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Elastic clause

it granted national government the right to make all laws that are necessary and proper for carrying out its delegate powers. This statement is known as the elastic clause because it enables the central government to stretch it powers beyond those specified

Separation of powers

Power is shared between the federal government and the states Interps for judicial make the laws for legislative and enforce for excutive

Checks and Balances

The framers of the constitution did not want any of the three branches of government to become too powerful. Ways were therefore worked out for each branch to exercise some control over the others.


Before the new government could be put into place at least 9/13 colonies had to ratify the constitution. The issue of ratification touched off a great debate which divided the nation into two groups. Delaware was the first state to ratify.


The president can check Congress through the veto, by refusing to sign a bill into law. But Congress can override a veto by a two thirds vote of both houses.

Implied Powers

derived from the necessary and proper clause or the elastic clause


were mainly small farmers, city labors, debtors, and others who believed that the states should retain maximum power and independence. The Anti- Federalists argued that the constitution gave the federal government too much power and failed to protect fundamental right of people. Anti- Federalist opposition lessened after key political leaders promised that a ball of rights would be added to the Constitution after its ad


Favored the constitutional drew mane support from merchants manufactures large land owners professionals and holders of government bonds.

Delegated powers

powers assigned to the national government

Reserved powers

powers retained by the states

Concurrent powers

powers shared by both levels of government


A Cabinet is a body of high ranking government officials

Strict construction

way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take

loose construction

belief that the government can do anything that the constitution does not prohibit

protective tariff

a tax on imported goods that raises the price of imports so people will buy domestic goods


the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress

Judicial review

A review by the supreme court for the constitutional validity of a legislative act.


From people power to machine power man made to machine

Interchangeable parts

separate elements of manufactured product that are made alike to facilitate assembly and repair


population movement into a country for purposes of settlement


movement to project jobs and living standard of citizens by such means as limiting immigration

Spoils system

Gives government jobs to friends

Freedom of speech, press, religion, and petition

You can have any religion
You can have the right to speech
You can have freedom

Right to keep and bear arms

You can defend yourself so you can carry a weapon around to defend yourself

Conditions for quarters of soldiers

You do not have to house a soldier unless there is a war and they pass a law about it

right of search and seizure regulated

Unless you can prove they committed a crime they cant search your house for proof

provisions concerning prosecutions

You cant be tried for a serious court unless there is a lot of evidence that shows your guilty. If your not tried you cant be tried again with another jury. You cant be killed or harmed and they cant take away your land unless they know for sure your guilty.

Right to a speedy trial, witness, etc.

If you are arrested you have the right to trial against it. The trial cant be public. The government cant put you in jail before the trial. You can get a lawyer and people on your side for the trial.

Right to a trial by jury

You have the right to trial by jury when its against you and someone else.

Excessive bail, cruel punishment

The government cant make you pay more then regular to bail you out of jail and the government cant make you suffer cruel and never used before punishments.

Rule of construction of constitution

You have other rights too not just ones in the constitution

Rights of the states under constitution

Things that the constitution doesn't say about what congress does should be decided by the states or the people if its allowed

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