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-Part of the Executive Branch
-Government organizations, usually staffed officials selected on the basis of experience and expertise, that implement public policy
-Hierarchical (Pyramid) organization into specialized staffs
-Still affected by Congress budget and oversight
- Government Corporations
-Independent Executive Agencies
Pendleton Act of 1883
-1st Act to deal with Federal Bureaucracy
-employement on the basis of merit and open competitive exams
-Civil Serive Commission to administer the personel service
Rutan vs. Republican Party of Illonois (1990)
(state level) Partisan political considerations as the basis for hiring, promoting or transferring public employees was illegeal; based on merit
Develop procedure and rules for implementing policy goals as outlined in legislation
Used to control or change private sector conduct
-command and control policy
command and control policy
punish those who do not do comply with the law
EX) FDA-restrict use of transfats in products
-Senate consent for appointees
-Reduced funding for an agency
-through juducial review on whether the bureaucracy has acted within the law and the US Constitution
-provide due process for individuals affected by a bureauatic action
-provide a service to the public
-charges for that service
-receive government subsidies to keep cost of theservices to the public law
EX) Post Office
Independent Executive Agencies
-Federal agencies that are not part of the Cabinet Structure
-Set by Congressional statues
-Defines the goals of the agency
-Set its power of rulemaking
-Ruled by Commissions, Boards or Panels
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