English Final Exam
Terms in this set (370)
What is the structure of an essay?
3 Steps to create an introduction
1. Start with hook- draw audience in
2. provide some info about topic
3. End with thesis (what your arguing) and organizing statement (how you are going to argue it)
3 steps to create a body paragraph
1. Topic sentence- basically a mini thesis statement for your paragraph
2. Make your point and support it with evidence; 2-3 examples per paragraph
3. transition- smoothly guide the reader to your next point
3 steps to write a conclusion
1. Restate your thesis (not exactly as you said it in your intro)
2. Summarize your argument (remind the reader what you just proved to them)
3. Tie it all together with a clincher
What needs to be cited in an essay?
-another sources research, theories, or ideas
-another sources argument or opinions
-facts that are not commonly known
-another sources visuals, tables, graphs, images, statistics, ect.
Who is the author of "To Kill a Mockingbird"?
Where does "To Kill a Mockingbird" take place?
-during the Great Depression
"To Kill a Mockingbird" can be described as a____ and ____ novel.
sub-genre of the Gothic style that relies on the supernatural, ironic, or unusual events to guide the plot and it uses these to explore social issues and reveal the cultural character of the American South
comming of age novel
What lesson was Prometheus intended to teach?
Do not steal. Do not try to deceive people because you will face the consequences. The gods have power over everyone.
What does the story of Prometheus reveal about Greek culture?
Greek culture is not forgiving. The people are afraid of the gods.
What lesson does Pandora's myth teach?
Don't judge a book by it's cover
What does the myth of Pandora reveal about Greek culture?
The gods are thought to be spiteful. They think women are a source of sorrow to men.
What lesson was the myth of Demeter and Persephone intended to teach?
Always listen to authority. You must always keep your word. Shows how the seasons came to be
What does the myth of Demeter and Persephone reveal about Greek culture?
They believe that this is how the seasons happened.
What lesson was the story of Theseus intended to teach?
Bravery. You can do anything you put your mind to. Physical strength is not the most important form of strength.
.What does the myth of Theseus reveal about Greek culture?
They valued intelligence and resourcefulness over physical strength
-Ruler of Mount Olympus and the pantheon of gods
-The titan god of time and ages
-father of Zeus
-swallowed 5 of his children
-the queen of the Underworld
-god of the sea
-taught mortals how to tame horses and build ships
-caused storms at sea and earthquakes
-god of prophecy, medicine, and archery
-King of Sparta who is married to Helen
-son of Gaia and Uranus
-god of the sun
-one of the 13 titans
-Sister and wife of Zeus
-godess of marriage and childbirth
-queen of Olympus
-The wife of the titan Kronos (Cronus)
-saved Zeus and hid him on the island of Crete
-the god of war
-god of the underworld
-taught mortals to respect the dead by following certain burial practices
-the goddess of the hunt
-King of Troy
-Married to Hecuba
-greatest greek warrior
-son of Thetis and Peleus
-kills the Trojan champion Hector
-killed by Paris (with the help of Apollo) when an arrow is shot at his heel
-best friend of Achilles
-fights in Achilles place wearing his armor and is killed by Hector
-gave birth to Uranus without any partner
-mother of Kronos
-gave birth to the hundred hand giants and cyclopes, the 13 titans
-also a godess of prophecy
-evil godess of discord
-created the apple marked "For the Fairest" that started the judgement of Paris
-guardian of the home
-taught mortals how to build houses
-born from the sea
-godess of love and beauty
-goddess of arts and crafts and defensive war
Helen of Troy
-daughter of Zeus and Leda
-fairest woman in the world
-married to Menelaus and taken away by Paris
-Queen of Troy
-married to Priam
-mother of Achilles
Trojan captive girl, given to Achilles as spoils of War, Agamemnon takes her after he is forced to give back Chryseis
sister of Hector,daughter of King Priam, has gift of prophesy but no one believes her, taken as war prize by King Agamemnon, Trojan
-son and husband of Gaea
-father of Kronos
-ruler of the universe before Kronos
-chopped into pieces and thrown into the sea
-goddess of grain
-taught mortals how to save the kernels of wild corn, plant them where they wanted corn to grow, and harvest the mature plants
-the renowned metal-smith
-stole Helen from Menelaus
-"the downfall of Troy"
-son of Priam and Hecuba
-greatest Trojan warrior
-killed by Achilles
-wife of Hector
-daughter of Apollo's priest taken by Agamemnon as a war prize
-had to be returned
-son of Hector and Andromache
-thrown off the wall of Troy by his mother to save him from slavery
-created all living creatures from a mixture of earth and water
-was humankind's great teacher
-stole fire from Mount Olympus and was punished and tortured by Zeus
- a titan
- distributed the qualities of each living creature
- accepted the gift of Pandora from the Olympians bringing all evils into the world
-created by Hephaestus
-beautiful with a deceitful nature
- opened a jar given to her by the Olympians that brought all evils into the world
traditional stories, rooted in particular cultures, that deal with gods, other supernatural beings, and human heroes. Often embody religious beliefs and values and explain natural phenomena
-enormous in size with incredible strength
-supreme rulers over the universe
group of gods in Greek mythology
a living human being subject to death
-Commander and Chief of greek army
When Menelaus and Paris are having a duel, who saves Paris right before being killed?
Who was bitten by a snake and left behind on an island?
Who is the brother of Menelaus?
Agamemnon who is married to Helen's twin sister, Clytemnestra, and angers Artemis so he must sacrifice his daughter.
Who does Hector murder that makes Achilles very angry?
Patroclus who is the cousin and best friend of Achilles
Who were the three goddesses in competition at the Judgement of Paris?
Hera, Athena, Aphrodite
Who killed Achilles?
Paris- with arrow guided by Apollo
How is Paris killed?
By one of Philoctetes' poisoned arrows
What gods are helping Troy?
Aphrodite, Ares, and Apollo
What gods are in between?
Zeus-likes Troy more but is afraid to stand against Hera
What gods are helping Greece?
Athena, Hera, and Posidon
How do the cyclopes live? What does this reveal about greek society?
-cyclopes are lawless
-reveals that in Greek Society lawlessness is not acceptable
-shows that greeks believe that society is what keeps us from acting like monsters
-cyclopes violate the social rule of order, community, and hospitality
What type of literature is The Odyssey?
Who wrote the Odyssey?
long narrative poem that portrays the heroic acts of legendary figures and mythical gods. Grand in style, length and scope, an epic provides a portrait of an entire culture, of the legends , beliefs, values, laws, arts, and way of life as a people
larger than life hero at the center of the epic
a poet who would narrate epic stories to the tune of a lyre
-Epic poems begin with this
-a plea to the Muse, or godess of poetry, for inspiration
This is the name for when a story begins in the middle of the action
brief descriptive phrases that emphasize an important characteristic of a person or thing
-also called Homeric Similes
-these are extended comparisons that go on for several lines
The protagonist of the Odyssey
-Wife of Odysseus
-Clever and wise, she tricks her suitors for three years
-Tries to rescue his mother from the suitors in Ithaca
-Son of Odysseus
Poseidon's role in the Odyssey
God of the sea; tries to get revenge on Odysseus for the blinding of Polyphemus the cyclops
Leader of the suitors
Odysseus' faithful servant who helps him defeat the suitors
The nymph who imprisons Odysseus for 7 years due to her love for him
The cyclops Odysseus blinds
-The sorceress who turns Odysseus's men to swine
-Gives Odysseus guidance
Monster in the form of a giant whirlpool
Odysseus' crew member who he encounters in the underworld
Legendary people who live on a plant who's fruit induces stupor and forgetfulness of home
Home to the Gods and Goddesses (except for Hades)
Multi-headed sea monster
Their song lures sailors to their death
A blind prophet who advises Odysseus in the underworld
The muse which Homer evokes
What does Penelope tell her maid to to do in order to test Odysseus?
She tells her maid to take out the bed in her room and put it outside.
How does Odysseus punish the suitors for their wrongdoing?
Kills all of them; even though they said they will repay him
King of the Phaeacians, to whom Odysseus tells his story. Eventually returns Odysseus home to Ithaca
When was The Odyssey written?
late 8th or early 7th century B.C.
How long did it take Odysseus to return home, including the time of the Trojan War?
-10=Journey throughout the Mediterranean Sea
Examples of epiphets
Odysseus, son of Laertes OR Odysseus, master of many exploits
What character does Circe tell Odysseus needs to go to the underworld to see?
Tiresias; a man that was on his ship and died; he is in underworld because he wasn't properly buried
The Globe Theatre
The most famous theatre in England built by Shakespeare's company, The King's Men
the model of tragedy that Shakespeare was inspired by.
the two places where Othello takes place
Cyprus and Venice
What do all Shakespearean tragedies end with?
the death of the protagonist
English Morality plays
served as partial inspiration for Shakespeare's plays
when the character is alone on stage and we "hear" their thoughts
posses admirable qualities representing some sort of peak of humanity
some trait or defect in the tragic hero that leads to an error on the part of the hero, ultimately leading to his downfall
the purging of pity and fear that is supposed to occur in tragedy
a character whose actions serve to highlight those of another character
What is the reason Roderigo becomes involved in Iago's plot?
he wants to marry Desdemona
What is the reason Cassio falls into Iago's web?
he wants to regain his position and favor with Othello
What is the reason Desdemona falls victim to Iago's plan?
She has pity for Cassio and wants to reunite Othello and Cassio because they are friends
why does Emilia falls into Iago's trap?
she wants to please her husband
the change from ignorance to knowledge
the necessary reversal of fortunes, from good to bad
-divided into 5 acts
-tragic heros are couragous and dignified in the face of death
-stage has many dead bodies at the end of the play
What are the themes in Othello?
-Appearance vs. Reality
-Power of Jealousy
-Manhood and Honor
-Role of Women in Society
-uncle of Desdemona
-brings letters from Venice to Cyrpus
-governor of Cyprus before Othello's arival
-kinsman of Brabantio
-accompanies Gratiano from Venice to Cyprus
-senator in Venice
-father to Desdemona
-prostitute in Cyprus
-in love with Cassio
a comment made by a character on stage, not heard by other characters, just the audience; meant to represent the character's thoughts
-General of the armies of Venice
-Discriminated against because he is a foreigner and he is black
-Called a Moor
Why does Iago plots Othello's downfall?
he is angry for Othello for not promoting him and he thinks Othello slept with his wife
The fact that Othello kills Desdemona demonstrates this theme
the power of jealousy
The fact that Emilia helps her husband even though he is awful to her demonstrates this theme
the role of women in society
The animalistic descriptions of Othello demonstrate this theme
The fact that Cassio and Othello trust Iago till the end demonstrates this theme
appearance versus reality
When Othello starts using animalistic imagery himself, he demonstrates this theme
the power of jealousy
What is the "evidence" that seals Desdemona's fate for Othello?
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
ex: A big bully beats a baby boy.
the character who speaks in, or narrates the poem- the voice assumed by the writer
the emotional attitude toward the reader or toward the subject implied by the poem (i.e. Sarcastic, playful, ironic, serious, sincere)
emotion created in the reader by the poem
time and place in which the poem occurs, together with all the details used to create a sense of a particular time and place
conditions in which the poem occurs
The way in which a writer uses language to reflect his or her unique personality and attitude towards a topic, form, and audience
difference between appearance and reality
something that is known by the reader or audience but unknown to characters
when author, speaker, or character says one thing but means another
event occurs that violates the expectations or character, reader, or audience
choice of words
two line stanza
Writing or speech that is meant to be understood imaginatively instead of literally
comparison between two things
comparison using like or as
figure of speech in which an animal, thing, force of nature, or idea is given human qualities
repetition of sounds in words
pattern of beats or stresses in a line of poetry
regular rhythmic pattern
poem that tells a story
specific type of narrative poem which relies on the elements of drama, such as monologue or dialogue to tell the story
poems that consist of four line, rhyming stanzas that tell are story
expresses the emotions of the speaker, and tends to be musical in style. They can sometimes be free verse which means they have no regular rhyme, meter, or stanza division
unrhymed iambic pentameter.
five sets of unstressed syllables followed by stressed syllables
poem intended to honor or praise someone or something
formal poem lamenting the death of someone
Fourteen line poem, usually written in iambic pentameter
three quatrains and a rhyming couplet (ababa cdcd efef gg)
one octave and a sestet (abbaabba cdecde)
when two or more words close to one another repeat the same vowel sound but start with different consonant sounds.
ex: "Men sell the wedding bells."
the deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence in order to achieve an artistic effect
ex: "My life is my purpose. My life is my goal. My life is my inspiration."
a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle )
What type of poem is "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summers Day"?
Who is the poet of "7 Ages of Men"?
Who is the poet of "I Know I Am but Summer to your Heart"?
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Who is the author of the poem "Cinderella"?
What type of poem is "Cinderella"?
What kind of Poem is "7 Stages of Men"?
Who wrote "An Ancient Gesture"?
Edna St. Vincent Millay
What kind of poem is "An Ancient Gesture"?
Who is the poet of "Siren Song"?
What kind of poem is "Siren Song"?
Who is the poet of "The Lake Isle of Innisfree"?
William Bulter Yeats
What type of poem is "The Lake Isle of Innisfree"?
Who was the poet of "The Second Coming"?
William Butler Yeats
Who wrote "How do I Love Thee"?
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
What type of sonnet is "How do I love thee?
What type of a poem is "The Second Coming"?
(n.) a pledge; freedom from doubt, self-confidence
(n.) an institution for the care of children, elderly people, etc.; a place of safety
v.) to comfort; (n.) the keyboard of an organ; a control panel for an electrical or mechanical device
(v.) to make or become larger or wider; to expand upon
(n.) refuse, waste products
(v.) to lessen, diminish
(adj.) lacking in seriousness; disrespectful, saucy
n.) resistance to disease; freedom from some charge or obligation
(v.) to establish, set up; (n.) organization that promotes learning
(n.) a debt; something disadvantageous
(adj.) ridiculous, senseless
(adj.) quarrelsome, fond of fighting
(adj.) furious, violently intense, unreasonably extreme; mad infected with rabies
(n.) a kingdom; a region or field of study
(v.) to make young again; to make like new
(v.) to reward, pay, reimburse
(adj.) meager, scant; scattered
(adj.) genuine, excellent; made of silver of standard fineness
n.) a risky or daring undertaking; (v.) to expose to danger to dare
(v.) to twist out of shape; (n.) an abnormality
(v.) to divide and give out in shares
(adj.) genuine; sincere
(adj.) able to float easily; able to hold things up; cheerful, hopeful
(n.) a small, exclusive group of people
(v.) to admit as true; to yield, submit
(adj.) getting on well with others; agreeable, pleasant
(adj.) very high; noble
(n.) a movement from one country or region to another
(v.) to be aware of through the senses, observe; to grasp mentally
(adj.) inclined to go against what is expected; stubborn; turned away from what is good and proper
(n.) an introduction; that which comes before or leads off
(adj.) stale, spoiled
(adj.) country-like; simple, plain; awkward; (n.) one who lives in the country
(v.) to separate, divide into parts
(adj.) wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfish
(adj.) not capable of being held or defended; impossible to maintain
(adj.) able to do many things well; capable of many uses
v.) to clear from hint or charge of wrongdoing; to defend
successfully against opposition; to justify
(v.) to lose size, strength, or power
(adj.) sufficient to be noticed or measured
(adj.) absolute in power or authority
(v.) to remove the color from; to make or turn pale; to parboil
n.) an act, utterance, or writing showing contempt for something sacred
(adj.) strong, muscular
(adj.) planned or performed in cooperation with others
(v.) to fight, struggle; to compete; to argue
(adj.) kind, merciful
(adj.) very famous, distinguished
(adj.) not easy, requiring hard work; hardworking
(adj.) bending easily, limber
(v.) to abuse, use roughly or crudely
(v.) to consider carefully, reflect on
(adj.) intended to undermine or overthrow; (n.) one who advocates or attempts to undermine a political system
(adj.) made or put together by people; (n.) something artificial
(adj.) mild, moderate
(adj.) poisonous; spiteful, mean
(adj.) sly, shrewd, cunning
(v.) to conduct or bear oneself, behave; to be in agreement
(adj.) expressing much in a few words
(adj.) sober or serious in manner, modest
(n.) a lessening in value; a belittling
(v.) to lower in quality or value; to wear away
(v.) to tell, reveal; to make public
(adj.) free from ignorance and false ideas; possessing sound understanding
(v.) to prevent by acting first
(v.) to distort in such a way as to make unintelligible
(n.) one who puts forward a proposal; one who supports a cause or belief
(v.) to shake, tremble; to trill
(v.) to spring back, shrink; (n.) the act of springing back
(v.) to make up for, regain
(n.) an unpleasant smell; (v.) to give off unpleasant smells; to give a strong impression
(adj.) unyielding, harsh, without pity
(n.) a small stream
(v.) to spend foolishly, waste
(adj.) detached or disconnected in sound or style
(n.) a law
(adj.) thoroughly skilled; (n.) an expert
(v.) to have ambitious hopes or plans, strive toward a higher goal, desire earnestly; to ascend
(adj.) bare, dreary, dismal
(v.) to blame; scold
(adj.) worthy of scorn, contemptible
(adj.) small, smaller than most others of the same type
(v.) to free from slavery; to release or liberate
(adj.) incorrect, containing mistakes
(v.) to make use of, develop; to make improper use of for personal profit; (n.) a feat, deed
(adj.) made or delivered on the spur of the moment
(v.) to make imperfect, damage, harm
(adj.) not able to be defeated, unbeatable
(adj.) drooping; without energy, sluggish
n.) mud; wet, swampy ground; a tough situation; (v.) to get stuck
(adj.) forward; undesirably prominent; thrust out
(n.) an introduction to a speech or piece of writing
(v.) to cause to become; to perform; to deliver officially; to process, extract
(adj.) rough, irregular; severe, stern; strong; stormy
(adj.) inclined to doubt; slow to accept something as true
(adj.) untidy in dress, personal habits, etc.; careless, sloppy
(adj.) giving assistance or support; (n.) a helper, aid
(adj.) frank, sincere; impartial; unposed
(n.) a small room or compartment
(n.) work that is hard and tiresome
(n.) a representative or messenger (as of a government)
(v.) to elevate; to increase in intensity
(n.) a means to an end; (adj.) advantageous, useful
(v.) to pretend
(n.) a natural quality, talent, or skill; a distinctive style
(adj.) causing sorrow or pain; serious
(adj.) composed of different kinds, diverse
(n.) a vast number (as of people); a throng
(v.) to force, drive forward
(adj.) disbelieving, skeptical
(v.) to write or engrave; to enter a name on a list
(n.) a speech by one actor; a long talk by one person
(n.) a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease or situation
(adj.) with a harsh, grating sound; (n.) a harsh sound
(adj.) offensive, disagreeable, distasteful
(v.) to sink a ship by cutting holes in it; to get rid of something in a decisive way; to run hastily, scurry; (n.) a pail
Our narrator is Scout, a girl who will grow from age 6 to almost 9 during the story. What do you suppose we, as the readers, should be aware of as we listen to Scout tell her story? Is a child a reliable or unreliable narrator? Defend your answer.
We as readers should listen to the way Scout talks and the language that she uses. She is an unreliable narrator because she is still a child and although she is very literate, she still has the perspective of a child and connot comprehend situations the same as an adult would.
Jem and Scout call their father by his first name, Atticus, instead of calling him "Dad" or "Daddy." What does this tell you about their relationship?
Calling their father by his first name shows that the relationship between them is not as strong as others. Instead of a warm and fuzzy relationship, it is more serious and distant. It is not a strong bond.
We know that the setting of this story will be Maycomb, Alabama, a sleepy Southern town that's a little rough around the edges. What is the time period of this story? Give evidence to support your conclusion about the time period of this novel.
The time period of this story is in the 1930s. We know this because at one point she does say it in the story. The second way we know this is because in terms of money, smaller amounts were used daily such as winning ten dollars for a contest
Dill, the children's neighbor during the summer, is described as "a pocket Merlin, whose head teemed with eccentric plans, strange longings, and quaint fancies." What does this mean?
This means that Dill is a rather strange person. He is into fiction and make-believe. He likes pretending and doing things the old fashioned way. Dill is not your everyday average kid.
Who are the Radleys? Describe their house and yard
The Radleys are neighbors with Atticus and his family. They first appeared a long time ago when Jem was really young. They were strange to the people in town. The family always kept to themselves and seemed to have many bizarre rumors about them, especially their son Boo Radley. The house always looks abandoned and no one is every seen entering or leaving the house. The shades are always closed and there is never movement in the house. The yard is unkempt and the children are always afraid to pass.
Who were the Cunningham boys and what happened to them? What's the irony here?
The Cunningham boys were part of a very poor family. They were part of a gang that got arrested for troublemaking. They were sent to a delinquent hall where they actually received a good education. Boo Radley was part of this gang, but was denied access into the center.
According to Jem, how do you get a turtle to come out of its shell? In what way might this idea be an apt parallel to get people to do what they don't want to do? Give a real-world example to support your answer
According to Jem, you make a turtle come out of its shell by striking a match under it. This may be parallel to get people to do what they don't want to do because when the turtle senses fire near its house, it has to come out in order to avoid it. The same goes for people. Even if we don't want to do something, we might have to because it's the only choice without something bad happening.
Find a simile from this chapter and write down the sentence in which it appears.
"Ladies bathed before noon, after their three-o'clock naps, and by nightfall were like soft teacakes with frostings of sweat ad sweet talcum."
Why does Scout's ability to read and write annoy her teacher, Miss Caroline?
Scout's ability to read and write annoys Miss Caroline because it seems like Miss Caroline has nothing to teach Scout, since she already knows everything the first grade should be learning. This makes Miss Caroline feel like she cannot do her job.
Attitcus says that country people, like the Cunninghams, were hit the hardest by "the crash." To what is he referring? Why would country people be the ones to suffer the most?
Here, Atticus is referring to the crash of the stock market as "the crash". Country people suffered the most because the money he made had to go to mortgage for the acres that were not entailed, and anything he got to keep went straight to interest. Because of this, the Cunninghams had no real money.
Why are professional people also suffering?
Professional people are also suffering because money was hard to come by and people could not afford their services, so they didn't get paid
Why does Jem not want Scout to acknowledge him at school? Is his behavior typical of an older brother?
He does not want Scout to acknowledge him because he doesn't want Scout embarrassing him in front of his friends. Yes, this is typical behavior in an older brother because they do not want to be bothered in front of their friends by their little siblings.
An entailment is an unusual legality that prohibits a piece of land from being sold. It was designed to protect a family's interest in a piece of land because it could only be passed down to a member of the same family, never sold for profit. Jem describes an entailment as "a condition of having your tail in a crack," and Atticus later says that Jem's description is surprisingly accurate. How is this an apt description for the Cunningham family?
If an animal's tail is caught in a crack, it can't move. Therefore, this is an accurate description because the Cunninghams are stuck with the land they own and cannot sell it for profit. They have no choice but to stay with their land, just like their tails are stuck in a crack.
What do you think of Miss Caroline Fisher as a teacher?
I think that Miss Caroline, as a teacher, takes a lot in self-pride. She thinks that everything the kids learn has to be from her. Because of this, I do not like her. Education should also come from experiences, not just form her. She is too harsh on the children when things do not go her way. I do not think she is a good teacher.
Why does Walter Cunningham drench his lunch in molasses/syrup?
Walter drenches his lunch in syrup because he comes from a poor family and doesn't usually have the opportunity to enjoy things such as molasses, so he wants to take advantage of it while he can.
When Scout criticizes Walter Cunningham's eating habits, Calpurnia scolds Scout, smacks her on the bottom as she sends the girl out of the room, and then lectures her on proper manners, saying, "Yo' folks might be better'n the Cunninghams but it don't count for nothin' the way you're disgracin' 'em." What does Calpurnia mean here? Is she right?
Here, Calpurnia means that even if Scout and her family have higher status than the Cunninghams, it wouldn't mean anything. This is because insulting and criticizing them means stooping down to their level, no matter how much more money they have.
In the tiff between Scout and Calpurnia, Atticus takes Calpurnia's side. What does this show us?
This shows us that Atticus has respect for Calpurnia and agrees with the way she is teaching Scout.
Describe the way that Atticus treats Walter. What do you think of this?
Atticus is very polite towards Walter. They are talking like grown men. I think that this is the right thing to do because Walter is much poorer than his family and it is a good thing to do and give Walter some pleasure.
Atticus tells Scout that you never really understand a person "until you climb into his skin and walk around in it." What does this mean? Give an example from your world to illustrate this idea.
This means that you can never understand a person until you know and experience their situation and the way they live. An example of this is when someone is in a fight with his or her parents. They might think its unfair, but by walking in their shoes you can see that they might be being harsh to protect you.
What is the "compromise" which Atticus suggests at the end of the chapter?
The compromise is that as long as Scout agrees ad continues going to school, they can still read every night even though Miss Caroline said not to.
Who are the Ewells? How are they the same as the Cunninghams? How are they different?
The Ewells are have been the "disgrace of Maycomb for three generations". This family was full of troublemakers and never worked hard. They were also very poor, like the Cunninghams. They are different than the Cunninghams because they do not work while Walter and his family do nothing but work to to try to pay for everything they owe.
Why do Maycomb officials bend the rules for the Ewells? Is this the right thing to do?
What does Scout think of her school's new style of education? What does this failing show us about adults?
Scout does not like this new teaching style. She feels as though she is being cheated out of learning. Scout was bored and tired and felt like she wasn't learning anything. This shows that the adults are failing to see that students are at different levels and it is not helping keeping them behind.
What's the first thing Scout finds in the knothole of the tree on the edge of the Radley property? What's the second thing she finds? How many of each item was there? Significance of this? Who, do you suppose, put the items in the tree hole?
The first thing Scout finds is a silver gum wrapper. Then she found two pieces of gum (that have already been chewed). There were two pieces and one wrapper. This is important because unless someone chewed the gum two different times, there were two different people. I think it was someone from the Radley house.
Scout has two reasons for wanting to quit Jem and Dill's Radley game. What are they?
The second reason she wanted to quit was because Atticus had caught them playing and suspected that they were making fun of the Radleys. She did not want to be caught. The first reason she wanted to quit was because when she had rolled into the Radley yard, she heard someone laughing from inside the house.
Describe Miss Maudie Atkinson. How typical is she of Maycomb's women? What do the children think of her?
Miss Maudie Atkinson is not a typical Maycomb woman. She is different because she supports Atticus and what he is doing with the Tom Robinson case. She also doesn't scold Jem and Scout like many of the other women do. She is kind to them and so Scout and Jem actually like her.
Miss Maudie says, "...sometimes the Bible in the hands of one man is worse than a whiskey bottle in the hand of—oh, of your father." Explain what she means.
Some people who are bad and toxic people will still do bad things with good things in their hand. Mr. Radley uses the Bible to justify their bad actions. Atticus is a good person so he can't do anything bad when drunk with whiskey.
What does Miss Maudie tell Scout about Boo? How does this compare with what Scout already believes?
She tells Scout that Boo was a very polite boy and talked to her everyday. She also said that what the town has been saying is what drove him to stay in the house. And also that if he is not crazy, he should be since he has been in that house for all this time.
Scout says that "Dill Harris could tell the biggest" lies she ever heard. Why might Dill have told such lies?
Dill probably told such big lies because he doesn't want Jem and Scout to know that he doesn't have a soid family and that he is constantly moving around. He is probably ashamed of his background and doesn't want them to know, so he lies to have a fresh start.
Paraphrase Atticus' speech about the Radleys' right to privacy. Do you agree with his point of view? Why or why not?
Atticus' speech is basically saying that the Radley's have the right to do what they want when it comes to their privacy and they shouldn't have to change that because of the curiosity of the two kids. I agree with Atticus because people shouldn't have to come out of their houses if they don't want to, and the neighbors shouldn't have the right to change that.
List the four reasons Jem and Dill give for deciding to peek into the Radley window on this particular night.
The four reasons were; nobody could see them at night, Atticus would be so deep in a book he wouldn't hear the Kingdom coming, if Boo Radley killed them, they would miss school instead of vacation, and it is easier to see inside a dark house in the dark rather than trying to look in the daytime.
Find and write down the line from early in the chapter that foreshadows the trouble Jem will have when he tries to flee the Radley's backyard.
"It was a tight squeeze for Jem."
Jem wants to return to the Radley yard and fetch his pants so he can stay out of trouble with Atticus. Scout wants Jem to leave the pants where they are and face the consequences with Atticus. With which child do you agree? Why?
I agree with Scout because I don't think it is worth the risk of getting shot by Mr. Radley. I would rather be scolded than almost shot.
According to Scout, what's the only good thing about second grade?
The only good thing was that Scout had to stay as late as Jem so they could walk back home together.
What spooked Jem on the night of the Radley house incident? Who do you suppose, did this?
What spooked Jem was that when he retrieved his pants, they were mended and folded neatly instead of in a bunch and ripped when he had left them. I think that Boo Radley did this.
After they find the soap dolls, what does Jem realize that Scout does not yet understand?
Jem realizes that Boo Radley is watching them. He also thinks that Boo Radley isn't as harmful as they thought.
Look closely at this line: "Jem stared at me so long I asked what was the matter, but got Nothing, Scout for an answer." What does the elimination of the quotation punctuation do for this passage?
It is more indicative of everyday speech. It makes it feel more authentic and like Jem is actually speaking to us.
At the end of the chapter, Jem quietly cries alone on the porch. Give two reasons to explain Jem's tears.
Jem is crying because Nathan Radley cut off communication between Boo and them, and it also stopped whatever relationship it could have been.
What does Mr. Avery say that bad children cause? What's ironic about this, given Jem and Scout's reaction to the snow?
Mr. Avery says that disobeying children cause the weather to change. This is ironic because Jem and Scout actually really like the weather.
Why does Atticus awaken Jem and Scout instead of just letting them sleep through the fire incident? Give a line of text to support your answer.
He wakes them up because if the fire spreads to the other houses, he does not want Jem and Scout in the house. "See which way the wind's blowing?"
During the fire, Boo Radley has quietly placed a blanket across Scout's shoulders. Why doesn't Jem want his father to return the blanket to the Radley family?
He is worried that Boo will get in trouble with Nathan for leaving the house, since Nathan was outside fighting the fire.
After the fire is over, how does Miss Maudie feel about the destruction of her house? What does this tell you about her character, her values?
She is actually okay with the fire because she said she didn't like the house anyways and now when she rebuilds it, she'll make it smaller so she has more room for her garden. This shows that she always sees situations with a positive eye and tries to see the best in everything, and that everything happens for a reason.
Write down the line of text from this chapter that shows Jem believes that he and Scout are no better than anyone else in their town.
When Miss Maudie wrecked her hands from working in the garden so much, Jem offers to do the same work that an African - American man might be hired to do. He has a sense of equality between what the black men do and what they do.
Go back and look at the portion that describes Jem and Scout's snowman, which is covered with white snow on the outside, but has a core of dark mud. Symbolically connect the snowman to either Mr. Avery (go beyond the "Morphodite's" physical similarity to Mr. Avery) or Boo Radley. How could the snowman be seen as a symbol for one of these men?
This snowman can be a symbol of Boo Radley because the white on the outside is what everybody sees. Everybody thinks of Boo as a crazy murderous man. But on the inside of the snowman is brown. Boo Radley is actually nicer than everybody thinks, example him keeping communication with Scout and Jem, as well as giving them blankets during the fire.
When Atticus speaks of defending Tom Robinson, he says, "Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win." To what is Atticus referring? Why would it be worthwhile to fight a battle that you know you're going to lose?
He is referring to a time before the civil war where African - Americans were slaves. Even though slavery was abolished there is still tension between whites and blacks and Atticus rather fight on the losing team with the blacks because there should be no shame in fighting for the right thing.
Think about Scout's fight with Francis and Atticus' message to Uncle Jack about children being able to "spot an evasion quicker than adults." How do these two elements connect to the value of having Scout, a child, be the narrator of this story?
This contributes to the value of having Scout as the narrator because since she is a kid, the reader will be able to see the truth more clearly since kids are able to tell what is right and wrong easier.
Atticus is worried about "ugly things" that the family will face in the next few months. Although we haven't read this part of the story yet, what sorts of things do you suppose have Atticus worried?
Atticus is most likely worrying about all of the tensions that come with defending Tom Robinson. People will insult and maybe even hurt Atticus and his family because there are people who do not think Atticus should be defending black people.
Thinking back to earlier chapters, what do we know about the Ewells? From this chapter, what do we know about Tom Robinson? Given this, why would the townsfolk be more likely to accept Mr. Ewell's testimony than Mr. Robinson's?
We know that the Ewells are troublemakers who have never worked a day in their lives. We only know that Tom Robinson is an African American who is being defended in trial by Atticus. People will more likely accept the Ewells' testimony because they are white Maycomb people. The racial tensions are very high in Maycomb and probably because of that people will stick with the Ewells.
According to Atticus, what is Maycomb's "usual disease?" Why is he worried that his children will catch it?
The usual disease is racism. He is afraid that his kids will learn to stick with racism because in this trial there will be a lot of racial comments and he does not want Jem and Scout to think that it is okay to be racist like that.
Read the final sentence of this chapter. Explain in your own words what it means. In what way is his conversation with his brother also a message for his daughter?
Here, Atticus rather have Scout hear his lecture while he is talking to Jack rather then when he is talking to her. He probably thinks that if she is ease dropping then she will listen better than him scolding her like he always does.
Record the line of text that includes the reference to the title. Explain its meaning in the scene and take a guess as to the idea's larger meaning.
"Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird." It allows us to see how we attack others when they do nothing to deserve it. Mockingbirds are the kind of people that always give to the world and it would be wrong to do any harm to them. It especially has the most meaning when it comes to this story because the blacks here are similar to the mockingbirds. They don't do anything to harm the whites, sometimes they even help. But the whites still looked down on them. Here, Lee implied that racism is parallel and sinful as killing a mockingbird.
At the beginning of the chapter, Scout is critical of Atticus because he seems old and doesn't do anything that she deems impressive. By the end of the chapter, her opinion has changed. Why?
Scout's opinion changes because she sees Atticus shoot a rifle and learns about his past. He was the best shooter in Maycomb and was notorious for it.
Why isn't Atticus proud of his shooting ability?
He thinks that he had an unfair advantage over every other loving thing because he has the ability to take a life so quickly
What is Miss Stephanie Crawford's reaction to the death of Tim Johnson?
She was concerned about what Harry Johnson would think about the insanity and then death of his dog. She was also surprised that the dog turned mad in February rather than in the summer.
When Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose pushes Jem too far, he loses his mind a bit, destroying her flowers and breaking Scout's baton. What other rough thing does he do in that moment? What message can we take from this part of the incident?
roughs up Scout by yanking her hair and pushing her. We can learn from this incident that Jem has always been level headed but eventually people have to burst and we also know that Jem feels strongly about his father and cant handle insults towards him very well.
What was Jem's punishment? Did it fit his crime?
His punishment was to read to Mrs. Dubose for two hours everyday for a month. I think this was a suitable punishment and it would have been better than any other scolding.
Atticus is not upset that Mrs. Dubose calls him foul names behind his back. To Scout, he explains, "...it's never an insult to be called what somebody thinks is a bad name. It just shows you how poor that person is, it doesn't hurt you." Explain his meaning. Do you agree or disagree with him? Why?
He means that bad words and insult tell more about the person rather than the victim. It tells more about their character, since they are saying such foul things to other people.
Why does Mrs. Dubose keep the children a few minutes longer each day?
She is trying to end her addiction to morphine and uses the children as a distraction from the medication. Slowly each day, she stays away longer from morphine than the day before.
In what ways was Mrs. Dubose heroic?
She is heroic because she is doing what is really hard for others and she is doing a good and reasonable job of it. It is extremely hard to get over an addiction but she was accomplishing it. She is fighting a battle even though she knows she going to lose.
.Other than living on the same street, what do Boo Radley, Atticus, and Mrs. Dubose all have in common? What larger message is supported by examination of these three characters?
All of these people are different to Scout than she originally thought. She thought of these people in one way, but they continued to prove her wrong
Look back over this chapter and record two similes.
"You looks like a picture this evening."
"His voice was like the winter wind."