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22 terms

nutrition quiz 8

STUDY
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what fraction of lean tissue represents the water content
3/4
what organ provides the major control for homeostasis of body fluids i.e. blood pressure, and the body's acid-base balance
kidneys
when a person loses fluid by sweating or bleeding, what minerals are lost in greatest quantity
sodium and chloride
what is a major function of chloride
help maintain gastric acidity
what is the primary function of potassium
act as a principal intracellular electrolyte
what is one function of phosphorus
ADP-ATP energy exchange
what is the function of calcium
bone health, blood clotting, nerve transmission, and maintenance of heart beat
some amino acids can link to each other by bridges of
sulfur
what is a characteristic of trace minerals
the amounts in foods are dependent, in part, on soil composition
what iron containing compound carries oxygen in the bloodstream
hemoglobin
what characteristic is shared by zinc and iron
proteins are needed for their transport in the blood
what nutrient enhances iron absorption from the intestinal track
vitamin c
functions of zinc
wound healing, sperm production, and retinal synthesis
what is the primary function of iodine
hormone synthesis
what trace mineral helps activate thyroid hormone
selenium
what trace mineral is necessary in the formation of hemoglobin
copper
out of manganese, lead, mercury, and cadmium, all of the following are considered heavy metals except ...
manganese
all of the following ( water, salt, sugar, and protein) are needed in oral rehydration therapy except
protein
all of the following (aerobics, dancing, jogging, and swimming) types of exercise promote bone health except
swimming
what term designates foods that contain non-nutrient substances which may promote health beyond basic nutrition
functional foods
san antonio's water system does not fluoridate the city's water supply, name one good food source of fluoride
toothpaste
what ingredient in sodas effect bone content
phosphoric acid