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Vocab semestral 1 exam

STUDY
PLAY
affable
(adj.) Courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to.
amorphous
(v.) shapeless, without definite form, of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion
ascribe
to assign or refer to (as a cause of source), attribute
assuage
(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
bombastic
(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
circuitous
(adj.) roundabout, not direct
coalition
(n) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
commiserate
(v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
contraband
(n.) illegal traffic, smuggled goods; (adj.) illegal, prohibited
decadence
(n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
drivel
(n.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense; (v.) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
elicit
(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)
erudite
(adj). scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic
exhort
(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly
expedite
(v.)to make amends, make up for, to avert
ferment
(n.)a state of great excitement, agitation. or turbulence; to be in or work into sucj a state; to produce alcohol by chemical reaction
hiatus
(n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)
inadvertent
(adj. )resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental
infringe
(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
ingratiate
(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
innuendo
(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
inscrutable
(adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically
insular
(adj.) relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience, narrow-minded
intercede
(v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
interloper
(n.) one who moves in where he or she in not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
intrinsic
(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part
irrevocable
(adj.) incapable of being changed or called back
lassitude
(n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
lurid
(v.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
meritorious
(adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise
millennium
(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy
nominal
(adj.)existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
noncommittal
(adj.)not decesice or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
occult
(adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; (v.) to hide, conceal; eclipse; (n.) matters involving the supernatural
permeate
(v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through
petulant
(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
precipitate
(v.) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height, to give distinct form to; (adj.) characterized by excessive haste; (n.) moisture; the product of an action or process
propensity
(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward
repudiate
(v.) to disown, reject, or deny the validity of
resilient
(adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
reverberate
(v.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly
scurrilous
(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed
seditious
(adj. ) resistant to lawful authority, having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
simulate
(v.) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
sleazy
(adj.) cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable
stringent
(adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste
surmise
(v.) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; (n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof
tenuous
(adj.) thin, slender, not dense, lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance, lacking a sound basis, poorly supported
transcend
(v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed
vitriolic
(adj.) bitter, sarcastic, highly caustic or biting