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240 terms

Medical Terminology Final - GTC

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Dysparenia
Difficult or painful sexual intercouse
Leiomyoma
tumor of the smooth muscle of the uterus
combining form toc/o-
labor and childbirth
osteosarcoma
cancer of the bone
Combing form for gallbladder
cholecyst/o-
Drugs that treat a lack of production of testosterone.
androgen drugs
Healthcare professional who deals with the field of oncology and cancer.
CTR
The suffix -rrhaphy, as in myorrhaphy or tenorrhaphy means this.
proceedure of suturing
A phorometer
holds lenses of successive strengths
Thinning of the wall of the cervix during labor is known as
effacement
The combining form thym/o-
thymus
Undescended testicles
cryptorchism
A lobectomy is the surgical removal of
part of the lung
The combining form anter/o-
front part
The foreskin of the penis is called
prepuce
The medical word for pinkeye
conjunctivitis
A stapedectomy would be performed for which condition?
otosclerosis
The suffix in the word ejaculatory means
having the function of
In the medical word respiration, the combining form means
breathe
The singular form of the word spermatozoa
spermatozoon
The intercostal muscles are
between the ribs
Involuntary urination during sleep
enuresis
The combining form schiz/o-
split
The combining form hepat/o-
liver
Combing form tuss/o-
cough
Combining form ambly/o-
Dimness
The suffix -pathy means
disease; suffering
The combining form amnes/o-
forgetfulness
The combining form kary/o-
nucleus
Word that means pertaining to the heart
Cardiac
Combining form olig/o-
scanty; few
The combining form poster/o-
back part
The correct spelling of the word that means red blood cell
erythrocyte
Which of the following is not one of the three definitions for the combining form myel/o-
muscle
(true definitions: bone marrow, myelin, spinal cord)
The suffix -scope means
instrument used to examine
The combining form gen/o-
arising from; produced by
The combining forms lent/o- and lenticul/o-
lens (of the eye)
By medical language definition, gastrointestinal means
pertaining to the stomach and intestine
The definition of tachycardia is a condition
of a fast heart
Absence of urine production by the kidney
anuria
Combining form papill/o-
elevated structure
Combining form plast/o- means
growth; formation
Inflamamation or infection of the oviduct
salpingitis
The suffix -gram means
A record or picture
The abbreviation KUB means
kidneys, ureters, bladder
Inflammation of a vein
phlebitis
Difficulty reading and writing words
dyslexia
Rhinophyma
redness and hypertrophy of the nose
Otorrhea is the drainage of serous fluid or pus from
ear
Adbuction
Moving a body part away from the midline
Paralysis on one side of the body
hemiplegia
A rhabdomyosarcoma is a malignancy of this tissue
skeletal muscle
Hepatosplenomegaly
enlargment of the liver and spleen
The prefix mid-
middle
The combing form later/o-
side
The combining form inguin/o-
groin
The suffix -ic
pertaining to
Hodgkin's disease is a type of
lymphoma
The combining form that means scrape off
abras/o-
In the medical word xenophobia, xen/o-
foreign
Hearing loss associate with old age
presbycusis
The combining form anis/o-
unequal
The combining form obsess/o-
besieged by thoughts
The anatomical name for the shin bone
tibia
The word for inflammation of the lungs
pneumonitis
Combining form that means lung
pulmon/o-
Two combing forms that mean nerve root
rhiz/o- and radicul/o-
Combining form ungu/o-
nail
All of the following are types of fractures except
Ewing's

(Colles', nondisplaced, oblique are all types)
Location of the corpora cavernosa
Along the upper surface of the penis
The word spiral is related to
CT scan
A synonym for the word menopause
climacteric
The first stool of a newborn is a greenish-black waste called
meconium
A rhizotomy is performed to cut the
spinal nerves
Which of the following is not one of the meanings to the combing fom radi/o?
energy
Glycosuria means there is this in the urine.
sugar
Combining form meaning knowledge
gnos/o-
Excision of the tumor as well as nearby organs because of wide-spread cancer
exemteration
Empyema
pus in the thoracic cavity
Inflammation of the anatomical structure that stores mature spermatozoa
epididymitis
Metastasis means
moving to other parts of the body
Combining form emot/o-
moving; stirring up.
A kidney stone is also called
calculus
The combining form colp/o-
vagina
Candidiasis is a _____ infection of the vagina
yeast
Pair of prefixes with opposite meanings
brady-, tachy-
Combining form coagul/o-
clotting
The suffix of the word testicle
small thing
The suffix -ics of the word orthopedics means
knowledge of practice
Combining form xer/o-
dry
Combining form kerat/o-
cornea (of the eye)
The combining form hebe/o- in hebephrenic schizophrenia
youth
Combining for celi/o-
adbomen
The prefix hyper- means
above; more than normal
The suffix -rrhage
excessive flow or discharge
Echolalia
repeating words that someone else has said
Angiography
process of recording a blood vessel
PID
an enfection of the internal female reproductive organs (pelvic inflammatory disease)
The medical word used to refer to cancer of the white blood cells
leukemia
Combining form esthes/o-
sensation; feeling
An abnormal increase in the number of erythrocytes in the blood
polycythemia vera
An inguinal hernia occurs here
in the groin
Vermiform
wormlike
Enlargement of the kidney due to constant pressure from backed up urine
hydronephrosis
The combining form spermat/o-
spermatozoon; sperm
Combining form macul/o-
small area or spot
ALL
A type of blood cancer
Combining form balan/o-
glans penis
Sudden - sometimes severe - bleeding from the nose
epistaxis
The suffix for the medical word bronchospasm
sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
The suffix -oma
tumor; mass
The combining form irid/o-
Colored portion of the eye
Combining form hered/o-
genetic inheritance
The word endotracheal means pertaining to within the
trachea
The combining form emot/o-
moving; stirring up
The combining form kines/o-
energy
The combining form audit/o-
the sense of hearing
The suffix -ile in penile and erectile means
pertaining to
The medical language definition of stethoscope is
an instrument used to examine the chest
Fear is spiders
arachnophobia
Examples of nevus
port-wine stain and moles
Combing form integument/o-
skin
Combing form vis/o-
sight; vision
Echolalia
repeating words that someone else has said
Combining form vers/o- and vert/o-
to travel; to turn
The combining form didym/o-
testes
Combining form ne/o-
new
Combining form kerat/o-
cornea (of the eye)
Combining form hallucin/o-
imagined perception
Abbreviation for a type of feeding tube
PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy)
Priapism creates pain and tenderness
Penis
The suffix -cyte
cell
Combining form phren/o-
diaphragm; mind
Cystoscopy is a procedure to visualize this
bladder
Combining form sagitt/o-
going from the front to back
Combining form supinat/o-
laying on the back
The combining form for the tail bone.
coccyg/o-
Another name for nephroblastoma
Wilm's tumor
ETOH
ethyl alcohol
Combining form axi/o-
axis
The abbreviation SAD
Seasonal affective disorder
Crepitus
A grinding noise heard as bone ends rub together
A patient with glossitis has inflammation of the
tongue
A surgeon performs a laryngectomy on the
voice box
The combining form fluor/o-
fluorescence
A myomectomy is done to remove
uterine fibroid tumors
Pertains to a hammer-shaped bone
mallear
A patient with body dysmorphic disorder
overly concerned about the body and has frequent plastic surgery
The prefix re- means
again and again
A word that means inflammation of the lungs
pneumonitis
All of these combining forms mean skin except
adip/o-

(cutane/o-, dermat/o-, integument/o- mean skin)
The prefix circum-
around
Repeated passage of stool into the clothing in a child older than the age of 5 that does not have gastrointestinal illness or disability
encopresis
Congenital
Present at birth
Karyotype
a cytology test that shows chromosome deletions or translocations
The opposite of hyperkinesis
bradykinesia
Difficult or abnormal labor and delivery
dystocia
Contains a word part that means cheek
buccal mucosa
Oligohydramnios
decreased volume of amniotic fluid
Combining form gustat/o-
the sense of taste
Combining form alg/o-
pain
The sensation of being off balance when the body is not moving.
vertigo
The combining form atri/o-
atrium
EBT
tomography that uses a beam of electrons
The suffix -penia
deficiency
Extreme happiness that accompanies mania
euphoria
The combining form tonsil/o-
tonsil
The combining form syncop/o-
fainting
Inflammation or infection of the testes
orchitis
Combining form laryng/o-
larynx (voice box)
Comining form roentgen/o-
x-rays; radiation
The combining form genit/o-
genitalia
Cause of idiopathic cardiomyopathy
unknown
Cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle
Combining form angi/o-
blood vessel
The abbreviation Ca
cancer
Combining form presby/o-
old age
Cryosurgery uses this to remove skin lesions
cold
Combining form alkal/o-
base (high pH)
Osseous tissue pertains to
bone
Another name for seminoma
testicular cancer
Combining form kerat/o-
a hard, fibrous protein
The combining form dist/o-
away from the point of origin
Word parts needed to build a medical word that means instrument used to examine a joint.
-scope, arthr/o-
Word that means enlargement of the liver
hepatomegaly
Combining form lacrim/o-
tears
Combining form cali/o-
calix
Painful intercourse
dyspareunia
Combining form rrhythm/o-
rhythm
The suffix -pathy
disease; suffering
Parts needed to build a medical word meaning inflammation of the appendix
appendic/o- and -itis
Agglutination
clumping together
Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart.
pericarditis
Test that involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying, lighted scope.
colposcopy
Combining form contract/o-
pull together
An example of a combining form
ven/o-
Parenchyma
functional cells of an organ
Combining form ven/o- has the same meaning
phleb/o-
Xerophthalmia
insufficient production of tears
Maximus
largest of a group
Use of radioactive substances to create images of body structures
nuclear medicine
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
Pneumonectomy
surgical excision of the lung
The suffix -ostomy
surgically created opening
The suffix -tripsy
process of crushing
Pertaining to within the ventricle
intraventricular
Abbreviation indicating impotence in a male
ED
Combining form for duodenum
duoden/o-
When the placenta prematurely seperates from the uterine wall before the baby has been born
abruptio placentae
Combining form pregn/o-
being with child
The suffix -crit
seperation of
Combining form pleg/o-
paralysis
Inflammation of the anatomical structure that stores mature spermatozoa
epididymitis
The suffix -ptysis
abnormal condition of coughing up
Combining form blephar/o-
eyelid
All of the following combining forms mean red except this
leuk/o-

(red: rub/o-, erythr/o-, eosin/o-)
Neurofibromatosis
von Recklinghausen's disease
Nuchal cord refers to this type of umbilical cord
around the neck of the fetus
Albuminuria
proteinuria
The suffix -itis
inflammation or infection of
Blood in urine
hematuria
The combining form albin/o-
white
Braxton Hicks
false labor pains
Combining form phob/o-
fear; avoidance
carcinomatosis
cancerous tumors in multiple sites
combining forms mamm/o- and mast/o-
breast
Combining form aden/o-
gland
Combining form dacry/o-
lacrimal sac; tears.
Combining form accommod/o-
to adapt
Prefix in the word dyspareunia
painful, difficult, or abnormal
Antiemetic drugs treat
vomiting
Combining form means triangle
delt/o-
Combining form enter/o-
intestine
The medical word parathyroid
beside the thyroid
Inflammation and adema of the optic disk
papilledema
Combining form estr/a-
female
Combining form encephal/o-
brain
Combining form ferr/o-
iron
Combining form to scrap off
abras/o-
Balanitis is an inflammation and infection of this
glans penis