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History Final

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Most scholars think the earliest inhabitants of North America...
crossed the Bering land bridge into America from Asia
The best evidence of cultural diversity among Archaic Indians is
languages
The only domesticated animal kept by Archaic Indians in N. America was...
a dog
The "kiva" was an important element of what religion?
Anasazi
Chaco Canyon flourished as the center of Anasazi culture until...
prolonged drought forced them to move.
An impressive feature of the Hopewell culture was its...
vast trading network.
A significant technological contribution of the Mississippians was the use of...
the bow and arrow
The largest ancient earthwork in North America is found at...
Cahokia
In the 900s, a Viking colonial expedition to North America was led by...
Erik the Red
Who led an expedition that circumnavigated the globe?
Ferdinand Magellan
Spain added the overseas empire of Portugal to its own during the reign of...
Philip II
Which nation was NOT an emerging rival to Spain's power?
Germany
Samuel de Champlain...
devoted his life to developing New France
The most active religious order in New France was the..
Jesuits
In the 1660's, New Netherland was captured by the...
English
English Separatists..
(all of the above)
-fled from Nottinghamshire...
-established a colony on Massachusetts Bay
-Openly opposed the hierarchy of the Church of England
-formed there own communities of worship
The House of Burgesses...
was the earliest legislature in North America
English Puritans followed the teachings and doctrines of...
John Calvin
The "headright" system DID NOT include
enough seed to plant a first crop of tobacco
Cardinal Richelieu's power in France epitomized the...
rising Counter-Reformation
French overseas expansion had been delayed some years because of...
civil war and religious upheaval at home
At the time of Columbus, North America was inhabited by about how many people?
7 million
The first permanent English settlement in N America was
Jamestown
What European monarch dominated European affairs for decades in the late 1600s?
Louis XIV
King William's War was triggered by...
English-supplied Iroquois raids near Montreal
The largest and most successful struggle for liberation took place along the upper Rio Grande among the...
Pueblo
Although the Pueblo Revolt was ultimately crushed, it succeeded in...
ending the system of forced labor and tribute.
The Navigation Acts...
defined the economic relationship of the colonies and mother country
England's primary commercial rival and target of the Navigation Act was the...
Dutch
Mercantilism involves...
striving for economic self-sufficiency
The Restoration refers to the
return to power of the Stuart monarchy under Charles II
The underlying cause of Bacon's Rebellion was the...
planter class's exclusive hold on political and economic power
The Glorious Revolution had its origins in...
religious intolerance and fears of rule by a Catholic king
Many in New England believed the violence and upheaval of the late 1600s..
was evidence of God's disfavor and divine judgement
The heavy-handed governor of the Dominion of New England who was overthrown around the time of the Glorious Revolution was...
Edmund Andros
A plan of government drafted by the Carolina proprietors...
tried to recreate the feudal hierarchy of medieval times
After 1660, colonial trade...
became a major sector in England's economy
The largest forced movement in human history was the...
deportation of Africans to the Americas
The first slaves in England's North American colonies were in...
Virginia
Initially a slave would be freed if they...
accepted Christianity
The event which did the most to push Virginia planters toward race slavery was...
Bacon's Rebellion
Planters gained a further advantage from the slave system when...
a new law decreed that any investor buying slaves was entitled to a headright of land for each slave
Europeans obtained most African slaves through...
African merchants along the coast
Of the various stages from freedom in Africa to slavery in the Americas, the highest mortality rate came during...
the middle passage of crossing the Atlantic
The highest proportion of enslaved workers occured in....
South Carolina
Georgia was founded by...
Anthony Ashley-Cooper
The principal cash crop of South Carolina was...
Rice
The form of slave resistance that remained the foremost in the minds of slave owners was...
an organized slave rebellion
What was NOT part of the Royal African Company's triangle trade...
tobacco and rice from North America to Africa
The_________ more so than any other European nation aspired to make the Indians into loyal subjects and Christian converts
Spanish
Introduction of ________ revolutionized the living pattern of the Cheyenne, Shoshone and Comanche.
horses
Through warfare, raids and conquest, the Comanche established firm control over most of present day...
Texas
The Sioux were important trading partners for the....
French
By the mid-eighteenth century, Britain's mainland colonies represented....
the largest concentration of humans that had ever occupied a single portion of the continent
Which was NOT part of the "redemption" contract variant of indentured servitude?
indentured servants received a 50-acre headright at the end of the contracted service
In comparison to England, the demographic growth of the colonies was...
dramatically larger
Which is NOT a motivation for Scottish emigration as noted in the text...
deportation
German immigrants were most likely to settle...
on the frontier fringe and establish new farms
The Great Wagon Road led settlers and commerce from Pennsylvania to...
the Piedmont of central Carolina
By mid-century, the greatest concentration of colonial wealth was found in...
the South
As New England grew and prospered, women...
steadily lost ground in relation to men
The largest city in the colonies was...
Philadelphia
James Cook...
explored the Hawaiian Islands
The "Paxton Boys"...
massacred peaceful Conestoga Indians near Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Grenville decided to keep a large garrison in the American colonies for all the following reasons EXCEPT....
colonists were unruly and resistant to government authority
The majority of the cost of war with France was paid by
British taxpayers
Grenville hoped the Sugar Act would...
reduce smuggling and increase revenues
Grenville's most important reform was the...
Stamp Act
The first attacks on the Stamp Act or the "Virginia Resolves" were made by...
Patrick Henry
The Glorious Revolution had...
limited the monarch's power and strengthened Parliament
The Quartering Act required the colonial governor of New York to provide the British army with all of the following EXCEPT...
gold and silver
(correct answers: firewood, bedding, candles, beer)
Social, economic and geographic divisions among the colonists...
were steadily overcome by perception of a government conspiracy to deprive the colonists of their liberties.
"Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" raised the issue of...
No taxation without representation
The radical leader of agitation in Boston was...
Samuel Adams
The most effective form of protest used by the colonists was
boycotts of British goods
The fall of Fort Ticonderoga was important because...
Americans needed the artillery and ammunition captured there.
Ethan Allen...
led the Green Mountain Boys and captured Ft. Ticonderoga
Washington's strongest asset in taking command of the Continental Army was his...
southern roots which would help ensure southern support
The British were finally forced out of Boston...
when Washington acquired the artillery from Ft. Ticonderoga
The author of the influential pamphlet "Common Sense" was...
Thomas Paine
"Common Sense" advocated
independence and a republican form of government
At its core, the Declaration of Independence...
assumed government was based on the "social contract"
The Hessians were...
German mercenary troops recruited by the British
Burgoyne's invasion turned into a disaster when...
General Howe attacked and captured Philadelphia instead of joining with Burgoyne
The astounding American victory at Saratoga...
paved the way for an alliance with France
For the revolution to be a success, Americans not only had to achieve military victory, they also had to...
create a viable plan of self-governance
What American was sent by Congress to secure aid from France?
Ben Franklin
George Washington's secretary of state was...
Thomas Jefferson
The Democratic-Republicans were the political heirs of the...
Anti-Federalists
Which of the following was NOT part of Hamilton's financial plan?
establishing free trade between America and Great Britain
Jefferson argued that only...
states could create and charter financial institutions
The Alien and Sedition Acts...
(all of the above)
The XYZ affair was indicative of the troubled relations with...
France
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions...
asserted that states could nullify federal law
Washington issued the Neutrality Proclamation to avoid being drawn into the war between England and...
France
John Jay was sent to negotiate a resolution to all of the following problems with the British EXCEPT..
the unresolved northern boundary of Louisiana.
In the Treat of San Lorenzo, Thomas Pinckney secured...
free navigation of the Mississippi River and the right of deposit at New Orleans
The naturalization law of 1970...
raised the residency requirements to 11 years
What was an action taken by George Washington regarding his slaves?
his will provided for manumission
in 1805, the United States signed a peace treaty with...
Tripoli
Fort Mandan...
served as winter quarters for the Lewis and Clark expedition.
The Federalists were seriously crippled by the untimely death of...
Alexander Hamilton
The most intense opposition to the 1807 embargo came from...
New England
An unexpected result of the Embargo Act was the...
promotion of industrialization at home
Which of the following is NOT true of the Lewis and Clark expedition?
they located a commercial route across the Rocky Mountains.
War Hawks has the greatest support in...
the West
The "Prophet" was the Shawnee leader...
Tenskwatawa
During the War of 1812, the strongest advocates of states' rights were...
Federalists
One of the most humiliating episodes of the War of 1812 for the Americans came with the...
British capture of Washington DC
Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the "Star Spangled Banner" by...
the battle for Baltimore at Fort McHenry
The American victory at new Orleans is associated with...
Andrew Jackson
The president most associated with the Era of Good Feelings is...
James Monroe
To reward veterans of the War of 1812, Congress granted each one...
160 acres of land in the western territories
Sacajawea was...
Shoshone
In the 1840s, it is estimated that one family in how many moved every year?
5
Out of a population of several million, about how many slaves tried to escape each year?
50,000
The leading Transcendentalists were Ralph Waldo Emerson and...
Henry David Thoreau
The "Trail of Tears" referred to...
the forced movement of the Cherokee and other tribes to Indian Territory
Marcus and Narcissa Whitman are associated with an early settlement in...
Oregon (NOT UTAH!!!!!)
Mormons were led to Utah by...
Bringham Young
The federal government encouraged settlement in Oregon by...
surveying and mapping the Oregon Trail
The first national worker's organization was the
National Trades Union (NOT; NATIONAL LABOR UNION)
Nativists...
accused immigrants of stealing jobs by working for low wages and corrupting American values
The major issue of the election of 1844 was...
annexation of Texas and western expansion
Temperance reformers supported...
prohibition of alcohol
The first college to accept men and women, black and white, was...
Oberlin
The term "manifest destiny" was associated with...
American efforts to conquer the continent
The first president of the Republic of Texas was...
Sam Houston
In the war, Mexico City fell to the American forces under the command of...
Winfield Scott
The "Yankee Strip" in the Midwest included...
(all of the above)
Michigan, Wisconson, Minnesota, Ohio
In 1853, Southerners supported the purchase of land from Mexico to...
secure a possible route for a railroad
In disputes over land titles between Anglos and Mexicans, US courts...
tended to disregard the validity of the titles
Many New Englanders, finding it hard to make a living on farms, increasingly looked for work in....
shoe factories and textile mills
The first conference devoted to the status of women was held in 1848 at...
Seneca Falls
The "Declaration of Sentiment" expressed women's rights to all of the following EXCEPT...
attend schools
The Free-Soil Party's platform included all of the following EXCEPT...
an ambitious foreign policy agenda of territorial expansion
In the 1848 election, the Whig Party began to unravel because of the issue of...
abolition
The architect of the "American System" was...
Henry Clay
The most objectionable provision of the Compromise of 1850 to northern abolitionists was...
passage of a national Fugitive Slave Law
The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo guaranteed citizenship rights to...
Mexican Americans
Which of the following states came into the US as a result of the War with Mexico?
(ALL OF THE ABOVE)
Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Nevada
In Texas, newly arrived European Americans battled...
Tejanos
People of the lower Midwest retained strong cultural ties to...
New England
California became a state in the year...
1850