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Psychology-Chapter 7

STUDY
PLAY
George Miller found that the average person is able to keep about ____ digits in mind at a time.
seven
Tim can remember what he had for lunch yesterday. This is an example of a\an
episodic memory.
The memory of things that happen to us or occur in our life are referred to as
episodic memory.
Recall of what your professor said in class is ____ memory, and recall of what you wore that day are instances of ____ memory.
semantic; episodic
General knowledge of history, algebra, and literature refers to ____ memory.
semantic
Tracy took tennis lessons when she was very young but had not played tennis for years when she decided to enroll in a tennis class at college. A moment after she picked up her racket, she realized with surprise that she had shifted it to the correct forehand grip without even thinking. Tracy's ____ memory made this possible.
implicit
The memory that tends to fail when we are feeling stressed, distracted, and preoccupied is called
prospective memory.
The stages of information processing in memory are
encoding, storage, and retrieval
Which of the following could be used to store "The Star Spangled Banner" song in memory?
acoustic code
____ means maintaining information over time.
Storage
While doing his homework, Joe noticed that he was having difficulty remembering a formula for his statistics' assignment. He realized he would have to review it more often to be able to recall the information. Psychologist refer to his realization as
metamemory.
A psychology student wants to know how to remember the various aspects of operant conditioning. His teacher tells him to relate it to classical conditioning, which he already knows. This is an example of ____ rehearsal.
elaborative
The process of locating and returning information to consciousness is referred to as
retrieval
Sofia is taking a chemistry exam. She has not studied conscientiously, and the meanings of the chemical suffixes seem to be confusing. Sofia's difficulty in remembering is most probably due to
encoding failure.
Psychologist believe that we possess a sensory register for
each of our sensory systems.
Photographic memory involves
iconic memory and eidetic imagery.
The memory that enables one to hold information for a limited time in their mind is called
short term memory.
To "save" information that is in short term memory you must
repeat the information mentally or out loud.
The way in which we conceptualize our worlds, our beliefs, and our expectations are built around cognitive structures called
schemas.
____ is formed in long-term memory by organizing information into groups of classes according to common or distinct features.
Hierarchical structure
Remembering nonsense syllables is difficult because they are meaningless and require
acoustic coding and maintenance rehearsal.
In taking the position that only fill-in-the-blank tests are suitable for testing the knowledge of students, Professor Terry is mainly interested in measuring
recall
When old information interferes with the recall of new information this is ____; when new information interferes with the recall of old information this is ____.
proactive interference; retroactive interference
Psychoanalysts believe that dissociative amnesia involves
repression
Freud discovered that many patients could not recall episodes that happened prior to the age of three and that their recall was cloudy through the age of five. He identified this phenomenon as ____ amnesia.
infantile