FOSSA
LINEAR DEPRESSION
GROOVE
RIDGE
CREST
SMALL, ROUNDED PROJECTION
TUBERCLE
SHARP PROJECTION
SPINE
BASIC BIOMECHANICS:
APPLICATION OF MECHANICS TO THE STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN BODY
BIOMECHANICS
FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MOVING SYSTEMS
DYNAMICS
STUDY OF FORCES AND THE MOTIONS THEY PRODUCE
MECHANICS
FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH NONMOVING SYSTEMS
STATICS
KINETIC DEALS WITH _____ CAUSING MOVEMENT. KINEMATICS INVOLVES WHICH 3 ASPECTS OF A MOVING SYSTEM?
FORCES;
TIME, SPACE, MASS ASPECTS
OSTEOKINEMATICS DEALS WITH THE MOVEMENT OF _____, AND ARTHROKINEMATICS DEALS WITH THE MOVEMENT OF _____.
BONES; JOINTS
FORCE THAT CAUSES MOTION
KINETICS
DESCRIBES SPEED
VELOCITY
AMOUNT OF MATTER A BODY CONTAINS
MASS
TENDENCY OF FORCE TO PRODUCE ROTATION
TORQUE
PUSH OR PULL ACTION
FORCE
DESCRIBES MAGNITUDE ONLY
SCALAR
RESISTIVE FORCE BETWEEN 2 SURFACES
FRICTION
MAGNITUDE AND DIRECTION
VECTOR
RESISTANCE TO CHANGE IN MOTION
INERTIA
WHICH LAW? A SAILBOAT SPEEDS UP AS WIND FORCE INCREASES
LAW OF ACCELERATION
WHICH LAW? THE ARCHER PULLS BACK ON THE STRING AND RELEASES THE ARROW
LAW OF ACTION-REACTION
WHICH LAW? A PERSON IS PUSHING A STUBBORN DONKEY TRYING TO GET IT TO MOVE
LAW OF INERTIA
WHAT TYPE OF FORCE? 2 HORSES PULLING A WAGON
PARALLEL FORCES
WHAT TYPE OF FORCE? TUG-OF-WAR
LINEAR FORCE
WHAT TYPE OF FORCE? UNSCREWING A JAR LID
FORCE COUPLE
WHAT TYPE OF FORCE? A CAR STUCK IN THE SNOW IS FREED WHEN ONE PERSON PUSHES FORWARD AT THE MIDDLE OF THE BAKC BUMPER AND ANOTHER PERSON PUSHES AT THE PASSENGER SIDE DOOR
CONCURRENT FORCES
ANOTHER TERM FOR FORCE?
MOMENT OF FORCE
TORQUE IS A FORCE THAT PRODUCES _____ ABOUT AN AXIS.
ROTATION
THE AMOUNT OF TORQUE PRODUCED DEPENDS ON THE _____ OF THE FORCE AND THE _____ FROM THE FORCE'S LINE OF PULL TO THE AXIS OF ROTATION.
AMOUNT; DISTANCE
GRAVITY IS THE MUTUAL ATTRACTION BETWEEN THE _____ AND AN _____.
EARTH; OBJECT
GRAVITATIONAL FORCE IS ALWAYS DIRECTED _____ TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH.
VERTICALLY DOWNWARD
WHERE IS THE COG OF THE BODY CONSIDERED TO BE LOCATED IN AN ADULT?
MIDLINE TO THE 2ND SACRAL VERTEBRA
IN SOME COUNTRIES, WOMEN TRANSPORT OBJECTS BY CARRYING THEM ON TOP OF THEIR HEADS. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE COG WHEN AN OBJECT IS CARRIED LIKE THIS?
COG IS HIGHER
WHAT DOES A WALKER DO TO THE BASE OF SUPPORT AND OVERALL STABILITY?
INCREASES BOTH
LIST THE 3 COMPONENTS OF SIMPLE MACHINES
AXIS, FORCE, RESISTANCE
WHAT TYPE OF LEVER, AND ORDER OF AFR?
BARBEQUE TONGS
3RD CLASS; AFR
WHAT TYPE OF LEVER, AND ORDER OF AFR?
PLIERS
1ST CLASS; RAF
WHAT TYPE OF LEVER, AND ORDER OF AFR?
NUTCRACKER
2ND CLASS; ARF
ARTHROKINEMATICS:
BONY END FEEL
HARD
SOFT TISSUE STRETCH
FIRM
SOFT TISSUE APPROXIMATION
SOFT
SOFT, "WET SPONGE" FEEL
BOGGY
REBOUND MOVEMENT AT END OF ROM
SPRINGY BLOCK
SUDDEN HARD STOP BEFORE END OF ROM
BONY
REFLEX MUSCLE GUARDING
MUSCLE SPASM
PAIN, NOT MECHANICAL CONSTRAINT, LIMITS MOVEMENT
EMPTY
FORCEFUL EXTERNAL FORCE APPLIED WITHIN A SHORT RANGE
MANIPULATION
ACCESSORY JOINT MOVEMENTS RESULTING FROM EXTERNAL FORCE
JOINT PLAY
MOTIONS THAT FACILITATE ACTIVE MOTION
COMPONENT MOVEMENTS
PASSIVE OSCILLATORY MOTIONS APPLIED BY EXTERNAL FORCE
JOINT MOBILIZATION
JOINT MOTIONS:
SAME POINT ON EACH SURFACE REMAINS IN CONTACT WITH EACH OTHER
SPIN
JOINT MOTIONS:
ONE POINT ON A JOINT SURFACE CONTACTS NEW POINTS ON THE OTHER SURFACE
GLIDE
JOINT MOTIONS:
NEW POINTS ON EACH SURFACE COME INTO CONTACT THROUGHOUT THE MOTION
ROLL
WHICH TYPE OF JOINT SURFACES MOVES IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION AS THE MOVING BODY SEGMENT?
CONVEX
WHICH TYPE OF JOINT SURFACE MOVES IN THE SAME DIRECTION AS THE MOVING BODY SEGMENT MOVES?
CONCAVE
JOINT SURFACE POSITIONS:
CONGRUENT JOINT SURFACES
CLOSE-PACKED POSITION
JOINT SURFACE POSITIONS:
INCONGRUENT JOINT SURFACES
OPEN-PACKED POSITION, ALSO CALLED LOOSE-PACKED
TYPE OF FORCE:
JOINT SURFACES ARE PULLED APART
TRACTION, DISTRACTION, OR TENSION FORCE
TYPE OF FORCE:
JOINT SURFACES MOVE PARALLEL AND IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS OF EACH OTHER
SHEAR FORCE
TYPE OF FORCE:
JOINT SURFACES ARE PUSHED CLOSER TOGETHER
APPROXIMATION, COMPRESSION FORCE
WHEN A PERSON ASSUMES SITTING FROM STANDING, THE KNEE IS FLEXING. IS CONVEX SURFACE MOVING ON CONCAVE SURFACE, OR VICE VERSA?
CONVEX MOVING ON CONCAVE
ACCORDING TO THE CONCAVE-CONVEX RULE, WHEN THE _____ SURFACE MOVES ON THE _____ SURFACE, THE _____ JOINT SURFACE MOVES IN THE _____ DIRECTION AS THE BODY SEGMENT MOVEMENT.
CONVEX, CONCAVE;
CONVEX, OPPOSITE
WHEN BENDING TO THE RIGHT, THE SOFT TISSUE THAT IS BEING LENGTHENED IS ON THE RIGHT OR LEFT SIDE?
LEFT
IN THE SITTING POSITION, TURN YOUR HEAD AND UPPER BODY WHILE KEEPING YOUR LOWER BODY STATIONARY. THIS MOVEMENT IS _____, AND IT OCCURS IN THE _____ ABOUT THE _____ AXIS.
ROTATION,
TRANSVERSE, LONGITUDINAL
MUSCULAR SYSTEM:
MUSCLE CONTRACTION WITHOUT MOVEMENT
ISOMETRIC CONTRACTION
DISTANCE BETWEEN MAXIMUM CONTRACTED AND EXTENDED LENGTH
MUSCLE EXCURSION
THE ORIGIN OF THE CONTRACTING MUSCLE MOVES TOWARD THE INSERTION
REVERSAL OF MUSCLE ACTION
CONSTANT SPEED WITH VARIABLE RESISTANCE
ISOKINETIC CONTRACTION
NOT AS POWERFUL AS THE PRIME MOVER
ASSISTING MOVER
SLIGHT TENSION IN A MUSCLE
TONE
POSITION WHEN MUSCLE IS UNSTIMULATED
NORMAL RESTING LENGTH
CAN PRODUCE HAND OPENING AND CLOSING
TENODESIS
MUSCLES HAVE ORIGINS AND INSERTIONS. WHICH IS GENERALLY PROXIMAL?
ORIGIN
SCM FLEXES NECK. DOES THE INSERTION MOVE TOWARD THE ORIGIN, OR VICE VERSA?
INSERTION TO ORIGIN
STRAP MUSCLES
FIBERS RUN PARALLEL FROM ORIGIN TO INSERTION, SAME WIDTH THROUGHOUT. (RECTUS ABDOMINIS, SCM, SARTORIUS
FUSIFORM MUSCLES
FIBERS MOSTLY RUN PARALLEL, BUT AR GATHERED AT BOTH ENDS INTO A TENDON (BICEPS BRACHII)
RHOMBOIDAL MUSCLES
SHAPED LIKE A RHOMBUS (GLUTEUS MAXIMUS, RHOMBOIDS)
TRIANGULAR MUSCLES
FIBERS RUN PARALLEL AT ORIGIN, BUT ARE GATHERED INTO A NARROWER INSERTION (GLUTEUS MEDIUS, PECTORALIS MAJOR)
OBLIQUE FIBER ARRANGEMENT
"FEATHERY"
UNI-PENNATE
MUSCLE FIBERS COME OFF THE EDGE OF ONE SIDE (TIBIALIS POSTERIOR, SEMIS)
BI-PENNATE
MUSCLE FIBERS COME OFF BOTH EDGES (RECTUS FEMORIS, INTEROSSEI)
MULTI-PENNATE
GROUP OF PENNATE MUSCLE ARE PACKED TOGETHER INTO ONE MUSCLE (DELTOID, SUBSCAPULARIS)
WHAT TYPE OF FIBER ARRANGEMENT?
DELTOID
MULTI-PENNATE
WHAT TYPE OF FIBER ARRANGEMENT?
PECTORALIS MAJOR
TRIANGULAR
WHAT TYPE OF FIBER ARRANGEMENT?
FLEXOR POLLICIS LONGUS
UNI-PENNATE
WHAT TYPE OF FIBER ARRANGEMENT?
BICEPS BRACHII
FUSIFORM
WHAT TYPE OF FIBER ARRANGEMENT?
RECTUS FEMORIS
BI-PENNATE
WHAT TYPE OF FIBER ARRANGEMENT?
SCM
STRAP
WHAT TYPE OF FIBER ARRANGEMENT?
RHOMBOIDS
RHOMBOIDAL
MUSCLE CHARACTERISTICS:
ABILITY TO BE STRETCHED BEYOND NORMAL RESTING LENGTH
EXTENSIBILITY
MUSCLE CHARACTERISTICS:
ABILITY TO RECEIVE AND RESPOND TO A STIMULUS
IRRITABILITY
MUSCLE CHARACTERISTICS:
ABILITY TO PRODUCE TENSION
CONTRACTILITY
MUSCLE CHARACTERISTICS:
ABILITY TO RETURN TO NORMAL LENGTH
ELASTICITY
DISTANCE FROM THE MAXIMUM LENGTHENING TO MAXIMUM SHORTENING
EXCURSION
A MUSCLE THAT CANNOT BE LENGTHENED SIMUTANEOUSLY OVER ALL JONTS IT CROSSES IS SAID TO BE?
PASSIVE INSUFFICIENT
MUSCLE REACHES A POINT WHERE IT CANNOT BE LENGTHENED ANYMORE WITHOUT DAMAGED
PASSIVE INSUFFICIENCY
MUSCLE REACHES A POINT WHERE IT CANNOT SHORTEN ANYMORE
ACTIVE INSUFFICIENCY
ECCENTRIC OR CONCENTRIC?
LENGTHENING CONTRACTION
ECCENTRIC
ECCENTRIC OR CONCENTRIC?
SHORTENING CONTRACTION
CONCENTRIC
ECCENTRIC OR CONCENTRIC?
INSERTION MOVES TOWARD ORIGIN
CONCENTRIC
ECCENTRIC OR CONCENTRIC?
INSERTION MOVES AWAY FROM ORIGIN
ECCENTRIC
ECCENTRIC OR CONCENTRIC?
ISOTONIC CONTRACTION
CONCENTRIC/ECCENTRIC
MUSCLE CONTRACTION MOVES THE BODY SEGMENT AGAINST GRAVITY
CONCENTRIC
MUSCLE CONTRACTION SLOWS THE PULL OF GRAVITY ON THE BODY SEGMENT
ECCENTRIC
THE SHOULDER GIRDLE ACTS AS A _____ WHEN ONE LIFTS A BOOK OFF THE TABLE.
STABILIZER
WHEN A MUSCLE ACTS TO ELIMINATE UNDESIRED MOTIONS DURING AN ACTIVITY, IT IS FUNCTIONING AS A _____
NEUTRALIZER
CONTRACTING THE QUADRICEPS AND HAMSTRING MUSCLES SIMULTANEOUSLY IS AN EXAMPLE OF _____.
COCONTRACTION
MUSCLES THAT ARE PRIMARILY RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING A SPECIFIC MOVEMENT ARE CALLED THE _____.
AGONIST
WHEN THE BICEPS ARE CONTRACTING, THE TRICEPS MUSCLES IS THE _____.
ANTAGONIST
THE ELBOW HAS 3 MUSCLES THAT CAN PRODUCE FLEXION. WHEN MORE THAN ONE MUSCLE IS WORKING, THE MUSCLES ARE ACTING AS _____.
SYNERGIST
WHEN THE WRIST FLEXORS AND EXTENSORS PRODUCE ULNAR DEVIATION, EACH MUSCLE IS ALSO ACTING AS A _____.
NEUTRALIZER
NERVOUS SYSTEM:
TRANSMIT IMPULSES TOWARD CELL BODY
DENDRITE
NERVE CELL
NEURONS
INTEGRATES SIGNALS FROM SENSORY NEURONS
INTERNEURON
CONDUCTOR OF IMPULSES FROM THE CELL BODY
AXON
HAS CELL BODY IN DORASL ROOT GANGLION
SENSORY NEURON
GROUP OF MYELINATED NERVE FIBERS WITHIN CNS
TRACT
DISTAL END OF AXON
MOTOR NEURON
INCLUDES MAJOR TRACTS IN THE CNS
WHITE MATTER
LARGE CELL BODY WITH A LONG AXON
MOTOR NEURON
CONTAINS MOSTLY UNMYELINATED FIBERS
GRAY MATTER
HAS BOTH DENDRITES AND AN AXON EXTENDING FROM IT
CELL BODY
FATTY SHEATH
MYELIN
CONDUCTS NERVE IMPULSES FROM THE NEURON
NERVE FIBER
COLLECTION OF AXONS LOCATED NEAR TH INTERVERTEBRAL FORAMEN
ANTERIOR ROOT (VENTRAL)
BREAK IN THE MYELIN SHEATH
NODE OF RANVIER
GAP BETWEEN NEURONS
SYNAPSE
COLLECTION OF DENDRITES LOCATED NEAR THE INTERVERTEBRAL FORAMEN
POSTERIOR ROOT (DORSAL)
VERTEBRAE INCLUDES:
NEURAL ARCH, BODY, AND VERTEBRAL FORAMEN
INNERVATION:
FOREARM PRONATION
MEDIAN
INNERVATION:
SHOULDER ABDUCTION
AXILLARY
INNERVATION:
ELBOW EXTENSION
RADIAL
INNERVATION:
WRIST ULNAR DEVIATION
RADIAL, ULNAR
INNERVATION:
ELBOW FLEXION
MUSCULOCUTANEOUS
INNERVATION:
HIP ADDUCTION
OBTURATOR
INNERVATION:
ANKLE DF
PERONEAL
INNERVATION:
KNEE EXTENSION
FEMORAL
INNERVATION:
TOE FLEXION
TIBIAL
INNERVATION:
HIP EXTENSION
SCIATIC
IMPAIRMENTS FROM WHAT NERVE INJURY:
SCAPULAR WINGING
LONG THORACIC
IMPAIRMENTS FROM WHAT NERVE INJURY:
WRIST DROP
RADIAL
IMPAIRMENTS FROM WHAT NERVE INJURY:
APE HAND
MEDIAN
IMPAIRMENTS FROM WHAT NERVE INJURY:
CLAW HAND
ULNAR
KNEE JOINT:
DEFINE Q ANGLE
ANGLE BETWEEN THE QUADRICEPS AND THE PATELLAR TENDON
AVERAGE Q ANGLE?
13-19 DEGREES IN KNEE EXT
WHO HAS LARGER Q ANGLE?
WOMEN
LIST THE MUSCLE THAT MAKE UP THE PES ANSERINE.
SARTORIUS, GRACILIS, SEMITENDINOSOUS
KNEE JOINT IN MORE THAN 0 DEGREES OF EXTENSION
GENU RECURVATUM
ANKLE MORE LATERAL THAN NORMAL
GENU VALGUS
ANKLE MORE MEDIAL THAN NORMAL
GENU VARUS
KNEE LIGAMENTS AND STRUCTURES:
PROVIDES STABILITY IN THE FRONTAL PLANE
MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT, LATERAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT
KNEE LIGAMENTS AND STRUCTURES:
PREVENTS ANTERIOR DISPLACEMENT OF THE TIBIA ON THE FEMUR
(ACL) ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
KNEE LIGAMENTS AND STRUCTURES:
FIBERS OF THE MENISCUS ATTACH TO THIS LIGAMENT
MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT
KNEE LIGAMENTS AND STRUCTURES:
DEEPENS THE JOINT SURFACE
MEDIAL/LATERAL MENISCUS
KNEE LIGAMENTS AND STRUCTURES:
PREVENTS POSTERIOR DISPLACEMENT OF THE TIBIA ON THE FEMUR
(PCL) POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
ABSORBS SHOCK
MEDIAL/LATERAL MENISCUS
MUSCLE MOTIONS OF KNEE:
VASTUS LATERALIS
EXTENSION
MUSCLE MOTIONS OF KNEE:
VASTUS MEDIALIS
EXTENSION
MUSCLE MOTIONS OF KNEE:
VASTUS INTERMEDIALIS
EXTENSION
MUSCLE MOTIONS OF KNEE:
RECUS FEMORIS
EXTENSION
MUSCLE MOTIONS OF KNEE:
SEMIS
FLEXION
MUSCLE MOTIONS OF KNEE:
BICEPS FEMORIS
FLEXION
MUSCLE MOTIONS OF KNEE:
POPLITEUS
FLEXION
MUSCLE MOTIONS OF KNEE:
GASTROCS
FLEXION
DURING TERMINAL KNEE EXTENSION:
IN A CLOSED KINETIC CHAIN, THE FEMUR ROTATES ON THE TIBIA IN WHICH DIRECTION?
MEDIALLY
DURING TERMINAL KNEE EXTENSION:
IN AN OPEN KINETIC CHAIN, THE TIBIA ROTATES ON THE FEMUR IN WHICH DIRECTION?
LATERALLY
WHAT ARTERY PASSES POSTERIOR TO THE KNEE?
POPLITEAL ARTERY
WHICH MUSCLE OF THE HAMSTRINGS GROUP DOES NOT CROSS THE HIP?
SHORT HEAD OF BICEPS FEMORIS
WHICH MUSCLE OF THE QUADRICEPS MUSCLE GROUP CROSSES THE HIP?
RECTUS FEMORIS
DESCRIBE THE POSITIONS THAT MAKE THE HAMSTRINGS GROUP ACTIVELY INSUFFICIENT.
HIP _____, KNEE _____.
EXTENSION; FLEXION
DESCRIBE THE POSITIONS THAT MAKE THE RECTUS FEMORIS ACTIVELY INSUFFICIENT.
HIP _____, KNEE _____.
FLEXION; EXTENSION
DESCRIBE THE POSITIONS THAT MAKE THE RECTUS FEMORIS PASSIVE INSUFFICIENT.
HIP _____, KNEE _____.
EXTENSION; FLEXION
WHY IS THE Q ANGLE LARGER IN WOMEN THAN IN MEN?
WOMEN GENERALLY HAVE A LARGER PELVIS
DESCRIBE GENU VALGUS
BOW LEGGED
DESCRIBE GENU VARUS
KNOCK-KNEE
ANKLE JOINT AND FOOT:
ABNORMALLY HIGH ARCH
PES CAVUS
VALGUS DEFORMITY OF GREAT TOE
HALLUX VALGUS
HINDFOOT FIXED IN PF
EQUINUS
ABNORMALLY LOW ARCH
PES PLANUS
HINDFOOT
TALUS & CALCANEUS
MIDFOOT
NAVICULAR, CUBOID, AND 3 CUNEIFORMS
FOREFOOT
5 METATARSALS AND ALL PHALANGES
CUBOID POSITION ON FOOT
LATERAL
NAVICULAR POSITION ON FOOT
MEDIAL
TALOCRUAL JOINT INCLUDES WHAT BONES?
TIBIA, FIBULA, AND TALUS
SUBTALOR JOINT INCLUDES WHAT BONES?
TALUS AND CALCANEUS
TRANSVERSE TARSAL JOINT INCLUDES WHAT BONES?
TALUS, CALCANEUS, NAVICULAR, AND CUBOID
ARCHES OF THE FOOT:
CALCANEUS-TALUS-NAVICULAR-1ST CUNEIFORM, 1ST METATARSAL
MEDIAL LONGITUDINAL ARCH
ARCHES OF THE FOOT:
CALCANEUS-TALUS-CUBOID-5TH METATARSAL
LATERAL LONGITUDINAL ARCH
ARCHES OF THE FOOT:
1-3 CUNEIFORMS-CUBOID
TRANSVERSE ARCH
LIGAMENT AND STRUCTURE OF ANKLE:
3 PARTS, EACH WITH AN INSERTION ON THE FIBULA
LATERAL LIGAMENT
LIGAMENT AND STRUCTURE OF ANKLE:
LOCATED ON THE MEDIAL SIDE, TRIANGULAR IN SHAPE
DELTOID LIGAMENT
LIGAMENT AND STRUCTURE OF ANKLE:
RUNS FROM SIDE TO SIDE ATA DISTAL ROW OF TARSALS
TRANSVERSE ARCH
LIGAMENT AND STRUCTURE OF ANKLE:
SUPPORTS THE MEDIAL SIDE OF THE LONGITUDINAL ARCH
SPRING LIGAMENT
LIGAMENT AND STRUCTURE OF ANKLE:
THE TALUS IS THE KEYSTONE
MEDIAL LONGITUDINAL ARCH
LIGAMENT AND STRUCTURE OF ANKLE:
THE 2ND CUNEIFORM IS THE KEYSTONE
TRANSVERSE ARCH
SUPPORTS BOTH LONGITUDINAL ARCHES
PLANTAR APONEUROSIS
HIP JOINT:
COXA VALGUS (DEGREES)
GREATER THAN 130 DEGREES
COXA VARUS (DEGREES)
LESS THAN 125 DEGREES
ANGLE OF INCLINATION (DEGREES)
125 DEGREES
ANGLE OF TORSION (DEGREES)
15-25 DEGREES
ANTEVERSION (DEGREES)
GREATER THAN 25 DEGREES
RETROVERSION (DEGREES)
LESS THAN 15 DEGREES
AT THE HIP JOINT, IDENTIFY WHICH SURFACE IS CONCAVE AND WHICH IS CONVEX:
CONCAVE: ILIUM; CONVEX: FEMUR
HIP CLOSED-PACK POSITION
FULL EXTENSION AND MEDIAL ROTATION
HIP LOOSE-PACK POSITION
30 DEGREES FLEXION, 30 DEGREES ABDUCTION, SLIGHT LATERAL ROTATION
HIP END FEEL
SOFT TISSUE STRETCH: ALL MOTIONS EXCEPT FLEXION
HIP FLEXION END FEEL
SOFT TISSUE APPROXIMATION
ANALYZE THE ACTIVITY OF THE LEG BEING MOVED OUT TO THE SIDE WHILE IN THE SUPINE POSITION:
WHICH JOINT MOTION IS BEING ANALYZED?
HIP ABDUCTION
ANALYZE THE ACTIVITY OF THE LEG BEING MOVED OUT TO THE SIDE WHILE IN THE SUPINE POSITION:
IDENTIFY THE AXIS
SAGITTAL OF THE HIP
ANALYZE THE ACTIVITY OF THE LEG BEING MOVED OUT TO THE SIDE WHILE IN THE SUPINE POSITION:
WOULD GRAVITY CAUSE THE MOVEMENT?
NO
ANALYZE THE ACTIVITY OF THE LEG BEING MOVED OUT TO THE SIDE WHILE IN THE SUPINE POSITION:
IS THE RESISTANCE TO THE MOVEMENT A MUSCLE OR WEIGHT OF THE LEG?
WEIGHT OF THE LEG
ANALYZE THE ACTIVITY OF THE LEG BEING MOVED OUT TO THE SIDE WHILE IN THE SUPINE POSITION:
WHICH MAJOR MUSCLE GROUP IS THE AGONIST?
HIP ABDUCTORS
ANALYZE THE ACTIVITY OF THE LEG BEING MOVED OUT TO THE SIDE WHILE IN THE SUPINE POSITION:
IS THE AGONIST PERFORMING A CONCENTRIC OR AN ECCENTRIC CONTRACTION?
CONCENTRIC
ANALYZE THE ACTIVITY OF THE LEG BEING MOVED OUT TO THE SIDE WHILE IN THE SUPINE POSITION:
IS THIS AN OPEN OR CLOSED KINETIC CHAIN ACTIVITY?
OPEN
IDENTIFY THE ACTION AND INNERVATION OF THE HIP MUSCLES BY LOCATION:
ANTERIOR
HIP FLEX, ABD, ER
FEMORAL
IDENTIFY THE ACTION AND INNERVATION OF THE HIP MUSCLES BY LOCATION:
MEDIAL
HIP FLEX, ABD
FEMORAL/OBTURATOR
IDENTIFY THE ACTION AND INNERVATION OF THE HIP MUSCLES BY LOCATION:
POSTERIOR
HIP EXT, ER
INF GLUTEAL/SCIATIC
IDENTIFY THE ACTION AND INNERVATION OF THE HIP MUSCLES BY LOCATION:
LATERAL
HIP ABD, IR
SUP GLUTEAL
LIGAMENTS AND STRUCTURES:
REINFORCES HIP JOINT CAPSULE ANTERIORLY
ILIOFEMORAL LIGAMENT
CONTAINS BLOOD VESSELS TO THE FEMORAL HEAD
LIGAMENTUM TERES
ENCASES HEAD AND NECK OF FEMUR
JOINT CAPSULE
LIMITS ABDUCTION OF HIP JOINT
PUBOFEMORAL LIGAMENT
INSERTION FOR GLUTEUS MAXIMUS AND TENSOR FASCIA LATAE
ILIOTIBIAL BAND
ASSISTS TO HOLD FEMUR IN ACETABULUM
ACETABULAR LABRUM
REINFORCES HIP JOINT CAPSULE POSTERIORLY
ISCHIOFEMORAL LIGAMENT
LANDMARK DENOTING SEPARATION OF TRUNK FROM LEG
INGUINAL LIGAMENT
NECK AND TRUNK:
BONY COMPARTMENT THAT HOUSES THE SPINAL CORD
SPINE
SMALL, SMOOTH, FLAT SURFACE ON A BONE
FACET
INCREASE IN THE CURVATURE OF THE THORACIC SPINE IN THE SAGITTAL PLANE
KYPHOSIS
INCREASED CURVATURE OF THE LUMBAR SPINE IN THE SAGITTAL PLANE
LORDOSIS
CONCAVE OR CONVEX ANTERIORLY?
CERVICAL SPINE
CONVEX
CONCAVE OR CONVEX ANTERIORLY?
THORACIC
CONCAVE
CONCAVE OR CONVEX ANTERIORLY?
LUMBAR
CONVEX
CONCAVE OR CONVEX ANTERIORLY?
SACRAL
CONCAVE
FACET JOINTS ARE JOINED BY THE ARTICULATION BETWEEN THE _____ ARTICULAR PROCESS OF THE VERTEBRA BELOW WITH THE _____ ARTICULAR PROCESSES OF THE VERTEBRA ABOVE.
SUPERIOR; INFERIOR
WHAT DETERMINES THE EXTENT, THE TYPE, AND THE AMOUNT OF MOION POSSIBLE AT EACH PART OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN?
ALIGNMENT OF THE FACET JOINTS
WHAT LIMITS SPINAL MOTION IN THE THORACIC REGION?
ATTACHMENT TO THE RIB CAGE
TRUNK LATERAL BENDING OCCURS IN THE _____ PLANE ABOUT THE _____ AXIS.
FRONTAL; SAGITTAL
ODONTOID PROCESS, LARGE VERTICAL PROCESS
DENS
SEVENTH CERVICAL VERTEBRA
C7
FIRST CERVICAL VERTEBRA
C1 ATLAS
SECOND CERVICAL VERTEBRA
C2 AXIS
NEURAL ARCH
VERTEBRAL ARCH; POSTERIOR PORTION
WHICH VERTEBRA DOES NOT HAVE A SPINOUS PROCESS OR A BODY?
C1 ATLAS
C1 ARTICULATES WITH WHICH LANDMARK OF THE SKULL?
OCCIPITAL CONDYLES
WHAT POSITION DOES THE HEAD ASSUME WHEN THE LEFT SCM PERFORMS A CONCENTRIC CONTRACTION?
LATERAL BENDING WITH ROTATION TO THE LEFT
WHICH PAIR OF OBLIQUE MUSCLES PERFORM A SIT-UP WITH ROTATION TO THE RIGHT?
RIGHT INTERNAL AND LEFT EXTERNAL OBLIQUE
WHEN PERFORMING BILATERAL LEG RAISES, WHICH MUSCLES MUST PERFORM WHAT TYPE OF CONTRACTION TO PREVENT THE LOW BACK FROM ARCHING?
ABDOMINALS; ISOMETRIC
SHOULDER GIRDLE:
SHOULDER COMPLEX CONSISTS OF
SCAPULA, CLAVICLE, STERNUM, RIB CAGE, HUMERUS
SCAPULOTHORACIC ARTICULATION CONSISTS OF
SCAPULA, RIBCAGE
SHOULDER GIRDLE CONSISTS OF
SCAPULA, CLAVICLE
SHOULDER JOINT CONSIST OF
SCAPULA, HUMERUS
DESCRIBES THE MOVEMENT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SHOULDER GIRDLE AND THE SHOULDER JOINT TO 30 DEGEREES
SCAPULOHUMERAL RYHTYM
THE INSERTION OF A MUSCLE IS STABILIZED AND THE ORIGIN MOVES
REVERSAL OF MUSCLE ACTION
CONNECTS STERNUM TO CLAVICLE
STERNOCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT
CONNECTS FIRST RIB TO CLAVICLE
COSTOCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT
CONNECTS CLAVICLES
INTERCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT
CONNECTS SCAPULA TO CLAVICLE
ACRMIOCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT
REINFORCES THE CAPSULE
STERNOCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT, ACROMIOCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT
LIMITS CLAVICULAR ELEVATION
COSTOCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT
ACTS AS A SHOCK ABSORBER
ARTICULAR DISK
LIMITS CLAVICULAR DEPRESSION
INTERCLAVICULAR LIGAMENT
SERVE AS A ROOF OVER HUMERAL HEAD
CORACOACROMIAL LIGAMENT
PROVIDES PROTECTIVE ARCH
CORACOACROMIAL LIGAMENT
PROVIDES ATTACHMENT FOR THE LATISSIMUS DORSI MUSCLE
THORACOLUMBAR FASCIA
DEEPENS THE SOCKET
GLENOID LABRUM
KEEPS THE HUMERAL HEAD ROTATING IN CONTACT WITH THE GLENOID FOSSA
ROTATOR CUFF
SURROUNDS THE JOINT
JOINT CAPSULE
STRENGTHENS THE UPPER PART OF THE JOINT CAPSULE
CORACOHUMERAL LIGAMENT
DECREASE FRICTION BETWEEN THE DELTOID MUSCLE AND THE JOINT CAPSULE
SUBDELTOID BURSA
DECREASES BETWEEN THE ACROMION PROCESS, THE CORACOACROMIAL LIGAMENT, AND THE JOINT CAPSULE
SUBACROMIAL BURSA
WHICH MAJOR NERVE UNIT IS LOCATED IN THE AXILLA?
BRACHIAL PLEXUS
THE NERVE UNIT IS WHERE IN RELATION TO THE HUMERUS
ANTERIOR, POSTERIOR, INFERIOR
WHEN PERFORMING SHOULDER FLEXION IN AN OPEN KINETIC CHAIN, THE MOVING PART OF THE JOINT IS CONCAVE OR CONVEX?
CONVEX
WHICH MUSCLES MAY BE WEAKENED BECAUSE OF THE AXILLARY NERVE DAMAGE
DELTOID AND TERES MINOR
LIST THE SHOULDER MUSCLES ATTACHING TO THE CORACOID PROCESS
SHORT HEAD OF THE BICEPS
LIST THE MUSCLES THAT ATTACH ON MEDIAL/LATERAL SIDES OF THE BICIPITAL GROOVE
PECTORALIS MAJOR; LATISSIMUS DORSI AND TERES MAJOR
THE TERES MAJOR AND MINOR MUSCLES ATTACH ALONG THE _____ BORDER OF THE SCAPULA.
AXILLARY
THE TERES _____ MUSCLE REMAINS ON THE POSTERIOR SURFACE OF THE SHOULDER WHILE THE TERES _____ MUSCLE CROSSES TO THE ANTERIOR SURFACE.
MINOR; MAJOR
THE _____ MUSCLE, RUNNIG VERTICALLY, PASSES BETWEEN THE TERES MAJOR AND MINOR IN THE AXILLA.
TRICEPS LONG HEAD
THE ROTATOR MUSCLE INSERTS DEEP TO THE ______.
DELTOID
WHAT NERVE INNERVATES THE DELTOID?
AXILLARY
ELBOW JOINT:
CREATED BY THE LONGITUDINAL AXES OF THE HUMERUS AND FOREARM, IN THE ANATOMICAL POSITION
CARRYING ANGLE
THE MOTIONS AVAILABLE AT THE PROXIMAL AND DISTAL RADIOULNAR JOINTS ARE THE SAME OR DIFFERENT?
SAME
ATTACHES TO HUMERAL EPEICONDYLE AND LATERAL SIDE ULNA
LATERAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT
IS TRIANGULAR IN SHAPE
MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT; LATERAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT
IS RING-SHAPED
ANNULAR LIGAMENT
KEEPS LATERAL SIDE OF JOINT FROM SEPARATING WHEN STRESSED
LATERAL COLATERAL LIGAMENT; JOINT CAPSULE
KEEPS MEDIAL SIDE OF JOINT FROM SEPARATING WHEN STRESSED
MEDIL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT
KEEPS RADIUS AND ULNA IN CONTACT
ANNULAR LIGAMENT; INTEROSSEOUS MEMBRANE
STRENGTHENS JOINT CAPSULE
MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT; LATERAL COLATERAL LIGAMENT; ANNULAR LIGAMENT
ATTACHES TO HUMERUS, RADIUS, AND ULNA
JOINT CAPSULE
PUSH-UP DOWNWARD:
IS THE MOVEMENT WITH OR AGAINST GRAVITY?
WITH GRAVITY
PUSH-UP DOWNWARD:
IS THE MUSCLE PRODUCING THE FORCE FOR THE MOVEMENT OR THE RESISTANCE TO THE MOVEMENT?
RESISTANCE
PUSH-UP DOWNWARD:
IS GRAVITY PRODUCING THE FORCE FOR THE MOVEMENT OR THE RESISTANCE TO THE MOVEMENT?
FORCE
NAME THE RING-SHAPED LIGAMENT WITHIN WHICH THE HEAD OF THE RADIUS ROTATES
ANNULAR LIGAMENT
NAME THE MUSCLE THAT LIES DEEP TO THE BICEPS BRACHII NEAR THE DISTAL END OF THE HUMERUS
BRACHIALIS
NAME THE MUSCLE THAT LIES DEEP TO THE BICEPS BRACHII AT THE SHOULDER.
CORACOBRACHIALIS
NAME THE NERVE THAT LIES IN THE GROOVE BETWEEN THE MEDIAL EPICONDYLE AND THE OLECRANON PROCESS.
ULNAR NERVE
INNERVATION:
BICEPS BRACHII
MUSCULOCUTANEOUS
INNERVATION:
TRICEPS BRACHII
RADIAL
INNERVATION:
PRONATOR TERES
MEDIAN
INNERVATION:
PRONATOR QUADRATUS
MEDIAN
INNERVATION:
SUPINATOR
RADIAL
INNERVATION:
BRACHIALIS
MUSCULOCUTANEOUS
INNERVATION:
BRACHIORADIALIS
RADIAL
WHICH ELBOW FLEXORS ATTACH TO THE RADIUS?
BICEPS BRACHII, BRACHIORADIALIS, PRONATOR TERES
WHICH ELBOW FLEXORS ATTACH TO THE ULNA?
BRACHIALIS
WHICH ELBOW FLEXORS ATTACH TO THE HUMERUS?
BRACHIALIS; BRACHIORADIALIS
LIST THE JOINT MOTIONS THAT CREATE PASSIVE INSUFFICIENCY OF THE TRICEPS
FULL ELBOW FLEXION WITH SHOULDER FLEXION
LIST THE JOINT MOTIONS THAT CREATE PASSIVE INSUFFICIENCY OF THE BICEPS BRACHII
FULL ELBOW EXTENSION WITH SHOULDER EXTENSION AND PRONATION
LIST THE JOINT MOTIONS THAT CREATE ACTIVE INSUFFICIENCY OF THE TRICEPS BRACHII
FULL ELBOW EXTENSION WITH FULL SHOULDER EXTENSION
LIST THE JOINT MOTIONS THAT CREATE ACTIVE INSUFFICIENCY OF THE BICEPS BRACHII
FULL ELBOW FLEXION WITH SHOULDER FLEXION AND SUPINATION
WHICH ELBOW/FOREARM MUSCLE WILL LOSE INNERVATION WITH RADIAL NERVE INJURY
BRACHIORADIALIS, TRICEPS, SUPINATORS
WHAT MOTION WILL TH EPERSON HAVE DIFFICULTY PERFORMING WITH RADIAL NERVE INJURY?
ELBOW EXTENSION, SOME ELBOW FLEXION, FOREARM SUPINATION
WHY MUST A MUSCLE ATTACH ON THE RADIUS TO BE ABLE TO PRONATE OR SUPINATE?
BECAUSE THE RADIUS ONLY MOVES AROUND THE ULNA
WRIST JOINT:
NAME THE JOINTS OF THE WRIST
RADIOCARPAL JOINT, MIDCARPAL JOINT, CARPOMETACARPAL JOINT
FUNCTION OR CHARACTERISTICS:
LIMITS EXTENSION
PALMAR RADIOCARPAL LIGAMENT
FILLER BETWEEN ULNA AND ADJACENT CARPALS
ARTICULAR DISK
PROVIDES LATERAL SUPPORT
RADIO COLLATERAL LIGAMENT
LIMITS FLEXION
DORSAL RADIOCARPAL LIGAMENT
PROVIDES PROTECTION AND MUSCLE ATTACHMENT
DORSAL RADIOCARPAL LIGAMENT
PROVIDES MEDIAL SUPPORT
ULNAR COLLATERAL LIGAMENT
WHICH SURFACE OF THE RADIOCARPAL JOINT IS CONCAVE?
PROXIMAL: RADIUS AND ULNA
WHICH SURFACE OF THE RADIOCARPAL JOINT IS CONVEX?
DISTAL: SCAPHOID, LUNATE, TRIQUETRUM
WHAT IS THE INNERVATION OF THE EXTENSOR MUSCLES OF THE WRIST?
RADIAL NERVE
LIST THE STRUCTURES THAT LIMIT RADIAL DEVIATION
BONY END FEEL DUE TO CONTACT OF RADIAL STYLOID PROCESS AND THE SCAPHOID BONE
LIST THE MUSCLES RESPONSIBLE FOR ULNAR DEVIATION
FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS, EXTENSOR CARPI ULNARIS
WHY DOES THE EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS NOT PLAY A MAJOR ROLE IN WRIST RADIAL DEVIATION?
ITS ATTACHMENT ISN'T CLOSE TO THE AXIS OF MOTION FOR RADIAL AND ULNAR DEVIATION
ULNAR NERV ENTRAPMENT WOULD SHOW WEAKNESS IN WHICH WRIST MUSCLE?
FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS
WHY DOES THE LOSS OF RADIAL NERVE RESULT IN WRIST DROP?
BECAUSE RADIAL NERVE IS THE ONLY NERVE INVOLVED IN WRIST EXTENSION
WHAT ARE THE WRIST FLEXORS AND EXTENSORS GENERALLY INNERVATED BY?
RADIAL; MEDIAN
EXCEPTIONS ARE FLEXOR CARPI ULARIS-INNERVATED BY THE ULNAR NERVE
IS LOCATED ON THE ANTERIOR SURFACE
FLEXOR RETINACULUM; PALMAR CARPAL LIGAMENT
COMPOSED RETINACULUM OF 2 PARTS
FLEXOR RETINACULUM
IS PART OF THE CARPAL TUNNEL
TRANSVERSE CARPAL LIGAMENT
HOLDS TENDONS CLOSE TO THE WRIST
EXTENSOR
IS LOCATED ON THE POSTERIOR SURFACE
EXTENSOR
IS LOCATED ON THE POSTERIOR AND SIDES OF THE PROXIMAL PHALANGES
EXTENSOR; EXTENSOR EXPANSION
PROVIDES ATTACHMENT OF EXTENSOR TENDONS TO MIDDLE AND DISTAL PHALANGES
EXTENSOR EXPANSION
HAND:
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN INTRINSIC AND EXTRINSIC MUSCLES?
EXTRINSIC CROSSE THE REST
INTRINSIC ONLY IN THE HAND
THE TENDONS OF WHICH MUSCLES PASS THROUGH THE CARPAL TUNNEL
FLEXOR DIGITORUM PROFUNDUS
FLEXOR DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALIS
FLEXOR POLLICIS LONGUS
WHICH NERVE PASSES THROUGH TE CARPAL TUNNEL?
MEDIAN
WHAT IS THE MOST SUPERFICIAL MUSCLE ON THE ANTERIOR SURFACE OF THE WRIST LOCATED IN THE MIDLINE OF WRIST?
PALMAR LONGUS
WHAT MUSCLE OR TENDON LIES DIRECTLY UNDERNEATH THE MUSCLE IDENTIFIED LAST?
FLEXOR DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALIS
WHAT MUSCLE OR TENDON LIES DIRECTLY UNDERNEATH THE MUSCLE IDENTIFIED LAST?
FLEXOR DIGITORUM PROFOUNDUS
ARE THE THENAR AND HYPOTHERNAR MUSCLES INTRINSICS OR EXTRINSICS?
INTRINSICS
THENAR MUSCLES CONTROL THE WHAT?
THUMB
THE MUSCLES OF THE THENAR MUSCLE GROUP ARE?
THE FLEXOR POLLICIS BREVIS, ABDUCTOR POLLICIS BREVIS, OPPENS POLLICIS
THESE MUSCLES ARE INNERVATED BY?
MEDIAN
DAMAGE TO THIS NERVE WOULD MEAN LOSS OF THE THUMB MOTIONS OF?
OPPOSITION, FLEX AND ABD
INNERVATION OF THE MUSCLES OF THE HAND BY LOCATION?
POSTERIOR SURFACE
RADIAL
INNERVATION OF THE MUSCLES OF THE HAND BY LOCATION?
ANTERIOR MEDIAL SURFACE
ULNAR
INNERVATION OF THE MUSCLES OF THE HAND BY LOCATION?
ANTERIOR LATERAL
MEDIAN