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12 terms

AP Gov Key Terms - Chapter 12

STUDY
PLAY
interest group
an organized group of individuals or organizations that make policy-related appeals to government
pluralism
the theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation
informational benefits
special newsletters, periodicals, training programs, conferences, and other information provided to members of groups to entice others to join
material benefits
special goods, services, or money provided to members of groups to entice others to join
solidary benefits
selective benefits of group membership that emphasize friendship, networking, and conciousness-raising
purpose benefits
selective benefits of group membership that emphasize the purpose and accomplishments of the group
lobbying
an attempt by a group to influence the policy process through persuasion of government officials
going public
the act of launching a media campaign to build popular support
Political Action Committees (PACs)
private groups that raise and distribute funds for use in election campaigns
initiative
a process by which citizens may petition to place a policy proposal on the ballot for public use
Astroturf Lobbying
grassroots lobbying (mobilizing ordinary citizens to write their representatives in support of a group's position), which generates fake letters to give the illusion of more support
Stealth Lobbying
when interest groups are able to place ther representatives directly on congressional staffs