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35 terms

Personality Theory Final Part 1

Words for Taboo final Freud related words
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Sigmund Freud
founder of psychodynamics. Theorized the Id, Ego, and Superego. Free Association. Oedipus complex
1st Force in Psychology
This "wave" is Psychodynamics, led by Freud
Unconscious
below mental awareness the iceberg, what's under the ocean
Preconscious
Mental elements that are not currently in awareness but can be recalled into awareness with varying degrees of difficulty. Associated with Freud
conscious
Mental elements that are not currently in awareness but can be recalled into awareness with varying degrees of difficulty. Associated with Freud
Id
Aspect of personality associated with Freud, driven by the pleasure principle
Ego
Part of personality associated with Freud, driven by reality principle, mediates between the needs of the Id and the superego
Superego
Part of personality associated with Freud, driven by the moralistic principle, rule oriented, decide what is right and wrong.
Repression
Defense mechanism, forcing unwanted experiences into the unconscious to defend against pain and anxiety.
Reaction Formation
Defense Mechanism, Person represses one impulse and adopts the exact opposite form of behavior. Gay person protesting gay marriage.
Displacement
defense mechanism in which unwanted urges are directed onto other objects or people to disguise the original impulse.
Denial
defense mechanism, blocking of an experience or an aspect of it from awareness because it is inconsistent with self-concept
Fixation
in psychosexual development when an individual becomes stuck in a stage he is _________, defense mechanism that arises when psycic energy is blocked at one stage of development, thus making change or psychological growth difficult.
Regression
reverting of behaviors learned in earlier stages of life, defense mechanism.
Projection
defense mechanism, the ego reduces anxiety by attributing an unwanted impulse onto another person. A person who is always untidy with always say that his/her roommate is a slob.
Dissociation
defense mechanism, in which the process of separating unwanted impulses, desires, and needs from the self system.
compartmentalization
defense mechanism, putting areas of life into distict section not allowing them to intermix when there is a problem in one area, it cannot affect the other.
Sublimation
defense mechanism, repression of the genital aim of arrows, substitution my a cultural or social aim. Someone who is angry and wants to be aggressive, who instead goes running, which is socially acceptable.
Oral stage
Psychosexual development, pleasure from the mouth. 12 to 18 mo. of life.
Anal stage
Psychosexual development, pleasure from the excretory function, potty training, happens in the second year of life.
phallic stage
Psychosexual development, oedipus complex is navigated in this section, assocaited with knowing the difference between gender specific body parts.
Oedipus Complex
Frueds's most controversial theory. Boy identifies with mom, falls in love with mom, fears castration, realizes can't have mom, becomes like/identifies with dad, hopes to find woman like mom.
Latency stage
Psychosexual development, time between infancy and puberty when psychosexual development is at a stand still.
Genital stage
Psychosexual development, associated with adolescents, period of life beginning with puberty and continues into adulthood that is marked by full sexual identity.
Feudian slips
also called a paraprax, misreading or incorrectly saying something that is caused by unconscious wishes or desires.
Latent Content
the unconscious meaning of a dream, revealed through interpretation, Freud believed this was more important than what actually happened or was manifested.
Manifest Content
parts of the dream that are being described, surface or conscious level of a dream.
Psychoanalysis
Psychology as proposed by Freud, theory of personality, approach to Psychotherapy and methods of investigation.
Reality Principle
Ego is driven by this, what is possible versus what the superego and id want.
Pleasure Principle
Id is driven by this, instinctual or natural urges.
Idealistic/Moralistic principle
Superego is driven by this, rules and norms of what is right and wrong.
Libido
sex or pleasure seeking drive.
Defense Mechanisms
ways the ego diverts anxiety, not healthy to use all the time, but everybody uses them to some extent.
Transference
Strong undeserved feelings the patient/client develops toward the analysist during the course of treatment, stems from previous experiences about parents.
Parapraxis
a Freudian slip, as a result of unconsious wishes.