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acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
this emerging, infectious disease has become one of the world's major health problems
this technology includes those projects and techniques that fit both the culture and physical setting of people involved
the UN established the world commission on environment and development, which investigated the state of the world's environment and proposed solutions in a 1987 document, "Our Common Future"
emerging infectious diseases
contagious diseases, including AIDS, SARS and recent influenzas, that are recently recognized in the medical literature and have spread widely since their discoveries
development approach, promoted by the Rockefeller Foundation, focuses on the transfer of high-technology farming techniques, including new seeds and chemical fertilizers, to less developed areas of the world
intellectual property rights
abstract ideas, knowledge, and creations can be owned just like physical property
a disease that passes from human to human and is found spreading in communities in countries in at least two WHO readions
highly contagious, widely fatal disease was contained in the 1980s but remains a terrorist threat
balance of power
an interaction system of states, or groups, which choose not to use force because they consider the potential cost too high
strategy of IGO members when they act together militarily in responding to an aggressor state
states battle each other using their formally organized military forces complete with uniforms, differentiated specializations, command and control hierarchies, training, and a sense of historical mission
actions designed to encourage states to change their policies by cutting off trade and financial flows
organized groups opposing a political system use hit-and-run tactics and then blend into the local population as their main defense
threats to the peace are managed by deploying peacekeeping troops and delivering food and medical aid
the realtionships and resources that persons, groups, organizations, and states are able to use for their own benefit and to enhance their own power
international rule of law
states follow commonly accepted rules of behavior and orderly processes for peacefully working out conflicting interests
states intervene with force to counter an aggressor state without the affected state's consent
military action taken in self defense, abiding by accepted rules of warfare such as preventing the slaughter of civilians and prisoners of war
attitudes and points of view resulting from a person's particular cultural-historical, philosophical, ideological, or religious preconceptions
emotional appeals attempting to affect the opinions of other, typically through mass communications
states want more power and generally adopt a policy of increasing their military forces
decisions these states make affect their own people but have very little impact on other states
states in the international system with sovereignty accept no authority as superseding their own
states can maintain their direct effect on events in most areas of the world at the same time
sending a message to another government without telling it directly or using an intermediary
uses violent incidents perpetrated by small numbers of people for the purpose of calling into question or destabilizing an existing political system
universal declaration of human rights
adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1949, lists individual freedoms all humans should be granted, including economic well-being and religious and political rights
local governments establish and enforce laws covering most governmental functions except foreign policy and defense
all person should be able to participate in the cultural life of their choice and conduct their own cultural practices, subject to respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms
fragile, failing, failed states
sates where the government cannot effectively enforce its policies within its own territory
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