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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. 2nd Generation Antipsychotics (atypical)
  2. Define agonist
  3. What is schizophrenia?
  4. PPIs (omeprazole/Prilosec)
  5. What is the goal of cancer pain management?
  1. a patient and nurse set a pain goal together because ca pain is hard to manage
  2. b molecules that activate receptors
    mimic the actions of the body's own regulatory molecules
    it has both affinity and high intrinsic activity
  3. c Oanzapine (zyprexa)- schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
    AE: weigth gain, dislipidemia, and diabetes
    Ziprasidone (geodon) - schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
    AE: somnolence, orthostatic hypotension, rash, prolonged QT interval
  4. d a chronic psychotic illness characterized by disordered thinking and reduced ability to comprehend reality
    + symptoms: exaggeration or distortion of normal functioning, hallucinations, delusions, agitation, tension, and paranoia. respond to 1st and 2nd gen
    - symptoms: loss or diminution of normal function, lack of motivation, poverty of speech, blunted effect, poor self care, social withdrawal. 1nd gen are better treatment for - symptoms
  5. e indications: duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcers, erosive esophagitis, & GERD. long term treatment of Zollinger Ellison Syndrome
    AE: HA, diarrhea, n/v, gastric ca, hip fx
    MoA: a prodrug, converted to active form inside parietal cells of the stomach, acive form then causes irreversible inhibition of H+, K+-ATPase (proton pump) the enzyme that generates gastric acid

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a measure of a drug's safety.
    ratio of a drugs LD (lethal dose) to its ED (effective dose)
    A large (or high) therapeutic index indicated a realitively safe drug, conversely, a small (or low) therapeutic index indicates that a drug is relatively unsafe
  2. hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and ketoacidosis
  3. the movement of a drug from its sight of administration into the blood. The rate of absorption determines how soon effects will begin. The amount of absorption helps determine how intense effects will be.
  4. macrovascular damage
    heart disease
    hypertension
    stroke
    hyperglycemia
    altered lipid metabolism
    retinopathy
    nephropathy
    neuropathy
    gastroparesis
    amputations
    erectile dysfunction
  5. indications: 1st drug to treat HIV
    AE: severe anemia and neutropenia, bone marrow suppression, liver damage, gi effects

5 True/False questions

  1. Corticosteroid inhalers*glucocorticoids
    indications: asthma
    - used on fixed schedule, not PRN
    - QVAR, pulmicort, aerobid, flovent, azmaort
    AE: oropharyngeal candidiasis, dysphonia (hoarseness)
    * user spacer and gargle after each admin

          

  2. Vincristine (Oncovin)indications: 1st drug to treat HIV
    AE: severe anemia and neutropenia, bone marrow suppression, liver damage, gi effects

          

  3. What is Steven's Johnson Syndrome? What causes it?fast acting due to skipping the absorption period
    control of drug levels in blood
    use of large fluid volumes
    use of irritant drugs
    - can't reverse w/o antidote, expensive

          

  4. Penicillinsindications: treats streptococcus pneumonia and pyrogenes
    AE: allergic reactions, pain at injection site, sensory/motor dysfunction, neurotoxicity if blood levels too high
    *alternative = erythromycin

          

  5. What is involved in nursing care of vesicant (anti-ca) agents?patient and nurse set a pain goal together because ca pain is hard to manage

          

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