Jean Louise Finch
The narrator and protagonist of the story. She lives with her father, Atticus, her brother, Jem, and their black cook, Calpurnia, in Maycomb. She is intelligent and, by the standards of her time and place, a tomboy. Scout has a combative streak and a basic faith in the goodness of the people in her community. As the novel progresses, this faith is tested by the hatred and prejudice that emerge during Tom Robinson's trial. Scout eventually develops a more grown-up perspective that enables her to appreciate human goodness without ignoring human evil
Scout and Jem's father, a lawyer in Maycomb descended from an old local family. A widower with a dry sense of humor, he has instilled in his children his strong sense of morality and justice. He is one of the few residents of Maycomb committed to racial equality. When he agrees to defend Tom Robinson, a black man charged with raping a white woman, he exposes himself and his family to the anger of the white community. With his strongly held convictions, wisdom, and empathy, Atticus functions as the novel's moral backbone.
Jeremy (Jem) Atticus Finch
Scout's brother and constant playmate at the beginning of the story. He is something of a typical American boy, refusing to back down from dares and fantasizing about playing football. Four years older than Scout, he gradually separates himself from her games, but he remains her close companion and protector throughout the novel. He moves into adolescence during the story, and his ideals are shaken badly by the evil and injustice that he perceives during the trial of Tom Robinson
Arthur (Boo) Radley
A recluse who never sets foot outside his house, He dominates the imaginations of Jem, Scout, and Dill. He is a powerful symbol of goodness swathed in an initial shroud of creepiness, leaving little presents for Scout and Jem and emerging at an opportune moment to save the children. An intelligent child emotionally damaged by his cruel father, He provides an example of the threat that evil poses to innocence and goodness. He is one of the novel's "mockingbirds," a good person injured by the evil of mankind.
A drunken, mostly unemployed member of Maycomb's poorest family. In his knowingly wrongful accusation that Tom Robinson raped his daughter, Ewell represents the dark side of the South: ignorance, poverty, squalor, and hate-filled racial prejudice.
Charles (Dill) Baker Harris
Jem and Scout's summer neighbor and friend. He is a diminutive, confident boy with an active imagination. He becomes fascinated with Boo Radley and represents the perspective of childhood innocence throughout the novel.
Miss Maudie Atkinson
The Finches' neighbor, a sharp-tongued widow, and an old friend of the family. she is almost the same age as Atticus's younger brother, Jack. She shares Atticus's passion for justice and is the children's best
The Finches' black cook. She is a stern disciplinarian and the children's bridge between the white world and her own black community.
Atticus's sister, a strong-willed woman with a fierce devotion to her family. She is the perfect Southern lady, and her commitment to propriety and tradition often leads her to clash with Scout
Bob Ewell's abused, lonely, unhappy daughter. Though one can pity her because of her overbearing father, one cannot pardon her for her shameful indictment of Tom Robinson.
The black field hand accused of rape. he is one of the novel's "mockingbirds," an important symbol of innocence destroyed by evil.
Tom Robinson's employer. In his willingness to look past race and praise the integrity of Tom's character, he epitomizes the opposite of prejudice.
Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose
An elderly, ill-tempered, racist woman who lives near the Finches. Although Jem believes that she is a thoroughly bad woman, Atticus admires her for the courage with which she battles her morphine addiction.
Boo Radley's older brother. Scout thinks that he is similar to the deceased Mr. Radley, Boo and Nathan's father. He cruelly cuts off an important element of Boo's relationship with Jem and Scout when he plugs up the knothole in which Boo leaves presents for the children.
The sheriff of Maycomb and a major witness at Tom Robinson's trial. He is a decent man who tries to protect the innocent from danger.
Mr. Dolphus Raymond
A wealthy white man who lives with his black mistress and mulatto children. He pretends to be a drunk so that the citizens of Maycomb will have an explanation for his behavior. In reality, he is simply jaded by the hypocrisy of white society and prefers living among blacks.
Mr. Walter Cunningham
A poor farmer and part of the mob that seeks to lynch Tom Robinson at the jail. He displays his human goodness when Scout's politeness compels him to disperse the men at the jail.