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an organized group of individuals or organizations that make policy-related appeals to government
the theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation
special newsletters, periodicals, training programs, conferences, and other information provided to members of groups to entice others to join
special goods, services, or money provided to members of groups to entice others to join
selective benefits of group membership that emphasize friendship, networking, and conciousness-raising
selective benefits of group membership that emphasize the purpose and accomplishments of the group
an attempt by a group to influence the policy process through persuasion of government officials
Political Action Committees (PACs)
private groups that raise and distribute funds for use in election campaigns
a process by which citizens may petition to place a policy proposal on the ballot for public use
grassroots lobbying (mobilizing ordinary citizens to write their representatives in support of a group's position), which generates fake letters to give the illusion of more support
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