ISO 14001


Terms in this set (...)

ISO 14001
ISO 14001:2004 sets out the criteria for an environmental management system and can be certified to. It maps out a framework that a company or organization can follow to set up an effective environmental management system. It can be used by any organization regardless of its activity or sector.

Using ISO 14001:2004 can provide assurance to company management and employees as well as external stakeholders that environmental impact is being measured and improved.
ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Benefits
Reduction in Waste production
Avoidance in use, costly disposal of other hazardous or potentially polluting materials
planned approach to compliance with regulations and the consequential reduced risk of prosecutions and fines
ISO 14001 Basic Principles and Methodology
Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle
ISO 14001 PLAN
Plan--establish objectives and processes required

Identify environmental interactions and significant aspects;

identify legal and other requirements

develop environmental objectives, targets and

the programs in which to achieve them
ISO 14001 DO
Do--implement the processes

Define structure and responsibility;
Identify and complete training eneds;
Establish communication procedures;
Document the EMS through policies, plans and procedures;
Establish document control
Establish operation control
Implement emergency preparedness and response
Check--measure and monitor the processes and report results

Monitor and measure environmental interactions;
Evaluate compliance;
Establish a nonconformance, corrective action and preventative action system
Maintain records and
Perform periodic internal audits of the EMS
ISO 14001 ACT
Act--take action to improve performance of EMS based on results

Management Review,
top management to review environmental performance, EMS performance,
priorities and
objectives and
Recommend improvements
Continual Improvement Process 3 ways
ISO 14001 encourages a company to continually improve its environmental performance. Apart from the obvious- the reduction in actual and possible negative environmental impacts- this is achieved in three ways:[6]


Overall, the CIP concept expects the organization to gradually move away from merely operational environmental measures towards a strategic approach on how to deal with environmental challenges.
Continuous Improvement Process
CIP Expansion
Expansion: More and more business areas get covered by the implemented EMS.
CIP Enrichment
Enrichment: More and more activities, products, processes, emissions, resources, etc. get managed by the implemented EMS.
CIP Upgrading
Upgrading: An improvement of the structural and organizational framework of the EMS, as well as an accumulation of know-how in dealing with business-environmental issues.
Benefits of ISO 14001 implementation
Framework for better management control that can result in reducing their environmental impacts.

Improvements in performance,

organizations can reap a number of economic benefits including higher conformance with legislative and regulatory requirements (Sheldon 1997)

Minimizing the risk of regulatory and environmental liability fines and improving an organization's efficiency (Delmas 2009),

Reduction in waste, consumption of resources, and operating costs.

Globally can leverage their conformance to ISO 14001, eliminating the need for multiple registrations or certifications (Hutchens 2010).

companies to adopt better internal controls, making the incorporation of ISO 14001 a smart approach for the long-term viability of businesses.

competitive advantage against companies that do not adopt the standard (Potoki & Prakash, 2005).

This in turn can have a positive impact on a company's asset value (Van der Deldt, 1997).

improved public perceptions of the business, placing them in a better position to operate in the international marketplace (Potoki & Prakash 1997; Sheldon 1997).

demonstrate an innovative and forward-thinking approach to customers and prospective employees.

It can increase a business's access to new customers and business partners. I

Potentially reduce public liability insurance costs. It can serve to reduce trade barriers between registered businesses (Van der Deldt, 1997).
Benefits of ISO 14001 certification
By developing an ISO 14001 environmental management system organisations identify environmental risks and manage these risks accordingly. There are many ways that organisations benefit such as:

Promoting a positive environmental image with customers, and increasing demand for products and services;

Lowering business costs through reduced resource consumption and waste disposal costs;

Improving environmental performance such as reducing electricity consumption and purchasing more 'sustainable' products;

Achieving environmental commitments and environmental policy requirements;

Meeting environmental legal requirements such as identifying a permit is required for certain discharges;

Retaining environmental knowledge through documenting ISO 14001 environmental management system requirements; and

Committing to social responsibilities.

ISO 14001 environmental management systems are the most recognised systems. By choosing ISO 14001 organisations can be easily recognised for their environmental management efforts.
four recognized options to prove that it has achieved full alignment or conformity with the international standard, ISO 14001,
1. make a self-determination and self-declaration, or
2. seek confirmation of its conformance by parties having an interest in the organization, such as customers, or
3. seek confirmation of its self-declaration by a party external to the organization, or
4. seek certification/registration of its EMS by an external organization.
ISO 14001 Environmental management systems
ISO 14001 Environmental management systems—Requirements with guidance for use
ISO 14004 Environmental management systems
ISO 14004 Environmental management systems—General guidelines on principles, systems and support techniques
ISO 14006 Environmental management systems
ISO 14006 Environmental management systems—Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign
ISO 14015
ISO 14015 Environmental assessment of sites and organizations
ISO 14020 series
ISO 14020 series (14020 to 14025) Environmental labels and declarations
ISO 14030
ISO 14030 discusses post-production environmental assessment
ISO 14031
ISO 14031 Environmental performance evaluation—Guidelines
ISO 14040
ISO 14040 series (14040 to 14049), Life Cycle Assessment, LCA, discusses pre-production planning and environment goal setting.
ISO 14046
ISO 14046 sets guidelines and requirements for water footprint assessments of products, processes, and organizations.

Includes only air and soil emissions that impact water quality in the assessment.
ISO 14046 2014,
ISO 14046 2014, Environmental Management- Water Footprint- Principles, Requirements, and Guidelines
ISO 14050
ISO 14050 terms and definitions
ISO 14062
ISO 14062 Integrating environmental aspects into product design and development (2002)
ISO 14063
ISO 14063 environmental communication guidelines and examples (2006)[10]
ISO 14064
ISO 14064 measuring, quantifying, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions
ISO 19011
ISO 19011 specifies one audit protocol for both 14000 and 9000 series standards together
ISO 14001:2015 changes to the standard in October 2015
The key changes relate to:

Increased prominence of environmental management within the organization's strategic planning processes
Greater focus on leadership
Addition of proactive initiatives to protect the environment from harm and degradation, such as sustainable resource use and climate change mitigation
Improving environmental performance added
Lifecycle thinking when considering environmental aspects
Addition of a communications strategy
16 Elements of ISO 14001
Part 1 - Environmental management
Part 2 - Scope of the environmental management system
Part 3 - Environmental policy
Part 4 - Environmental aspects and legal requirements
Part 5 - Environmental objectives, targets and programmes
Part 6 - Resources, roles, responsibility and authority
Part 7 - Competence, training and awareness
Part 8 - Communication
Part 9 - Documentation
Part 10 - Operational control
Part 11 - Emergency preparedness and response
Part 12 - Checking and Internal audit
Part 13 - Management review and continual improvement
Part 14 - Demonstrating conformity
Part 15 - Integration with other management systems
Part 16 - Further information - Web sites
18 Elements of ISO 14001
An environmental policy supported by senior management;

Identification of environmental aspects and impacts;

Identification of environmental legal and other requirements;

Development of objectives and targets, and their programs;

Defined resources, roles, responsibilities and authorities;

Development of competence, training and awareness procedures;

A communication process for all stakeholders and interested parties;

Documentation including records as required by ISO 14001;

Development of document control procedures;

Development of operational control procedures;

Development of emergency preparedness and response procedures;

Development of monitoring and measuring procedures;

An evaluation of compliance procedure;

Non-conformance, corrective and preventative action procedures;

The development of a records management procedure;

A program for completing internal ISO 14001 audits; and

Development of procedures for senior management review
Environmental Management System
ISO 14000
ISO 14000 refers to the environmental management standards series.
ISO 14001 and ISO 14004?
ISO 14001 environmental management system standard should be used in conjunction with ISO 14004 Environmental managements systems - General guidelines on principles, systems and support techniques.

ISO 14004 provides guidelines for the elements of an environmental management system and its implementation.
Environmental Consultant
Organisations need to know whether they have the skills and resources to develop an effective and productive system internally or whether they should outsource its development to an Environmental Consultant
How to help your organisation develop a more effective environmental management system that meets the requirements of the ISO 14001 standard.
1. Management Commitment, training, involvement, tracking

2. Plan your environmental management system with the right people. Clear documentation that matches what you do. With the development of the Environmental Policy

3. Develop Scope and Aspect Register. Environment aspects include any activities, products or services that can interact with the environment. Include the risks to understand the importance of the controls and demonstrate commitment to prevention of pollution. Include as many people up front as to minimize forgetting something. Apply the KISS Method when you include all the environmental aspects. Consider developing it at a corporate level and use it instead of duplicating it.

4. Evaluate legal requirements and cross reference them directly to your aspect register.

5 Provide adequate resources including but not limited to human, financial and physical, training needs, resources needed to run the programs, coordination. When you track your progress include the planning requirements, responsibilities, timing expectations and resource needs. Allow for adequate time.

6 Set SMART objectives preferrably in the format of environmental impact and $ to the organization for senior managemenet buy in.

7 Continuous improvement - track progress, perform audits

8 Marketing benefits
EPA Plan Phase
* Scope and Policy - Senior managers define the boundaries of the EMS (the scope) and commit to environmental improvement by establishing the organization's environmental policy.

* Aspects - An organization first identifies the environmental aspects of its operations. Environmental aspects are those items, such as air pollutants or hazardous waste, that can have negative (or positive) impacts on people and/or the environment.

* Significance - An organization then determines which aspects are significant by choosing criteria considered most important by the organization (i.e., setting priorities).

* Objectives and Targets - Once significant environmental aspects are determined, the organization sets objectives and targets.

- An objective is an overall environmental goal (e.g., minimize use of chemical X).
- A target is a detailed, quantified requirement created to fulfill an objective (e.g., reduce use of chemical X by 25 percent by September 2009).

* Environmental Management Programs - The final part of the planning phase is developing an environmental management program (EMP) that includes these specific actions for meeting the targets:

Designating roles and responsibilities
Identifying training needs
Establishing a schedule
Describing procedures to measure and document results
Outlining clearly defined steps to meet the targets
EMP acronym and specific actions
Environmental Management Programs - The final part of the planning phase is developing an environmental management program (EMP) that includes these specific actions for meeting the targets:

Designating roles and responsibilities
Identifying training needs
Establishing a schedule
Describing procedures to measure and document results
Outlining clearly defined steps to meet the targets
Define Objective vs Target
* Objectives and Targets - Once significant environmental aspects are determined, the organization sets objectives and targets.

- An objective is an overall environmental goal (e.g., minimize use of chemical X).

- A target is a detailed, quantified requirement created to fulfill an objective (e.g., reduce use of chemical X by 25 percent by September 2009).
EPA Do Phase
Implementation and Operation (Do Phase)

An organization follows through with implementing its EMPs using necessary resources (human, financial, etc.).

An important component is providing EMS awareness training for all employees.

Other implementation steps include documentation, complying with the organization's established operating procedures, and setting up internal and external lines of communication.
EPA Check Phase
Monitoring and Evaluation (Check Phase)

An organization monitors and documents its operations to evaluate whether targets are being met.

If targets are not being met, the organization takes corrective action.
EPA Act Phase
Management Review and Action (Act Phase)

Senior management reviews the results of the evaluation to see if the EMS is working properly.

Management determines whether the original environmental policy is consistent with organizational values.

The plan is revised to enhance the effectiveness of the EMS, as appropriate.

The review process creates a loop of continuous improvement.