Chapter 23: The Course and Conduct of WWI
Terms in this set (20)
World War I was the first war in which
large numbers of American soldiers were sent to fight overseas
The Selective Service Act
created a national draft
How did the government try to get young men to comply with the draft?
It launched a major propaganda campaign
The American Expeditionary Force were mostly
infantry, or soldiers who fight on foot
What effect did the Russian Revolution of 1917 have on World War I?
Russia withdrew from the war and ended the fighting on the eastern front
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
forced Russia to give up large amounts of territory to the Central Powers
Why did General Pershing want American troops to remain in the AEF, rather than serve in Allied units?
He did not think the Allies could end the stalemate by fighting a defensive war from the trenches and advocated tactics that were more forceful and offensive. He thought that the AEF did well as a separate army.
During World War I, the U.S. military
strictly segregated black and white troops in training camps and overseas
Those who physically fight a war are
How did the invention of the machine gun affect military strategy?
A group of machine gunners could easily stop a much larger force
The most widely used weapon on the battlefield in World War I was
Powerful new weapons such as machine guns and heavy artillery led both sides to
dig trenches in the ground for protection
Why did trench warfare lead to a stalemate?
Neither side could find a way to get its troops safely across no-man's land
Which weapons finally helped end the long stalemate in the trenches?
The first country to use chemical weapons in World War I was
A zeppelin was
a high-flying, gas-filled airship used for scouting or bombing raids
What happened after Britain introduced the HMS Dreadnought?
The major naval powers began replacing their old fleets with similar battleships
The convoy system resulted in a great reduction in
the effectiveness of U-boat attacks
The Meuse-Argonne Offensive resulted in
Germany's agreement to an armistice
During World War I, much of the fighting took place in deep, fortified ditches. This type of combat was called