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fossa on the medial surface of the mandible, above the mylohyoid line, that contains the sublingual salivary glasnd
foramen on the mandible that allows the inferior alveolar nerve and blood vessels to exit or enter the mandibular canal
a bony spine, which serves as an attachment for the sphenomandibular ligament associated with the temporomandibular joint
articulation between the temporal bone and mandible that allows for movement of the mandible
occurs between the disc and the articular eminence of the temporal bone in the upper synovial cavity, with the disc, plus the condyle moving forward or backwards, down and up the articular eminence
facial nerve- both motor and sensory. serves the muscles of facial expression, etc. Exits the skull at the stylomastoid foramen
origin of buccinator
starts at the alveolar process of the maxilla and the ptergoid mandibular raphae
median palatine suture
midline suture between the palatine process of the maxilla and between the horizontal plates of the palatine bone
duct formed at the junction of the lacrimal and maxillary bones that drains the lacrimal fluid or tears
external oblique line
creast on the lateral side of the mandible, where the ramus joins the body of the mandible
greater palatine foramen
foramen in the palatine bone that carries the greater palatine nerve and blood vessels
midline bony projections or the mental spines on the inner aspect of the mandibles medial surface
superior orbital fissure
what fissure of the sphenoid bone houses cranial nerve numbers III, IV, and VI, that deal with the eye?
which foramen of the maxilla transmits the infraorbital nerve and blood vessels?
foramen in the maxilla that caries branches of the right and left nasopalatine nerves, blood vessels and is marked by the incisive papilla
elevation on the posterior aspect of the maxilla that is perforated by the posterior superior alveolar foramen
body standing erect, feet together, and arms hanging at the sides with the palms facing forward
what surrounds the cell body and serves two purposes: structural- separates the contents of cells from the surrounding environment, and semipermiability- allows nutrients to pass through and waste products to leave
action from one group of cells on another leading to developmental pathway in responding tissue
an embryological tissue that gives rise to the connective tissues, cardiovascular tissues, cementum, dentin etc.
abnormal development of one or more structures from ectoderm, it has a heredity eitology, and presents with abnormalities of the teeth, skin, hair, nails, etc. typically thin and brittle skin, sparse blonde hair, mental issues, and a majority of teeth missing or having no enamel
fetal alcohol syndrome
teratogenic drug effect during the embryonic period, ethanol ingested by pregnant female crosses the placenta and can result in prenatal and postnatal growth deficiencies, mental issues, wide set eyes, and partially missing teeth
intrinsic tooth stain from ingestion of the antibiotic tetracycline during an age where teeth are developing, either b y child or pregnant mother
the ingestion of too much fluoride, the fluoride enters the enamel throught the blood supply of developing teeth, and causes and intrinsic staining or mottled look to the enamel
developmental disturbance of upper lip from failure of the fusion of the primary and secondary palates, from the frontonasal process, medionasal process, and maxillary process
consists of external ectoderm overlying endoderm, oropharyngeal membrane disintegrates, and access is available
what paired cranial bones articulate with each other to make up most of the crown of the skull?
what is the single midline cranial bone with a body and several pairs of processes, also known as the butterfly or bat bone?
what paired cranial bones form the lateral walls and articulate with the mandible at the TMJ?
tympanic portion of temporal bone
portion of the temporal bone that forms most of the external acoustic meatus- inner ear canal
flattened areas of the occipital bone that articulate with the 1st cervical vertebra
what is the largest muscle of mastication, as well as the powerhouse, whose functions are chewing, talking, and elevation of mandible
facial or chorda tympani nerve
what nerve provides taste sensation to the anterior 2/3 of the tongue?
intrinsic muscles of the tongue
what is responsible for shaping the tongue during speech, chewing, and swallowing?
extrinsic muscles of the tongue
what assists in movement and functioning of the tongue, sticking it out, moving it right or left etc.?
external carotid artery
artery that supplies oxygen to the facial regions and everywhere except the brain
inferior alveolar artery
and artery that supplies oxygen to the posterior teeth and periodontium of the mandible
collection of veins around the ptergoid muscle and maxillary arteries that drain the deep face and alveolar veins into the maxillary vein
immediate swelling and bruise from pooling blood
what is the side effects of piercing the ptergoid plexus while injecting?
peripheral nervous system
division of the nervous system that consists of the afferent and efferent nervous system
autonomic nervous system
sub division of the efferent division of the PNS, that operates without conscious control and is further divided into sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
sympathetic nervous system
fight or flight response, autonomic- no control over responses to frightful or stressful stimuli; dry mouth, constricted pupils, increased heart rate, decrease in GI and urinary systems, muscles dilate etc.
parasympathetic nervous system
(paradise) relaxed, normal pupils, working GI and urinary systems, resting heart, salivary glands working etc.
somatic nervous system
the nerves that cause the result in the effect that you determine, or have control over, flexing muscles, walking, sticking out tongue, etc.
V2, midsized branch of CN V, that is completely sensory, carries sensation to the maxillary teeth, lip, cheek, palate, periodontium, and enters the foramen rotundum.
anterior superior alveolar nerve
ASA- L & R, supplies anterior teeth, innervates pulp, perio, and buccal soft tissues, not palate, some people have a cross over, feeds into the Infraorbital maxillary branch, to trigeminal
middle superior alveolar nerve
MSA-, L7R, supplies 1st and 2nd premolars, and mesiobuccal root of the 1st molars, pulp, perio, & buccal mucosa. travels from teeth, to MSA, to infraorbital maxillary branch, to trigeminal
posterior superior alveolar nerve
PSA- L& R, supplies the rest of the 1st molar as well as the 2nd and 3rd molars, pulp, perio, and buccal tissues. it feeds up maxillary branch to trigeminal
inferior alveolar nerve
supplies mandibular posterior teeth, pulp, and perio, it travels inside the mandibular canal, and exits at the mandibular foramen
supplies to the mandibular anterior teeth and perio, it feeds into IAN, to V3, to CN V, starts at the mental foramen
supplies the mandibular lip and chin area, stays outside of the mandibular bone, it feeds into the mental foramen, to IAN, to Alveolar canal, to CN V.
Sensory, travels beside the Inferior Alveolar Nerve until it enters the Mand. bone, supplies pain sensation to the tongue.
sensory, exits skull and stays in soft tissue, not bone. Supplies the inside of the cheek area.
CN # IX, supplies taste to the posterior 1/3 of the tongue, it is parasymapthetic to the parotid
CN # XII, motor nerve, exits from hypoglossal canal, supplies extrinsic muscles of the tongue.
circulation within the heart, can be broken down into R-lungs, and L-Body circulation
circulation of blood through the heart
deoxygenated blood comes back to the heart from the body via the superior vena cava, into the right atrium, pumped through the tricuspid valve, to the right ventricle, through the pulmonary valve into pulmonary atrery, to the lungs, lungs then oxygenate the blood and pump it back into the heart from the pulmonary veins, into the left ventricle, through aortic valve, out to the aorts to take to the rest of the body
sensory nerve that carries information from the periphery of the body to the brain or spinal cord
motor nerve that carries information away from the brain or spinal cord to the periphery of the body
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