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69 terms

Midterm English Vocabulary

List of vocabulary words on the english midterm.
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intrepid
(adj.) very brave, fearless, unshakable
synonyms: valiant, courageous, audacious, daring
antonyms: timid, cowardly, craven, pusillanimous
impoverished
(adj.) poor, in a state of poverty; depleted
synonyms: poverty-stricken, destitute, indignant
antonyms: rich, wealthy, affluent, prosperous
intricate
(adj.) complicated; difficult to understand
synonyms: complex, convoluted
antonyms: simple, uninvolved, uncomplicated
annihilate
(v.) to destroy completely
synonyms: obliterate, decimate, demolish
antonyms: foster, promote, encourage, nurture
reprieve
(n.) a temporary relief or delay; (v.) to grant a postponement
synonyms: (n.) stay, respite; (v.) postpone, delay
antonyms: praise, acclaim, revere, idolize
slapdash
(adj.) careless and hasty
synonyms: cursory, perfunctory, sloppy, slipshod
antonyms: painstaking, meticulous, thorough, in-depth
pliant
(adj.) bending readily; easily influenced
synonyms: supple, flexible, elastic, plastic
antonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, set in stone
arduous
(adj.) hard to do, requiring much effort
synonyms: hard, difficult, laborious, fatiguing
antonyms: easy, simple, effortless
supplant
(v.) to take the place of, supersede
synonyms: replace, displace, oust
latent
(adj.) hidden, present but not realized
synonyms: dormant, inactive, undeveloped
antonyms: exposed, manifest, evident
defray
(v.) to pay for
synonyms: settle, bear the cost, foot the bill
credible
(adj.) believable
synonyms: plausible, acceptable, likely
antonyms: unbelievable, implausible, improbable
hamper
(v.) to hold back
synonyms: hinder, obstruct, impede, inhibit
antonyms: facilitate, ease, smooth the way
brazen
(adj.) shameless, impudent; made of brass
synonyms: saucy, bold
antonyms: deferential, respectful, self-effacing
facilitate
(v.) to make easier; to assist
synonyms: ease, smooth the way, simplify
antonyms: hamper, hinder, obstruct, impede
diligent
(adj.) hardworking, industrious, not lazy
synonyms: assiduous, sedulous
antonyms: lazy, indolent,cursory, perfunctory
adherent
(n.) a follower, supporter; (adj.) attached, sticking to
synonyms: (n.) disciple
antonyms: (n.) opponent, adversary, critic, detractor
cumbersome
(adj.) clumsy, hard to handle; slow-moving
synonyms: unwieldy, ponderous
antonyms: manageable, easy to handle
brigand
(n.) a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman
mediocre
(adj.) average, ordinary, undistinguished
synonyms: run-of-the-mill
antonyms: exceptional, outstanding, distinguished
usurp
(v.) to seize and hold a position by force or without right
synonyms: seize illegally, commandeer, supplant
pauper
(n.) an extremely poor person
synonyms: destitute person
antonyms: millionaire, tycoon
lucrative
(adj.) bringing in money; profitable
synonyms: gainful, moneymaking
antonyms: unprofitable, losing, in the red
circumspect
(adj.) careful, cautious
synonyms: wary, prudent, guarded
antonyms: incautious, rash, reckless, heedless
commandeer
(v.) to seize for military or official use
synonyms: take over, requisition, expropriate
erratic
(adj.) not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily expected; undependable
synonyms: irregular, inconsistent, unpredictable
antonyms: steady, consistent, dpendable
abridge
(v.) to make shorter
synonyms: shorten, condense, abbreviate
antonyms: expand, enlarge, augment
relinquish
(v.) to let go, give up
synonyms: surrender, abandon
antonyms: hold on to, keep, retain, cling to
altercation
(n.) an angry argument
synonyms: quarrel, dispute, squabble
antonyms: agreement, accord
subjugate
(v.) to conquer by force, bring under complete control
synonyms: subdue, vanquish, master
antonyms: be conquered, submit, surrender
accomplice
(n.) a person who takes part in a crime
synonyms: partner in crime, confederate
larceny
(n.) theft
synonyms: stealing, robbery, burglary
prim
(adj.) overly neat, precise, proper, or formal; prudish
synonyms: fussy, fastidious, squeamish
antonyms: dowdy, frumpy, sloppy, untidy, loose, lax
biased
(adj.) favoring one side unduly; prejudiced
synonyms: unfair, partial, bigoted
antonyms: fair, impartial, unprejudiced, just
dissent
(v.) to disagree; (n.) disagreement
synonyms: (v.) differ, dispute
antonyms: (v.) agree, concur; (n.) unanimity, harmony
jeer
(v.) to make fun of rudely or unkindly; (n.) a rude remark of derision
synonyms: (v.) laugh at, mock, taunt
antonyms: (n.) applause, plaudits, accolades
dilemma
(n.) a difficult or perplexing situation or problem
synonyms: predicament, quandary, pickle, bind
antonyms: cinch
inanimate
(adj.) not having life; without energy or spirit
synonyms: lifeless, dead, inert, spiritless
antonyms: living, alive, energetic, lively, sprightly
irate
(adj.) angry
synonyms: incensed, infuriated, enraged, livid
antonyms: calm, composed, cool unruffled
terse
(adj.) brief and to the point
synonyms: concise, succinct, crisp, short and sweet
antonyms: verbose, wordy, diffuse, prolix
dissolute
(adj.) loose in one's morals or behavior
synonyms: dissipated, debauched, immoral, corrupt
antonyms: virtuous, chaste, moral, seemly, proper
unflinching
(adj.) firm, showing no signs of fear, not drawing back
synonyms: resolute, steadfast, unwavering
antonyms: irresolute, wavering, vacillating
condone
(v.) to pardon or overlook
synonyms: ignore, wink at, turn a blind eye to
antonyms: censure, condemn, disapprove, deprecate
hoodwink
(v.) to mislead by a trick, deceive
synonyms: dupe, put one over on
antonyms: undeceive, disabuse, clue in
fortify
(v.) to strengthen, build up
synonyms: reinforce, shore up
antonyms: weaken, undermine, sap impair
anarchy
(n.) a lack of government and law; confusion
synonyms: chaos, disorder, turmoil, pandemonium
antonyms: law and order, peace and quiet
debris
(n.) scattered fragments, wreckage
synonyms: rubble, detritus, flotsam and jetsam
illegible
(adj.) difficult or impossible to read
synonyms: unreadable, indecipherable, scribbled
antonyms: readable, decipherable, distinct, clear
fodder
(n.) food for horses or cattle; raw material for a designated purpose
synonyms: feed, provender
admonish
(v.) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty
synonyms: warn, call on the carpet
antonyms: praise, pat on the back
surmount
(v.) to overcome, rise above
synonyms: conquer, triumph over
antonyms: be vanquished, be defeated, succumb to
pompous
(adj.) overly self-important in speech and manner; excessively stately or ceremonious
synonyms: pretentious, highfalutin, bombastic
antonyms: unpretentious, unaffected, plain
alien
(n.) a citizen of another country; (adj.) foreign, strange
synonyms: (adj.) exotic, unfamiliar
antonyms: (adj.) native, endemic, familiar
access
(n.) approach or admittance to places, persons, things; an increase; (v.) to get at, obtain
synonyms: (n.) entry, admittance, entrée
antonyms: (n.) total exclusion
rift
(n.) a split, break, breach
synonyms: crack, fissure, gap, cleft
antonyms: reconcilitation
predispose
(v.) to incline to beforehand
synonyms: make susceptible to
antonyms: immunize against, shield from
exorcise
(v.) to drive out by magic; or dispose of something troublesome, menacing, or oppressive
synonyms: expel, dispel
pilfer
(v.) to steal in small quantities
synonyms: filch, rob, swipe, purloin
sully
(v.) to soil, stain, tarnish, defile, besmirch
synonyms: pollute, taint, smear
antonyms: cleanse, purify, decontaminate
auspicious
(adj.) favorable; fortunate
synonyms: promising, encouraging, propitious
antonyms: ill-omened, ominous, sinister
trite
(adj.) commonplace; overused, stale
synonyms: banal, hackneyed, corny
antonyms: original, novel, fresh, innovative
spurious
(adj.) not genuine, not true, not valid
synonyms: false, counterfeit, fraudulent, bogus
antonyms: genuine authentic, bona fide, valid
ghastly
(adj.) frightful, horrible; deathly pale
synonyms: dreadful, appalling, gruesome, grisly
antonyms: pleasant, agreeable, attractive, delightful
eminent
(adj.) famous, outstanding, distinguished; projecting
synonyms: illustrious, renowned
antonyms: obscure, nameless, unsung, lowly, humble
abscond
(v.) to run off and hide
synonyms: bolt, make off, skip town
disentangle
(v.) to free from tangles or complications
synonyms: unravel, unwind, unscramble, unsnarl
antonyms: tangle up, ensnarl, snag
rectify
(v.) to make right, correct
synonyms: remedy, set right
antonyms: mess up botch, bungle
revile
(v.) to attack with words, call bad names
synonyms: inveigh against, malign, vilify, denounce
antonyms: praise, acclaim, revere, idolize
tenacious
(adj.) holding fast; holding together firmly; persistent
synonyms: obstinate, stubborn, dogged
antonyms: yielding, weak, gently, lax, slack