How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Architectural Terms for Final

STUDY
PLAY
keystone
the central building block at the top of an arch or vault
vault web
the stone in between the ribs of the vault - the actual ceiling
diagonal rib
one of the ribs that form the X of a groin vault
transverse rib
rib that crosses the nave or aisle at a right angle
bar tracery
tracery which is composed of thin stone elements rather than thick ones. Glass dominates the window, and gives it a more delicate, web-like effect.
lancet window
a tall, narrow window crowned by a sharply pointed arch
oculus
a small round window
engaged colonnette
a small, thin column set into the wall
spandrel
an approximately triangular surface area between two adjacent arches and the horizontal plane above them
nave arcade
the series of arches supported by piers seperating the nave from the side aisles
gallery
Covered corridor in an upper story overlooking the nave.
triforium
a small shallow arcade located below the clerestory windows
clerestory
a portion of an interior rising above adjacent rooftops and having windows admitting daylight to the interior
Nave
The long central part of a church, extending from the entrance to the altar, with aisles along the sides.
Transept
The part of a church with an axis that crosses the nave at a right angle.
Choir
The area of the church between a transept and main apse. it is the area where the service is sung and clergy may stand, and the main or high altar is located.
Apse
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.
Ambulatory
Passageways surrounding the central part of the choir, which is often a continuation of the side aisles
Chapels
the recesses on the sides of aisles in cathedrals and abbey churches. Sometimes known as chantries.