84 terms

Fungi

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soil
Most of the fungus grows below the mushroom in the ________.
many
Most species of fungi are ________-celled organisms.
eukaryotic
Fungi cells are ________ because their cells contain a nucleus.
one
Some fungi cells contain more than ________ nucleus.
chlorophyll
Fungi cells don't contain the green pigment ________ and cannot make their own food.
food
Fungi cells don't contain the green pigment chlorophyll and cannot make their own ________.
saprophytes
Most fungi are ________, an organisms that feeds off of nonliving organic matter.
parasites
Some fungi are ________, organisms that feed off of living organic matter.
spores
Fungi reproduce by small, waterproof structures called ________.
humid
Fungi grow best in warm, ________ areas, such as tropical forests or the spaces between your toes.
tropical
Fungi grow best in warm, humid areas, such as ________ forests or the spaces between your toes.
toes
Fungi grow best in warm, humid areas, such as tropical forests and the spaces between your ________.
hyphae
The body of a fungus is usually a mass of many-celled, threadlike tubes called ________.
food
The hyphae of a fungus grow throughout the fungus's ________ source.
enzymes
The ________ of a fungus help break down a fungus's food source.
sexually
When fungi reproduce ________, the hyphae of two different organisms of the same type of fungus grow close together and fuse.
reproductive
Fungi are classified according to the type of ________ structures they produce.
club
Mushrooms, shelf fungi, puffballs, and toadstools are all examples of ________ fungi.
club
The spores of ________ fungi are produced in club-like structures called basidium.
basidia
The spores of club fungi are produced in club-like structures called ________.
sac
Yeasts, molds, morels, and truffles are all examples of ________ fungi.
sac
The spores of ________ fungi are produced in sac-like structures called asci.
asci
The spores of sac fungi are produced in sac-like structures called ________.
ascus
This is a sac, typically cylindrical in shape, in which the spores of sac fungi are produced.
basidium
This is a microscopic, club-shaped spore-bearing structure produced by club fungi.
one
Yeasts are ________-celled fungi.
edible
Many morels are ________ and appear in early spring.
zygospore
The fuzzy, black mold that you sometimes find growing on old bread or a piece of fruit is a type of ________ fungus.
sporangia
A zygospore fungus reproduces by making reproductive structures called ________.
Imperfect
________ fungi only reproduce asexually.
organic
Fungi are important to the environment because they break down ________ matter.
organic
All living organisms are made of ________ matter.
lichen
A ________ is formed when a fungus and either a green alga or a cyanobacterium live together.
pollution
Lichens can be used to monitor ________ levels in an area because they are sensitive to pollutants present in rain and air.
mycorrhizae
A fungus called ________ grows on the roots of plants and help the roots to absorb water and nutrients.
water
A fungus called mycorrhizae grows on the roots of plants and help the roots to absorb ________ and nutrients.
nutrients
A fungus called micorrhizae grows on the roots of plants and help the roots to absorb water and ________.
rise
Fungi called yeasts can be used to make bread ________.
yeasts
Fungi called ________ can be used to make bread rise.
antibiotics
Many fungi naturally produce ________ to prevent bacteria from growing near them.
Penicillin
________ is an important antibiotic produced by fungi and was discovered by Alexander Flemming.
club
The four division of fungi are ________, sac, zygospore, and imperfect fungi.
sac
The four divisions of fungi are club, ________, zygospore, and imperfect fungi.
zygospore
The four divisions of fungi are club, sac, ________, and imperfect fungi.
imperfect
The four divisions of fungi are club, sac, zygospore, and ________ fungi.
hyphae
In picture "A" what is number one pointing to?
reproductive structure
In picture "A" what is number two pointing to?
reproductive structure
In picture "A" what is number three pointing to?
mycellium
In picture "A" what is number four pointing to?
hyphae
In picture "A" what is number five pointing to?
spore
In picture "A" number six is pointing to the ________ producing structures.
sexually
Picture "B" shows how fungi reproduce ________.
sexually
Picture "C" shows how fungi reproduce ________.
basidium
Picture "D" shows the ________ of a club fungi.
four
In picture "D" how many spores are attached to the basidium?
toadstool
What type of fungus is in picture "E" ?
mushroom
What type of fungus is in picture "F" ?
mushroom
What type of fungi do you see in picture "G" ?
gills
In picture "G" what part of the fungus is the green arrow pointing to?
shelf fungus
What type of fungus is in picture "H" ?
puffballs
What type of fungi do you see in picture "I" ?
carbon dioxide
In picture "J" the holes in the bread were formed from what gas?
yeasts
In picture "J" what type of fungus caused the bread to rise?
yeasts
What type of fungus is in picture "K" ?
mold
In picture "L" what type of fungus is growing in the petri dish?
black mold
In picture "M" what type of fungus is growing on the walls?
black mold
What type of fungus is in picture "M" that can be harmful to your health?
morels
What type of fungus is in picture "N" ?
truffle
In picture "O" what type of fungus is the man smelling?
cup fungus
What type of fungus is in picture "P" ?
zygospore
What type of fungus is in picture "Q" ?
bread mold
In picture "Q" what type of zygospore fungus do you see?
sporangia
In picture "Q" the spores are produced on what structures?
sporangia
In picture "R" what are the black round structures?
hyphae
In picture "R" what are the white thread-like structures?
crustose
What type of lichen do you see in picture "S" ?
foliose
What type of lichen do you see in picture "T" ?
fruticose
What type of lichen do you see in picture "U" ?
penicillin
In picture "V" what type of mold is growing in the petri dish?
antibiotic
In picture "V" the penicillin growing on the bottom of the petri dish makes an ________ that kills certain types of bacteria.
mycorrhizae
In picture "W" what fungus is growing on the roots of the plants that help them to absorb water and nutrients?
athlete's foot
What type of fungus is in picture "X" ?
ringworm
What type of fungus is in picture "Y" ?
toenail fungus
What type of fungus is in picture "Z" ?